The paper justifies the necessity to utilize new methods of strategic planning in oil and gas field exploitation in the Arctic shelf during the implementation of high-technology diversified model of development for oil and gas companies (OGC) based on principles and tools of fractal theory. It has been proved that despite its challenging conditions the Arctic represents not only resource potential of the country and a guarantee of national safety, but also a key driver of market self-identification and self-organization of OGCs. Identified and analyzed problems in institutional procurement of shelf development and utilized methods of strategic planning and project management, both on the levels of state and corporate governance, demonstrate that reductive approach of the fractal theory allows to take into account diversification of heterogeneous multicomponent project models, which can be reduced to a single management decision with inverse iterations of neural network modelling. Suggested approach is relevant for strategic planning not only on the stage of investment portfolio justification, but also for identification and assessment of project risks; ranking of projects according to the order of their implementation; back-and-forth management (monitoring and supervision) and project completion. It has been detected that such basic properties of the fractal as self-similarity, recurrence, fragmentation and correlation between all fractal dimensions allow to systematize chaotically changing values of market parameters in the Arctic shelf development project, which provides an opportunity to forecast market development with minimal prediction errors.
The most important areas of investment metallurgical enterprises are today is not only the production but also the management of innovation, such as technology management innovation and investment activity of modern industrial enterprise. The article analyzes the nature and practical importance of innovation and investment activity of the example data analysis sustainability OAO«Severstal» in the postcrisis period, examined various components of innovation and investment activity (resource, Scoring and statistics) and their contribution to improving the efficiency of the enterprise in question.
The refractory industry, not being the main branch of the Russian economy, is crucial to leading industries such as metallurgy, machinery, fuel and energy, military-industrial complex. Analysis of technical and economic state of the industry has identified the problem in continuous increased competition from foreign companies-producers of refractories. Carrying out and an estimation of economic efficiency of modernization of refractory industry is the actual problem which decision will allow to raise efficiency of the enterprises of the refractory industry and to define the further directions for successful development of industry.
In article economic and resource maintenance of growth of efficiency of investments into oil-extracting corporations of Krasnoyarsk region at the expense of development of its innovative potential is analyzed; volume of extraction and look-ahead resources of oil, possibility of at-traction of foreign investments; a condition of an investment climate, possibility of import of oil with the accounting mining used and inclusions in an industrial turn of small deposits.
State to initiate the formation of clusters in the diamond complex Russia assumes priority financing of innovation the industry and the simultaneous strengthening of the economic system, mediating diamond complex infrastructure and geographically. But productivity growth due to innovative activity of one branch can lead to a slowdown in other sectors. Indirect support for clusters include the activities of public-private partnership to stimulate competition, demand creation and support of allied industries, export promotion, development of training programs and links to science, infrastructure support of the cluster, antitrust, insurance risks, etc.
Now the economy of Russia possesses a heredity in the form of the Soviet model of the organization of the industry – territorial industrial complexes which needs updating for conformity to market economy and globalization calls. Today «growth points» – industrial complexes as set concerning homogeneous the companies with high innovative potential which simultaneously would act as the base, «nutritious» environment for formation and development of new subjects of economic system are necessary not large, badly operated and разнонаправленные conglomerates, and. Industrial clusters represent one of the most effective forms of the organiza- tion of the industry and all subjects of economic system.
Feature of anti-recessionary management of the organisation consists in the raised complexity of administrative processes. Financial crisis is shown in shortage of money resources, growth of the delayed creditor debts, falling of sales, discontent of the personnel and other adverse factors. Level of requirements to the heads, making the most important, strategic decisions, increases in a geometrical progression In the conditions of a crisis state most important to reduce one expenses and to increase others which can make the company profitable.
Несмотря на усиливающееся внимание к проблеме повышения конкурентоспособности предприятия, до сих пор сохраняется неоднозначный подход к оценке конкурентоспособности предприятий. Решить экономические проблемы в условиях жесткой конкуренции поможет применение экономических законов, законов организации, научных подходов, принципов и моделей управления. Проведен анализ ведущих металлургических предприятий России по признакам конкурентоспособности на данный период времени, предложены мероприятия по повышению конкурентоспособности ОАО «Северсталь», разработан проект формирования эффективной стратегии развития.
The article considers the behavioral strategies of unemployed men and women in the conditions of economic reforms. Social, psychological and economic aspects are highlighted. The article identifies the causes of alternative choices in the conditions of unemployment and attempts to extrapolate them to the labor market.