Submit an Article
Become a reviewer
Evgenii A. Vasilev
Evgenii A. Vasilev
Leading Researcher, Ph.D., Dr.Sci.
Empress Catherine II Saint Petersburg Mining University
Leading Researcher, Ph.D., Dr.Sci.
Empress Catherine II Saint Petersburg Mining University
Saint Petersburg
Russia
253
Total cited
9
Hirsch index

Articles

Geology
  • Date submitted
    2023-04-29
  • Date accepted
    2023-10-11
  • Date published
    2023-10-27

Pink-violet diamonds from the Lomonosov mine: morphology, spectroscopy, nature of colour

Article preview

The article presents the results of the first comprehensive study of mineralogical and spectroscopic (IR, PL, EPR) characteristics of diamonds from the Lomonosov mine (Arkhangelskaya pipe) with a unique pink, pink-violet colour. It is shown that all crystals belong to the IaA type, with a total nitrogen content in the range of 500-1500 ppm, with a low degree of aggregation. The colour is heterogeneous, concentrated in narrow twin layers. It is presumably caused by the previously described M2 centres. The colour shade is affected by the content of P1 paramagnetic centres (C-defect). A positive correlation is observed between the colour saturation and the intensity of W7 paramagnetic centres. A convergent model of the formation of pink diamonds is assumed, according to which the determining factors are the ratio and concentration of structural impurities in the diamond, its thermal history, and conditions of plastic deformation, and not the origin of the diamond and the petrochemical properties of its host rocks.

How to cite: Kriulina G.Y., Vyatkin S.V., Vasilev E.A. Pink-violet diamonds from the Lomonosov mine: morphology, spectroscopy, nature of colour // Journal of Mining Institute. 2023. Vol. 263. p. 715-723. EDN NYGZOX
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2022-11-29
  • Date accepted
    2023-03-02
  • Online publication date
    2023-09-05
  • Date published
    2023-10-27

New data on the composition of growth medium of fibrous diamonds from the placers of the Western Urals

Article preview

This article presents the results of studying microinclusions of fluids/melts in diamonds from the placers of the Krasnovishersky District (western slope of the Middle/Northern Urals), which make it possible to establish the evolution of diamond-forming media in the subcontinental lithospheric mantle of the eastern margin of the East European craton. Impurity composition of the studied crystals reveals three different types of diamonds, the formation of which was associated with separated metasomatic events. Microinclusions in B-type diamonds containing A and B nitrogen defects reflect an older metasomatic stage characterized by the leading role of silicic and low-Mg carbonatitic fluids/melts. The second stage is associated with the growth of A-type diamonds containing nitrogen exclusively in the form of A-centers. At this stage, the formation of diamonds was related with low-Mg carbonatitic media, more enriched in MgO, CaO, CO2, and Na2O compared to B-type diamonds. The third stage probably preceded the eruption of the transporting mantle melt and led to the formation of C-type diamond containing A and C nitrogen defect centers and microinclusions of silicic to low-Mg carbonatitic composition. The recorded trend in the evolution of diamond-forming fluids/melts is directed towards more carbonatitic compositions. Fluids/melts are probably sourced from eclogitic and pyroxenitic mantle substrates.

How to cite: Gubanov N.V., Zedgenizov D.A., Vasilev E.A., Naumov V.A. New data on the composition of growth medium of fibrous diamonds from the placers of the Western Urals // Journal of Mining Institute. 2023. Vol. 263. p. 645-656. EDN RYMYTJ
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2022-04-13
  • Date accepted
    2022-06-15
  • Date published
    2022-07-26

Thermal history of diamond from Arkhangelskaya and Karpinsky-I kimberlite pipes

Article preview

This work studies and compares the main morphological, structural, and mineralogical features of 350 diamond crystals from the Karpinsky-I and 300 crystals of the Arkhangelskaya kimberlite pipes. The share of crystals of octahedral habit together with individual crystals of transitional forms with sheaf-like and splintery striation is higher in the Arkhangelskaya pipe and makes 15 %. The share of cuboids and tetrahexahedroids is higher in the Karpinsky-I pipe and stands at 14 %. The share of dodecahedroids in the Arkhangelskaya and Karpinsky-I pipes are 60 % and 50 %, respectively. The indicator role of the nitrogen-vacancy N3 center active in absorption and luminescence is shown. Crystals with the N3 absorption system have predominantly octahedral habit or dissolution forms derived from the octahedra. Their thermal history is the most complex. Absorption bands of the lowest-temperature hydrogen-containing defects (3050, 3144, 3154, 3188, 3310 cm −1 , 1388, 1407, 1432, 1456, 1465, 1503, 1551, 1563 cm −1 ), are typical for crystals without N3 system, where in the absorption spectra nitrogen is in the form of low-temperature A and C defects. The above mentioned bands are registered in the spectra of 16 % and 42 % of crystals from the Arkhangelskaya and Karpinsky-I pipes, respectively. The diamond of the studied deposits is unique in the minimum temperature (duration) of natural annealing. Based on a set of features, three populations of crystals were distinguished, differing in growth conditions, post-growth, and thermal histories. The established regularities prove the multi-stage formation of diamond deposits in the north of the East European Platform and significant differences from the diamonds of the Western Cisurals. The results suggest the possibility of the existence of primary deposits dominated by diamonds from one of the identified populations.

How to cite: Vasilev E.A., Kriulina G.Y., Garanin V.K. Thermal history of diamond from Arkhangelskaya and Karpinsky-I kimberlite pipes // Journal of Mining Institute. 2022. Vol. 255. p. 327-336. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2022.57
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2021-06-10
  • Date accepted
    2021-07-27
  • Date published
    2021-09-29

Defects of diamond crystal structure as an indicator of crystallogenesis

Article preview

Based on the study of a representative collections of diamonds from diamondiferous formations of the Urals and deposits of the Arkhangelsk and Yakutian diamond provinces, we established patterns of zonal and sectoral distribution of crystal structure defects in crystals of different morphological types, identified the specifics of crystals formed at different stages of crystallogenesis and performed a comprehensive analysis of constitutional and population diversity of diamonds in different formations. We identified three stages in the crystallogenesis cycle, which correspond to normal and tangential mechanisms of growth and the stage of changing crystal habit shape. At the stage of changing crystal habit shape, insufficient carbon supersaturation obstructs normal growth mechanism, and the facets develop from existing surfaces. Due to the absent stage of growth layer nucleation, formation of new {111} surfaces occurs much faster compared to tangential growth mechanism. This effect allows to explain the absence of cuboids with highly transformed nitrogen defects at the A-B 1 stage: they have all been refaceted by a regenerative mechanism. Based on the revealed patterns, a model of diamond crystallogenesis was developed, which takes into account the regularities of growth evolution, thermal history and morphological diversity of the crystals. The model implies the possibility of a multiply repetitive crystallization cycle and the existence of an intermediate chamber; it allows to explain the sequence of changes in morphology and defect-impurity composition of crystals, as well as a combination of constitutional and population diversity of diamonds from different geological formations.

How to cite: Vasilev E.A. Defects of diamond crystal structure as an indicator of crystallogenesis // Journal of Mining Institute. 2021. Vol. 250. p. 481-491. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2021.4.1
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2019-04-27
  • Date accepted
    2019-07-22
  • Date published
    2019-10-27

The Nature of the Elongated Form of Diamond Crystals From Urals Placers

Article preview

The article presents the results of a study of the internal structure of highly elongated diamond crystals from placers in the Krasnovishersky district of the Urals. Very elongated crystals are found within diamond-bearing placer with unrevealed primary sources. Determining the conditions of such crystals formation can help one to determine the primary deposits type. There are three hypotheses for the formation of the elongated shape of such crystals: 1) crys- tals initially elongated along the <100> (strongly distorted octahedra); 2) individual crystals of columnar aggregates; 3) elongated crystals fragments. To study the internal structure, we selected three most elongated individuals of the 155 crystals samples. The study of the internal structure of selected crystals with the usage of photoluminescent (PL) tomography, cathodoluminescence (CL), and optical microscopy has shown that these samples are fragments of lar- ger single crystals. CL imaging allowed to determine slip lines within the crystal's volume. The recorded PL spectra show the 912, 946, and 986 nm peaks, which are characteristic of crystals with plastic deformation. The revealed fea- tures are indicators of plastic deformation accompanying the destruction of the crystals. The significant dissolution following the destruction of the crystals led to the rounding of the vertices and edges of their fragments. Apparently, most of the very elongated crystals from placers with unknown sources are also highly dissolved isometric crystal fragments. The obtained results have shown that the deformation and dissolution of diamond crystals are related events characteristic of diamonds from hitherto undetected, but highly productive primary deposits.

How to cite: Vasilev E.A., Klepikov I.V., Kozlov A.V., Antonov A.V. The Nature of the Elongated Form of Diamond Crystals From Urals Placers // Journal of Mining Institute. 2019. Vol. 239. p. 492. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2019.5.492
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2017-11-16
  • Date accepted
    2018-01-16
  • Date published
    2018-04-25

Volume and surface distribution of radiation defect in natural diamonds

Article preview

In the following article, we have studied the variations of natural irradiation of diamond crystals. The natural diamonds in some cases show homogeneous green colour, caused by irradiation of the entire crystals volume. Radiation damage effects, produced by the low-radiation doses, are detected by the luminescence of the GR1 system. The high-radiation doses cause bluish hue, turning into a greenish colour, while the maximum level of volume irradiation produces the black crystals. The crystals with homogeneous volumetric black colour distribution were also studied. The major source of radiation in such cases may represent a local stream containing water rich in 222 Rn and its decay products. There is a review of the geological environment in which diamonds could be irradiated due to the decay of the 222 Rn containing in water.

How to cite: Vasilev E.A., Kozlov A.V., Petrovskii V.A. Volume and surface distribution of radiation defect in natural diamonds // Journal of Mining Institute. 2018. Vol. 230. p. 107. DOI: 10.25515/PMI.2018.2.107
Geology and metallogeny
  • Date submitted
    2012-07-29
  • Date accepted
    2012-09-27
  • Date published
    2013-01-01

Registration of the faceted gems absorption spectra

Article preview

There is shown the possibility of recording the visible and infrared absorption  spectra in the faceted gems, including those in jewels. Investigation was carried out with the infrared/visible range spectrometer, equipped with a microscope working in the reflection mode. It is demonstrated the possibility to detect signs of treatment, synthetic origin of diamonds of the main shapes without any sample preparation or removing from jewels.

How to cite: Vasilev E.A. Registration of the faceted gems absorption spectra // Journal of Mining Institute. 2013. Vol. 200. p. 163.
Geology and metallogeny
  • Date submitted
    2012-07-03
  • Date accepted
    2012-09-07
  • Date published
    2013-01-01

Comparative analysis of Uralian, Anabar and Brazilian diamonds by infrared spectrometry method

Article preview

Uralian, Anabar, and Brazilian diamond collections were studied by infrared spectrometry method. For reconstruction of thermal conditions of diamond formation were plotted Taylor Wayne diagrams with calculated isothermal curves. Diagrams of B2-defects distribution and H-centres were done. The conclusion about thermal formation conditions and possible belonging to the sea stream gravels were done.

How to cite: Vasilev E.A., Kozlov A.V., Nefedov Y.V., Petrovskii V.A. Comparative analysis of Uralian, Anabar and Brazilian diamonds by infrared spectrometry method // Journal of Mining Institute. 2013. Vol. 200. p. 167.
Mineralogy and petrography
  • Date submitted
    2008-10-02
  • Date accepted
    2008-12-18
  • Date published
    2009-04-01

New data on infrared spectroscopy of diamonds from industrial deposits of Yakutia

Article preview

Results of investigation of large diamond samples from main primary and some placer deposits of Yakutia by FTIR is given. Comparison of various characteristics indicates that maximal difference for samples of diamonds from different sources and minimal diversity for different samples from one source have average values of absorption coefficient and maximum positions of B2 absorption band. The revealed parameters are proposed to be used during comparative analysis of diamonds of different kimberlite pipes, determination of the initial source of placer diamonds, forecasting of new sources.

How to cite: Bogush I.N., Mityukhin S.I., Vasiliev E.A. New data on infrared spectroscopy of diamonds from industrial deposits of Yakutia // Journal of Mining Institute. 2009. Vol. 183. p. 167-173.