The paper examines modern status and prospects of the Russian-German economic cooperation in the mineral resources sector. It has been revealed that in the recent years the bilateral trade between the two countries is influenced by the foreign affairs and witnesses a downwards trend. Development of economic cooperation in the traditional sphere, i.e. the fuel and energy sector, is hindered by several circumstances. Among these is a significant change in the energy policy of Germany and in the European energy market regulatory framework. A need appears to find alternative areas and forms of cooperation between the two countries. For this reason the major focus is on the problem of providing critical materials the German industry through creation of primary partnerships. Cooperation in this format secures access to the required feedstock for the German companies in exchange for creation of a complete value chain on the basis of the Russian companies. The role of Russia as a potential supplier of certain critical materials has been defined. The need in closer integration between the universities and the businesses for more efficient facilitation of bilateral scientific and technical cooperation has been justified.
One of the fundamental development factors of global economy is the steady growth of consumption and production of the rare-earth metals (REM). It has been an indicator of eco-nomic development and national security in industrialized countries for decades. The existing resource dependence on the Chinese producers and monopolization of the market promoted ex-tension and realization of REM development state programs in many countries. Established un-der the conditions of centrally planned economy, the Russian rare earth industry is off so far. The key factors of the Russian REM industry degradation are the gap of technological chains, the lack of internal demand for innovative products of high degrees of processing, the low level of mineral processing technologies, the need for skilled workers, the large-scale investments re-quirement. So the interrelation and the difficulty of assessing and managing these factors within their strategic nature actualize the problem of implementation and development of an integrated national program aimed to promote the creation and development of rare-earth production and consumption. Objective: To determine the strategic priorities of creating a system of production-consumption of rare earth industry in Russia in the face of global competition and the mecha-nisms of their maintenance by government regulation. Methodology of research: comparative analysis, system analysis and economic market analysis, forecasting techniques, methods of expert assessment. Research results: The supply and demand assessment of REM global and domestic market in the medium and long term is given. Research covers the state, problems and prospects for re-covery and development of Russian REM industry. The opportunities for operational commis-sioning of natural and man-made sources of rare earth materials are identified. The comparative analysis of existing programs of state regulation of REM in the developed countries is carried out. The proposals for the recovery and development of REM in Russia are formulated.
The model of an assessment of resource value of mining company on the basis of complex application of costing and profitable approaches is developed. The offered model reflects both the quantity of net assets of the company, and value of the mineral and raw assets (MRA) supervised by mining company. Need of an assessment and inclusion in model of value of MRA is caused them by the uncertain status in system of economic resources. Methods of calculation of cost of net assets are systematized and methods of determination of value of MRA are offered. Influence of corporate programs of development on change of resource value on JSC Kovdorsky GOK is shown.
Evolution of the corporate reporting from the regulated financial reporting to the integrated is analysed. Kinds of the corporate reporting, sources of the used information and the requirement to the information are considered. The basic conditions and factors of formation of the integrated reporting are revealed. The basic problems of modern level of the corporate reporting and a direction of its development on an example of the companies of mining branch are shown.
While Russia participates more in the world economy, Russian companies are becoming more exposed to its fluctuations. Recent economic crisis has revealed a strong necessity to improve the competitiveness of Russian companies. One of the ways to do it is to apply a method of restructuring of the company, which allows to reduce transaction costs and increase efficiency of the company.
Problems and prospects of the mineral development in the Transbaikalia region are given in the article. The interrelation had between problems in the region and prospects identified in the event of their solutions. The idea create the mining and metallurgical cluster based on the number of large deposits on the region is the main lever for decision problems.
Reliable estimation of assets valuations in mining companies play a significant role in ensuring capital accessibility as well as correct current and future company valuation. Valuation of assets can be fulfilled either by a costs or by a fair (market) value, and also should be based on the value-based approach that represents management flexibility consideration. By valuation of a mining company's assets and also assets of corporate companies which have mineral assets, it is necessary to consider mineral resources as assets and reveal their systemic and specific features. Mineral resources as assets and mining industry itself have strongly pronounced option characteristics, which determines significance of the option approach's correct application and quantitative assessment of management flexibility. Application of the real options method improves the methodology of a mining company's valuation and strategic management tools by means of an adequate allowance for risk, ensuring of flexibility and strategic decision consistency, opportunities of fast switching over and continuity of changes.
In article the characteristic of leading world oil and gas service companies Shclumberger, Halliburton, Transocean, Weatherford International, Baker Hughes is given, their basic areas of activity are allocated. The basic attention is given their innovative development. The direction of innovative development of Russian enterprise «Sevmorgeo» is defined. It is shown, investment income of oil and gas service does not concede to business on extraction of hydrocarbons.
In the present moment in Russian and foreign economic science there are many models of business development stability estimation, that are used. These models can’t be used in manager’s operational activity and it doesn’t take into consideration the branch’s specifics of gas industry. It the article there are represented 3 possible models of business development stability and there is made the analysis of advantages and disadvantages of these variants. Also there are made conclusions about the preferred model, that will let to manage the gas company’s stability, that is considered to be the ability of the company to generate incomes for their stakeholders.
This article explores the concept of «green» standards in construction, the analysis the main features of the existing international standards. Allocated specific «green» standards needed to improve environmental performance at the complex development of territories. And confesses with the main components of «green» standards used in the activity of SC «Olympstroy» and some suggestions for their improvement.
In article the characteristic of resource base of hydrocarbon resources of a Russian continental shelf is given. Deposits are divided into three groups: the oil, gas and condensate. Estimations of reserves and their changes are presented. Tendencies of development of sub-sea oil and gas deposits on the basic regions are defined: to the Arctic, Far East, Caspian and Baltic.
In article the essence of an economic category sustainable development is reveals. The points of view on a problem of sustainable development economists of the basic modern scientific schools are considered. In a context of the neoclassic approach the condition of stability of development of Russia is shown.
Обоснован принцип систематизации существующих моделей недропользования, предложена их авторская классификация на основе институционально-экономического подхода. Показаны потенциальные возможности совершенствования действующей в России системы недропользования на основе развития контрактных отношений.
The problem of measuring the effectiveness of investment projects in non-stationary economic conditions is considered. The disadvantages of the traditional method of calculating net discounted value are shown. A new, extended NPV formula taking into account the reinvestment of periodic income is proposed, which allows to improve the accuracy of project efficiency assessment in unstable economic conditions in Russia.