In given work the analyses of low of petrol countries is fulfilled, the choice of this countries is modified. Oil and gas sector plays one of the most important role in Russian economic, but at the moment there is no special low the sphere of hydrocarbons’ development. Analysis of legislation in foreign countries which have similar conditions as Russia (USA, Norway, Brazil) let determine common traits and work out some advices for changing Russian regulation of oil and gas complex.
In given article possibilities of natural resources and economic potential of Murmansk region are examined. The main possible scenarios of strategy development of the region are presented. Possible indices of evaluation of the cluster as well as the prognosis meaning of this indices are enumerated. The main priorities of the federal and regional politic for cluster development support are examined.
The main prerequisites for creation oil and gas suppliers cluster are enumerated in given article. Comparison of organization structure of territorial-industrial complexes, developed in soviet period of planned economy, with clusters, which are developing in market economy, is fulfilled. The example of Norway which oil and gas suppliers compete efficiently even on the global markets is given. It was established that successful development of oil and gas suppliers cluster in Murmansk region will let to reach multi-effects and to consolidate interaction between business and State.
The potassium companies of Russia and Belorussia, developing the unique deposits of potassium salts, provide more than 40 % of the world production of potassium fertilizers. Therefore economic efficiency from their activity considerably influences to the world market of potassium. Being the companies which export more than 80 % producible products «Belaruskali», «Uralkali» and «Silvinite» have problems with the transport of fertilizers in Brazil, India, China. Therefore for the increase of competitiveness of these enterprises it is necessary to develop an effective logistic chain which would take into account their geopolitical features.
Competitiveness of a mining enterprise has a dynamic character which defines a necessity to evaluate a potential of competitiveness at the moment and in the future. The evaluation of competitiveness’ potential has to be systematic, to engulf different levels which are differentiated by interval of evaluation, information sources, evaluation base, methods and results. The method of evaluation of basic indices of competitiveness’ potential is presented in this paper. The calculation of operation and dynamic competitiveness’ potential of JSC “Uralkali” and JSC “Silvinit” for 2007 year was made and the interpretation of received results was given.
Для эффективного управления деятельностью предприятия необходимо разработать объективный метод ее оценки. Изложена методика определения потенциала конкурентоспособности. Отличие данного метода от широко используемого метода определения конкурентоспособности, а также его большая объективность представлены на примере предприятий калийной промышленности ОАО «Сильвинит» и ОАО «Уралкалий».
Development of the modern enterprise and duly prevention of internal and external threats of its existence demand «diagnosis» and an estimation of its economic condition which can form a basis for acceptance of strategic administrative decisions in order to increase economic efficiency and competitiveness. The estimation of competitiveness of the company is necessary for the effective investment of resources and elaboration of competitive strategy of the organization, that is why it represents the major economic task. The estimation of potential competitiveness of the Russian Federation’s potash companies in 2006 shows excess of the majority of parameters of the Join Stock Company «Silvinit» over the same parameters of the Join Stock Company «Uralkali». The account of prognosis dynamics of competitiveness parameters of the companies for 5 years proclaims the significant potential of competitiveness of JSC «Uralkali».
Ranked fourth in the world in terms of capitalization, the energy company Total sees Russia as a country of great opportunities, possessing a huge share of global hydrocarbon reserves and as a potential partner for foreign companies. Representing a positive example of foreign policy, Total attaches great importance to the reputation gained on the world stage. To penetrate foreign markets, the concern develops social programs including cultural, educational and environmental projects. Undoubtedly, such a policy is an important condition for successful business. The paper gives a brief overview of Total's activities, its projects, and social policy in Russia.
«We, undoubtedly, are the last generation which is capable of stopping the destruction of the living world before it is too late», Jacques Chirac, President of the Republic of Frаnce. According to the report of the World Commission of the United Nations on the problems of environment and development of «steady development is the development adequate to needs of the present, not depriving the future generations of an opportunity to answer their own needs». Steady development is a policy and strategies that aim at maintaining the economic and social development. Thus, taking care of the environment, mankind does not lose natural resources necessary for its activity. The paper outlines the term «steady development» as well as economic methods of its achievement.