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Yu. V. Shuvalov
Yu. V. Shuvalov
G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University
G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University

Articles

Technical and environmental safety of mining industry
  • Date submitted
    2008-07-11
  • Date accepted
    2008-09-03
  • Date published
    2009-01-01

Dust control at coal enterprises of the North

Article preview

In Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute series of measures aimed at protection of environment from harmful impact of technological processes during open-cast mining and underground operation of coal, which is the most popular power resource for today are carried out. In future coal will be one of the main resource, as its supply may satisfy the needs of all branches of industry for a long period of time. The problem of stable maintenance with a heat and electric energy of the north remote territories, settlements, objects of ability to live of the person is stubborn in a modern level of development of a fuel and energy complex of Russia. Application of new technologies on use of local renewed energy sources in small energetic will allow to approach essentially manufacture of energy to the consumer and to involve in manufacture of heat and an electricity alternative kinds of fuel.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Nikulin A.N., Gasparyan N.A., Smirnov Y.D. Dust control at coal enterprises of the North // Journal of Mining Institute. 2009. Vol. 180. p. 58-64.
Geotechnology
  • Date submitted
    2006-10-24
  • Date accepted
    2006-12-02
  • Date published
    2007-04-01

Theoretical basis of calculation of mining-technical systems of heat regime regulation

Article preview

The basic principles of calculation of mine technical systems for regulating the thermal regime of air are outlined. A new approach to modeling of thermal conditions in the mine workings is used. Mining technical systems are presented as systems with properties changing in coordinates and time.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Galkin A.F. Theoretical basis of calculation of mining-technical systems of heat regime regulation // Journal of Mining Institute. 2007. Vol. 172. p. 138-142.
Safety in mining industry
  • Date submitted
    2006-10-13
  • Date accepted
    2006-12-04
  • Date published
    2007-04-01

New technologies to ensure safety in mining in Russia

Article preview

Mineral extraction is closely connected with the processes of human impact on the environment in order to provide raw materials and their partial loss. With the total extraction of mineral resources exceeding 6.5bn tons, the total losses in the subsoil amount to 2.5bn tons: about 50bn tons of harmful substances are emitted into the atmosphere, more than 2bn m3 of polluted waste water is discharged into water bodies and more than 8bn tons of solid waste is stored on the surface of the earth. The scientific school of SPGGI is developing a set of measures to protect the environment from the harmful effects of technological processes in open-pit and underground coal mining, which today is a demanded natural energy resource, and in the future will become one of the main ones, as its supply can satisfy the needs of all industries for several hundred years.

How to cite: Litvinenko V.S., Shuvalov Y.V., Nikulin A.N., Gasparyan N.A., Smirnov Y.D., Kamenskii A.A. New technologies to ensure safety in mining in Russia // Journal of Mining Institute. 2007. Vol. 172. p. 178-185.
Geoecology
  • Date submitted
    2006-10-17
  • Date accepted
    2006-12-01
  • Date published
    2007-04-01

Socio-economic development of coal-mining regions based on the assessment of environmental capacity of the natural environment

Article preview

The results of the analysis of the environmental situation in coal-mining regions based on the assessment of the environmental capacity of the natural environment and its exhaustiveness are presented. The limiting level of coal mining within a typical administrative district in terms of area and population, providing environmental stability under the current normative indicators and applied methods and means of engineering environmental protection, is determined. A set of tasks, the solution of which at the level of the federal center by executive and legislative authorities of a particular sub-unit of the federation, or directly by the economic entities themselves will lead to a reduction in the negative impact of the coal mining industry on the environment and the health of the population of the region, is proposed.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Parshina M.V., Zuev E.P., Veselov A.P. Socio-economic development of coal-mining regions based on the assessment of environmental capacity of the natural environment // Journal of Mining Institute. 2007. Vol. 172. p. 205-209.
Mining. Ecology
  • Date submitted
    2006-07-05
  • Date accepted
    2006-09-01
  • Date published
    2007-01-01

Reduction of dust emission at quarries using phase transitions of moisture

Article preview

One of the main sources of hazardous air pollution on the territories of mining and metallurgical and enrichment complexes and adjacent territories are dust-forming surfaces of dumps. As a result of wind erosion, fine fractions, which have a predominant impact on respiratory organs, are easily transported from the surface to long distances. The article proposes a method that reduces dust and dust transfer of fine materials, increases the biological productivity of dumps and their rapid reclamation.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Gasparyan N.A. Reduction of dust emission at quarries using phase transitions of moisture // Journal of Mining Institute. 2007. Vol. № 1 170. p. 135-138.
Mining. Ecology
  • Date submitted
    2006-07-09
  • Date accepted
    2006-09-27
  • Date published
    2007-01-01

Resource-saving technologies of heat energy production on the basis of solid combustible carbon containing waste processing

Article preview

The growth in the use of solid waste in the global industry has occurred throughout the twentieth century with varying effects in different sectors and with the aim of more efficient utilization of solid energy sources. The main suppliers of solid combustible carbon-containing wastes are mining, chemical, metallurgical, fuel and energy industries. Creation of technologies for processing and enrichment of solid combustible wastes and their use for obtaining environmentally friendly high-calorific combustibles will save labor resources and obtain a positive environmental effect, as well as increase the efficiency of fuel and energy resources use.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Nikulin A.N. Resource-saving technologies of heat energy production on the basis of solid combustible carbon containing waste processing // Journal of Mining Institute. 2007. Vol. № 1 170. p. 139-141.
Mining. Ecology
  • Date submitted
    2006-07-27
  • Date accepted
    2006-09-13
  • Date published
    2007-01-01

Reduction of dust load at technological processes of formation of dusty surfaces at quarries by foaming method

Article preview

The most promising and practically feasible is the method of applying a fertile layer based on sapropel on the surface. The project of reducing dustiness of mining waste dumps and increasing their bioproductivity is proposed. The economic efficiency of various methods of reclamation is analyzed.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Smirnov Y.D. Reduction of dust load at technological processes of formation of dusty surfaces at quarries by foaming method // Journal of Mining Institute. 2007. Vol. № 1 170. p. 142-149.
Current problems of the development of mineral deposits
  • Date submitted
    2005-08-02
  • Date accepted
    2005-09-01
  • Date published
    2006-03-01

Научно-исследовательская работа на горном факультете

Article preview

Охарактеризована научно-исследовательская работа на горном факультете Санкт-Петербургского горного института, дан краткий экскурс в историю факультета, освещены направления научных исследований на современном этапе развития факультета, приведены основные показатели научно-исследовательской деятельности.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Donchenko T.V. // Journal of Mining Institute. 2006. Vol. № 3 168. p. 7.

Features of the construction of scientifically grounded methodology for compiling fuel and energy balances of Russian territories (regional aspects)

Article preview

The concept of the developed model (algorithm) for the formation of rational balances of supply and demand of Russian regions is given. The research is aimed at ensuring rational and efficient exploitation of energy resources in Russia. In the formation of supply-demand balances of the region, the possibility of using local fuels is taken into account. The present model has been developed and preliminarily tested on the example of the Leningrad Oblast and the Komi Republic.

How to cite: Kovalev O.V., Azimov R.A., Shuvalov Y.V., Tkhorikov I.Y. Features of the construction of scientifically grounded methodology for compiling fuel and energy balances of Russian territories (regional aspects) // Journal of Mining Institute. 2005. Vol. 166. p. 15-18.
Nature conservation technologies, processing and reproduction of forest resources
  • Date submitted
    2005-01-29
  • Date accepted
    2005-02-19
  • Date published
    2005-08-01

Selection of rational compositions of fuel and energy raw materials for heat energy production by boiler-houses of the Leningrad Region

Article preview

As a result of the conducted research in assessing the possibility of using carbonaceous waste from the woodworking industry of the Leningrad region for heat energy production, harmonious compositions of energy raw materials and methods of their processing were determined. The most rational, as calculations have shown, is the use of large-tonnage woodworking waste for these purposes. At the same time, the most effective ways of processing raw materials and variants of rational location of woodworking enterprises in the Leningrad region depending on the distance to the consumer and prices for alternative energy carriers were proposed.

How to cite: Nifontov Y.A., Shuvalov Y.V., Nifontova T.I., Nikulin A.N. Selection of rational compositions of fuel and energy raw materials for heat energy production by boiler-houses of the Leningrad Region // Journal of Mining Institute. 2005. Vol. 166. p. 231-233.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    2004-12-03
  • Date accepted
    2005-01-08
  • Date published
    2005-07-01

Change of Phase Composition of Wastes of Ferrous Metallurgy Enterprises at Joint Firing of Dusts from BOF, Open-hearth and Blast Furnace Production

Article preview

This work is focused on creating a technological option for joint processing of BOF, blast furnace and open-hearth dusts with subsequent involvement of semi-products in the main production of Severstal and similar enterprises.

How to cite: Barkan M.S., Beloglazov I.N., Shuvalov Y.V., Pashkevich M.A., Fedoseev I.V. Change of Phase Composition of Wastes of Ferrous Metallurgy Enterprises at Joint Firing of Dusts from BOF, Open-hearth and Blast Furnace Production // Journal of Mining Institute. 2005. Vol. 165. p. 26-27.
Environmental and economic aspects of mineral deposits development
  • Date submitted
    2004-11-03
  • Date accepted
    2004-12-15
  • Date published
    2005-06-01

Impact assessment and protection of mine workers from negative environmental impact

Article preview

The paper presents the basics of the theory of the study of the dynamics of psychophysiological potential of personality and the use of the assessment procedure to evaluate the current state of workers of mining enterprises located in the North. Then recommendations and countermeasures to prolong the period of life activity are given.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Burlakov S.D., Tucha N.A. Impact assessment and protection of mine workers from negative environmental impact // Journal of Mining Institute. 2005. Vol. 164. p. 128-133.
Nature conservation technologies, processing and reproduction of forest resources
  • Date submitted
    2003-08-28
  • Date accepted
    2003-09-06
  • Date published
    2004-03-01

Use of carbon-containing waste from timber processing enterprises in the Leningrad region to generate thermal energy

Article preview

The Leningrad Region has very insignificant reserves of the main types of fuel and energy resources, represented mainly by wood, peat, oil shale and uranium, the development of deposits of which is not planned even in the long term for environmental reasons. However, the consistent introduction of new technologies for processing fuel and energy resources, the involvement of local resources in the fuel and energy balance, primarily wood, peat and shale fuels, and the creation on this basis of processing and energy-producing complexes of local type can ensure energy security and change both the economic and demographic situation in the Leningrad region.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Nifontov Y.A., Nifontova T.I., Nikulin A.N., Gasparyan N.A. Use of carbon-containing waste from timber processing enterprises in the Leningrad region to generate thermal energy // Journal of Mining Institute. 2004. Vol. 158. p. 262-264.

Development of a scientifically based methodology for the fuel and energy balance of the regions of Russia

Article preview

A model (algorithm) for constructing rational fuel and energy balances of Russian regions is developed. The research is aimed at ensuring the rational and efficient use of fuel and energy resources of Russia. When building the fuel and energy balance of the region the possibility of using the local fuels is taken into account. This model is built and pre-tested on the example of the Leningrad Region.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Kovalev O.V., Boguslavskii E.I., Nifontov Y.A., Tucha N.A. Development of a scientifically based methodology for the fuel and energy balance of the regions of Russia // Journal of Mining Institute. 2004. Vol. 158. p. 17-19.
Problems of rational use of mineral resources
  • Date submitted
    2002-08-29
  • Date accepted
    2002-09-30
  • Date published
    2003-03-01

Environmental monitoring of sulfide-containing technogenic massifs

Article preview

To date, the total amount of rock mass displaced on the planet exceeds 100 billion tons. The result of such impact is the formation of man-made massifs - geological structures, composed of rocks or sediments of anthropogenic genesis, which differ in their composition (chemical, granulometric, bacteriological) and properties (physical, mechanical, filtration, sorption, etc.) from the host rocks. Shapes and sizes of man-made massifs are determined mainly by technological processes. In areas of sulfide-containing technogenic massifs, due to waste in an oxidizing environment, the formation of acidic drainage water occurs, the processes of formation of which are complex and nonstationary, which greatly complicates the monitoring of the state of the massifs. Development and application of a new method of acid-alkaline balance, consisting in determining and comparing the acid potential and neutralization potential, formed by rock or waste, allows with high expressiveness and accuracy to monitor the situation in areas of sulfide-bearing man-made massifs, significantly reduces the time for laboratory research.

How to cite: Pashkevich M.A., Shuvalov Y.V., Eldina E.V. Environmental monitoring of sulfide-containing technogenic massifs // Journal of Mining Institute. 2003. Vol. 154. p. 150-153.
Development of mineral deposits
  • Date submitted
    2001-09-06
  • Date accepted
    2001-10-28
  • Date published
    2002-04-01

Ways to solve the problem of soil pollution by liquid hydrocarbons in the territories of mining enterprises

Article preview

At the present time, the problem of oil pollution of soils in the territory of mining enterprises by liquid hydrocarbons is one of the most pressing. The main results of the study of oil pollution halos at some oil product storage facilities in different natural and climatic regions of the Russian plate are presented. Studies have shown that to solve various environmental problems requires a synthesis of mechanical and biological methods of remediation of soils and natural waters. Biological methods consist in the introduction of hydrocarbon-oxidizing microorganisms in the form of biopreparations with the additional introduction of biogens into the treated soil. The most rational methods of remediation should be implemented at the industrial enterprises of the North with difficult geo-temperature conditions. The method of "in situ" bioremediation is the most advantageous from environmental and economic points of view. The construction of an in-situ bioreactor with preliminary thawing of frozen soils is based on solving thermodynamic problems. Preliminary estimates of the thawing radius for different time periods (without taking into account the latent heat of phase transition) have been obtained.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Ilina E.A. Ways to solve the problem of soil pollution by liquid hydrocarbons in the territories of mining enterprises // Journal of Mining Institute. 2002. Vol. 152. p. 99-102.
Development of mineral deposits
  • Date submitted
    2001-09-13
  • Date accepted
    2001-10-06
  • Date published
    2002-04-01

Estimation and management of the risk of traumatism of workers in the mining industry

Article preview

The analysis of the impact of environmental factors on the occupational injury rate of employees of mining enterprises of the North was carried out. A comprehensive "benchmark" method of injury risk assessment using a multiplicative model, which takes into account the superposition of the acting factors of different nature and at the same time is simple enough to be applied, has been proposed. The proposed approach makes it possible to move from a point risk assessment to a probabilistic one. The risk at the reference enterprise is supposed to be conditioned by objective factors that do not depend on the actions of personnel: the depth of work, the properties of the massif, fracturing, gas content, susceptibility bleedings, blowouts, dip angle, reservoir thickness. When calculating the risk for the real enterprise, it is supposed to take into account the effect of subjective factors.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Mikhailova N.V. Estimation and management of the risk of traumatism of workers in the mining industry // Journal of Mining Institute. 2002. Vol. 152. p. 103-106.
Development of mineral deposits
  • Date submitted
    2001-09-15
  • Date accepted
    2001-10-08
  • Date published
    2002-04-01

A generalized mathematical model of zinc-containing dust recycling in a Waelz kiln

Article preview

Work was carried out to study the impact of ferrous metallurgy enterprises on the environment and to create a technology for the utilization of poor zinc-containing dusts. The choice of the Waelz process as a technology for utilization of poor zinc-containing dusts from blast-furnace, converter and open-hearth furnaces with regard to the conditions of OAO Severstal (Cherepovets) was made. The main goal of the work is to create a mathematical model of the process with subsequent evaluation of its adequacy by means of experimental installations. The model is planned to be used for choosing the optimal technological parameters of the process in the utilization of this type of material. A generalized mathematical model of heat and mass transfer in a Waelz kiln has been developed. The experimental evaluation of the adequacy of this mathematical model was conducted on the laboratory furnaces for drying pellets in fixed and rotating layers. The main directions of further research are defined.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Smolin M.A. A generalized mathematical model of zinc-containing dust recycling in a Waelz kiln // Journal of Mining Institute. 2002. Vol. 152. p. 107-110.
Problems of rational use of mineral resources
  • Date submitted
    2000-10-03
  • Date accepted
    2000-11-02
  • Date published
    2001-05-01

Environmental monitoring of water and air migration of polluting components from the territory of sulfide-containing waste storage sites

Article preview

Mining and mining-processing enterprises are one of the most intensive sources of environmental pollution by solid wastes, which make up more than 90% of the volume of mined mineral raw materials. The result of such impact is the formation of technogenic massifs. Comparative analysis of the results of monitoring of technogenic massifs has allowed us to identify a number of regularities of their impact on the natural environment: The technogenic array is a lithochemical halo of pollution; The result of dust and gas emission from the surface of the anthropogenic massif is the formation of atmochemical and redeposited lithochemical pollution halos, pollution of vegetation and near-surface sediments; Temporary and permanent flows from the anthropogenic massif carry out and re-deposited rocks, which causes the formation of hydro- and lithochemical pollution flows; Infiltration of natural waters through technogenic sediments leads to the formation of hydrogeochemical halos and pollution flows.

How to cite: Pashkevich M.A., Shuvalov Y.V. Environmental monitoring of water and air migration of polluting components from the territory of sulfide-containing waste storage sites // Journal of Mining Institute. 2001. Vol. № 5 149. p. 166-170.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    2000-07-25
  • Date accepted
    2000-08-16
  • Date published
    2001-02-01

Environmental issues in building materials extraction

Article preview

Atmospheric emissions of harmful substances during the development of mineral deposits by open-cut mining mainly include mechanical (dust) and chemical impurities. Among the latter, depending on the technology of works, carbon oxides, nitrogen, sulfur dioxide, etc. prevail.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Gubenko A.L., Bulbashev A.P. Environmental issues in building materials extraction // Journal of Mining Institute. 2001. Vol. № 2 148. p. 120-122.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    2000-07-16
  • Date accepted
    2000-08-02
  • Date published
    2001-02-01

Geodynamics and gas release from mined-out space in the Vorkuta coal mines

Article preview

The results of the analysis of the character of the growth with depth of methane content in beds and host rocks of coal deposits in the Pechora basin and the factors affecting it are presented. On the basis of field measurements of methane emission dynamics in the mine workings of a number of mines of the Vorkuta coal field and their statistical processing the effect of the increase in the relative methane emission by increasing the size of the mined-out space - the number of the waste pillars and the distance of the working face from the cut mine working is shown. The efficiency of the degassing schemes used to reduce gas release from the surrounding rock masses under development is analyzed. Geomechanical and gasdynamic models of a complexly structured undermined rock mass are proposed, allowing to justifiably calculate parameters of permeability distribution over its volume, air leakage fluxes from the cleaning face and gas-air mixture in the mined-out spaces.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Pavlova I.A., Bobrovnikov V.N., Popov M.M., Veselov A.P. Geodynamics and gas release from mined-out space in the Vorkuta coal mines // Journal of Mining Institute. 2001. Vol. 147. p. 61-70.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    2000-07-05
  • Date accepted
    2000-08-12
  • Date published
    2001-02-01

Utilization of carbon-bearing waste from the coal and timber industries

Article preview

Permanent accumulation of carbonaceous waste at coal mining and forestry enterprises in volumes comparable to those of primary recovery has a great impact on the environment. Even an environmental disaster can be foreseen in the near future. Large volumes of accumulated carbonaceous waste represent a valuable source of energy. Their effective processing will save large amounts of energy resources - oil, natural gas, coal and shale oil, which are the basis of the fuel and energy balance of Russia, and bring a large income. It is estimated that the annual shortage of refined fuel in the amount of about 10 million tons for the public utilities for the period until 2005 can be closed by the production of briquette fuel using recycled carbonaceous waste - waste from sawing and lumbering and shale deposits in the Leningrad region. Processing of sawmill and logging waste, shale oil into briquette fuel is possible at the cost of modern technologies and equipment, as well as unconventional technological solutions (compression of briquette mixture using uniaxial compression in hydraulic presses or compression "endless wedge" in extrusion presses).

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Nifontov Y.A., Nifontova T.I., Benin A.A. Utilization of carbon-bearing waste from the coal and timber industries // Journal of Mining Institute. 2001. Vol. 147. p. 151-160.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    1994-09-04
  • Date accepted
    1994-11-03
  • Date published
    1995-03-01

Аэрогазодинамика выработанных пространств

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Изложены результаты натурных, лабораторных и ана­литических исследований динамики утечек воздуха, метана и пыли в выработанном пространстве добычных участков угольных шахт. Установлены закономерности формирова­ния взрывоопасных зон в горных выработках и прилегаю­щем к нам выработанном пространстве.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Sobolev V.V., Globin A.N., Veselov A.P. // Journal of Mining Institute. 1995. Vol. 142. p. 95.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    1993-07-26
  • Date accepted
    1993-09-13
  • Date published
    1994-01-01

Конденсационное увлажнение аэрозолей и аэрогелей угольной пыли

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Проанализированы материалы аналитических, лабораторных и шахтных исследований процессов сушки и увлажнения аэрогелей угольной пыли, а также изучено влияние влажности на их взрываемость. Изложена методика выбора параметров средств генерации пара для конденсационного увлаж­нения отложений угольной пыли в выработках, которая обеспечивает защиту от взрывов и детонации.

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V., Bobrovnikov V.N., Belozerov V.P., Veselov A.P. // Journal of Mining Institute. 1994. Vol. 139. p. 54.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    1968-07-29
  • Date accepted
    1968-09-12
  • Date published
    1969-01-01

Особенности влияния слабых прослойков и льда на устойчивость целиков

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Как известно, на устойчивость целиков существенное влияние оказывают неоднородность пород, наличие различного рода прослойков, включений и льда. Для уточнения этого влияния в лаборатории горного давления ЛГИ в 1963—1967 гг. был проведен комплекс исследований, включающий изучение несу­щей способности целиков со слабыми прослойками других по­род и включениями льда для условий Аркагалинского, Сангарского, Джебарики-Хая месторождений угля и сланцевского месторождения Прибалтики ...

How to cite: Bezkaravainyi V.G., Shuvalov Y.V. // Journal of Mining Institute. 1969. Vol. № 1 58. p. 164.
Without section
  • Date submitted
    1968-07-12
  • Date accepted
    1968-09-01
  • Date published
    1969-01-01

Расчет предельных пролетов незакрепленной мерзлой кровли

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Характерной особенностью месторождений, расположенных в зоне многолетней мерзлоты, является цементация породных блоков льдом, который заполняет межслоевые трещины и тре­щины, секущие породные слои, что способствует консолидации слоев и ведет к увеличению несущей способности массива в целом ...

How to cite: Shuvalov Y.V. // Journal of Mining Institute. 1969. Vol. № 1 58. p. 174.