The paper justifies the necessity to utilize new methods of strategic planning in oil and gas field exploitation in the Arctic shelf during the implementation of high-technology diversified model of development for oil and gas companies (OGC) based on principles and tools of fractal theory. It has been proved that despite its challenging conditions the Arctic represents not only resource potential of the country and a guarantee of national safety, but also a key driver of market self-identification and self-organization of OGCs. Identified and analyzed problems in institutional procurement of shelf development and utilized methods of strategic planning and project management, both on the levels of state and corporate governance, demonstrate that reductive approach of the fractal theory allows to take into account diversification of heterogeneous multicomponent project models, which can be reduced to a single management decision with inverse iterations of neural network modelling. Suggested approach is relevant for strategic planning not only on the stage of investment portfolio justification, but also for identification and assessment of project risks; ranking of projects according to the order of their implementation; back-and-forth management (monitoring and supervision) and project completion. It has been detected that such basic properties of the fractal as self-similarity, recurrence, fragmentation and correlation between all fractal dimensions allow to systematize chaotically changing values of market parameters in the Arctic shelf development project, which provides an opportunity to forecast market development with minimal prediction errors.
Based on the fact that the development of offshore fields that contain huge reserves of hy-drocarbons, is a key area to overcome the negative trends in the oil and gas industry. The article identifies ways to improve the organization and management of the development of the Arctic shelf from a methodological and practical point of view. Three groups of problems of increase of efficiency of interaction of oil and gas companies to governments and companies from other countries: 1) Institutional (taxation, production sharing agreements, concession regime and others.); investment (extension of the list of investment risks and methodical study of their principles); innovation (creation of a new generation of oil and gas equipment, marine oil and gas innova-tion clusters) and the ways to solve them.
The most important areas of investment metallurgical enterprises are today is not only the production but also the management of innovation, such as technology management innovation and investment activity of modern industrial enterprise. The article analyzes the nature and practical importance of innovation and investment activity of the example data analysis sustainability OAO«Severstal» in the postcrisis period, examined various components of innovation and investment activity (resource, Scoring and statistics) and their contribution to improving the efficiency of the enterprise in question.
At the present stage of development of control systems of mining and processing enterprises to compete in the global market requires an open organization, requires flexibility and adaptability. Given that each miner is large and branched structure, operational management of its units is a key factor in its success. But there is a problem to connect strategic business objectives with the activities of its subsidiaries. To solve the problem, we propose the use of a balanced scorecard tool.
In paper the problem of distribution of expenses at the companies with complex processing of mineral raw materials is considered. The method of distribution of expenses on an example of the mining company and its defects is defined. In the conditions of instability in the market of mineral raw materials the minimum limit of the price for each type of production is established, the analysis of offered system of distribution of expenses is carried out and expediency of its application at this company is defined.
The study of economic, environmental and legal framework of the strategic investment management to the project «Nord Stream» enable industrial enterprises mineral complex of Russia to strengthen innovation with the possibility of attracting foreign investors is not only the development phase and implementation of such projects, but also for their operation. The problems of inertia of the country's economic modernization and identifies ways to overcome it by increasing investment opportunities in companies undertaking renovation and expansion of pro- duction due to the capitalization of its own profits and use of the sinking fund, which can improve not only the country's gas sector, but the majority of enterprises related industries.
Classification and analysis of the factors and ways to improve the investment attractiveness of Russian oil and gas industry make it possible to improve the modernization of enterprises. Assessment of the natural resource potential of the country compared with the leading consumers of fuel resources testifies to their high interest in investing in the domestic NGL. The lackof legal protection and methods to stimulate the deep processing of hydrocarbon raw material prevents updating the material and technical base of the industry.
Specificity of functioning of Russian corporations as a form of business where the owners and managers are separated by economic interests and functions related to the economic difficulties of transition to market, and participation in world and domestic crises. Manage the capital in vertically integrated oil companies should be using the world experience. We should be linked to internal and external goals of companies in developing strategies and tactics of vertically integrated companies, strengthening the internal integration and external competitiveness, relying on government support.
Market conditions dictate necessity of complex management of the capital of the enterprises of mineral-raw complex. Along with traditional methods of internal risk-management taking into account specific raw risks, the system of external insurance develops. Modernisation of a mineral-raw complex demands considerable internal and external investments and is interfaced to various risks and uncertainty of a situation. The Mineral-raw-material base of the extracting and processing enterprises, is simultaneously and the managing environment, it both object and a risk factor.
Diamond complex – one of the economy sectors, the kept potential of the expanded reproduction in the conditions of crisis. Russia, along with the republic of South Africa, Australia, Zaire, Botswana, Angola and Namibia is included into number of seven largest diamond-mining countries of the world and takes the second place in the world on volume of extraction of diamonds, being the world leader on stocks of diamond raw materials. Reserves of increase of efficiency at the separate enterprises and branch as a whole are revealed. Problems of strengthening of position of object of research on internal and a foreign market are defined.
The metallurgical complex is a part of the manufactures making a basis of industrial and defensive potential of Russia. For increase in volume and production improvement of quality are defined internal possibilities of manufacture on the basis of its modernisation. Attempt of actualisation of the term «modernisation» at the expense of the complex approach to its treatment and workings out of the mechanism of acceptance of corresponding organizational and administrative decisions is undertaken. The technique is specified and the estimation of a technical condition of the equipment is carried out, the technical and economic analysis of modernisation on Open Society «Severstal» is carried out. Ways of perfection of a control system by updating of industrial potential of the metallurgical enterprise taking into account the requirement of the complex approach are defined.
Экономическая система России находится на этапе перехода к инновационному типу развития. В этих условиях у предприятий минерально-сырьевого комплекса возникают проблемы позиционирования на рынке новшеств, разработки инновационной стратегии и реализации тактических мероприятий. Проведена классификация агентов инновационного рынка со стороны спроса и предложения новшеств, сформулированы проблемы недостаточной инновационной активности предприятий минерально-сырьевого комплекса и предложен ряд путей решения выявленных проблем.
The article considers the behavioral strategies of unemployed men and women in the conditions of economic reforms. Social, psychological and economic aspects are highlighted. The article identifies the causes of alternative choices in the conditions of unemployment and attempts to extrapolate them to the labor market.
Today it is possible to assess the efficiency of economic activity of an industrial enterprise only by applying management tools that take into account environmental parameters. The presented concept of the integrated study of environmental risks covers the management procedure, starting from the pre-investment stage and ending with the shutdown or reorientation of production, on the one hand, and the multi-stage process of identification, assessment, management, monitoring and control of risks on the other hand.
The interrelation of innovations and investments, the main prerequisites for the development and implementation of innovative measures and their investment support in the coal industry are considered. The scheme of formation of investment and innovation strategy at the enterprise is proposed.
The classification and analysis of existing methods of its calculation and the author's method of grouped, supplemented and refined evaluation indicators are proposed to take into account the environmental component of innovation efficiency in environmental management. The authorsdeveloped indicators of damage and waste intensity of enterprises and a flowchart of decision-making on environmental investment.
To manage transboundary transfer, it is proposed to use the method of purchase and sale of pollution rights. Characteristics of pollution rights trading systems at the interstate level are presented.