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Vol 187
Pages:
151-159
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Mathematical simulation of emergency situations arising at storage and treatment of potential hazard chemical substances

Authors:
Yu. V. Sharikov1
I. N. Beloglazov2
About authors
  • 1 — Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute (Technical University)
  • 2 — Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute (Technical University)
Date submitted:
2009-09-01
Date accepted:
2009-11-21
Date published:
2010-03-01

Abstract

Possible reasons arising destroying of storage and apparatuses for potential hazard materials have been analyzed. Thermal explosion has been indicated as one of most impotent reasons of destroying chemical reactors and storages. Basic equations for describing of this phenomena have been evaluated for different type geometry and conditions of heat exchange on outside surface. Numerical procedures have been proposed and tested for solving and analyzing of evaluated equations with using special program package ThermEx. Processes of evaluation arising clouds of hazard substances have been considered. Basic mathematical equations have been proposed for analyze of considered processes. The procedure for solving of considered problems has been proposed and tested on base of special program package ReactOp.

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References

  1. Бенин А.И. Автоматизированная система исследований теплового взрыва химико-технологических процессов / А.И.Бенин, А.И.Коссой, Ю.В.Шариков // Журнал ВХО им.Д.И.Менделеева. 1990. № 4.
  2. Левич В.Г. Физико-химическая гидродинамика. М., 1959.
  3. Маршалл В. Основные опасности химических производств. М., 1989.
  4. Франк-Каменецкий Д.А. Диффузия и теплопередача в химической кинетике. М., 1987.

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