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Vol 239
Pages:
520
Download volume:

A Modern View of Anomalies in the Metal Groups of the Periodic System of D.I.Mendeleev

Authors:
V. Yu. Bazhin1
T. A. Aleksandrova2
E. L. Kotova3
A. P. Suslov4
About authors
  • 1 — Saint-Petersburg Mining University
  • 2 — Saint-Petersburg Mining University
  • 3 — Saint-Petersburg Mining University
  • 4 — Saint-Petersburg Mining University
Date submitted:
2019-05-12
Date accepted:
2019-07-22
Date published:
2019-10-27

Abstract

The article is devoted to the 150 th anniversary of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements by D.I.Mendeleev. The fundamental law of nature, discovered by D.I.Mendeleev has anomalies and paradoxes associated with certain groups of metals. When studying the physical and chemical properties of complex metal compounds, many discrepancies can be found, namely, the location of elements in groups, which primarily relate to metals with different valences. By studying the approaches and methods for predicting the arrangement of chemical elements, it can be established that D.I.Men deleev eliminated many differences for some metals during the formation of the Periodic system of chemical elements. D.I.Mendeleev developed a principle that excludes such errors when finding and discovering new elements. Analytical studies conducted by a Russian scientist helped to calculate the atomic masses and describe the properties of three ele ments not known at that time – «eka-boron», «eka-silicon», «eka-aluminum», the existence of which was proved and confirmed by subsequent discoveries of scandium, germanium, boron, and gallium. The paper provides a significant as sessment of the forecasting of metals in various groups of the periodic system. Changes in the properties of some metals significantly influenced their location in the table of D.I.Mendeleev.

10.31897/pmi.2019.5.520
Go to volume 239

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