The Russian Far East is one of the problem areas where acute issues such as the modernization of the industrial infrastructure (especially transport), lack of qualified personnel, regional development disparities. Sakhalin Region is one of the most developed oil and gas region of the Far East. On the scale of foreign investment Sakhalin oil and gas projects are unique to Russia. These projects have a significant impact on the development of many other sectors of the economy, as: the construction, trade, finance, and services in the Sakhalin region and the Far East. The paper analyzes the main socioeconomic effects of the region in the implementation of the Sakhalin-1 and 2, which are the first large-scale development projects of the Russian shelf with foreign investment.
To improve the efficiency of the mining sector of the Leningrad Region it is necessary to conduct cadastral valuation of commonly occurring minerals deposits. The article describes a method of cadastral valuation of sand or sand-gravel deposits, and the procedure of determining the minimum and the initial payments for the auction. The most interesting objects for the auction and investments to the exploration and mining on the basis of cadastral valuation is about 50 deposits of sand and sand and gravel deposits of Leningrad region.
The basic problems of the Russian diamond-mining industry development in modern economic conditions are: instability of diamond production demand; necessity of significant investments (180 billion dollars) for construction new mines and modernization of enterprises; unstable position of lapidary and jeweler branches; inefficient state regulation; necessity to increase the financing of geological prospecting works. Demonopolization of the diamond market has led to competition strengthening between independent manufacturers. In this connection, prospects of the Russian diamond-mining industry development directly connected with its competitiveness. The analysis of the Russian diamond-mining industry competitiveness has shown presence of its stable and steady position in the world market and favorable development prospects. Steady development of the diamond-mining company in the long term depends on its ability to predict and flexibly react to changing conditions of an external environment, to keep and get new competitive advantages.
In the article the foundation of borrowings into the Russian language, is analyzed, the reasons of some borrowings, into the Russian jurisprudence are researched, the continuity and innovation in the usage of juridical terms is revealed.
The diamond mining industry occupies an important place in the Russian economy. In this regard, it is of great importance to increase the investment activity of promising foreign projects consisting in the construction and reconstruction of existing diamond mining enterprises. The article analyzes the diamond market, indicates the main prospects and trends of its development, considers the basic methodology for assessing the effectiveness of investment projects, and evaluates the effectiveness of investment projects to increase ore production using economically significant criteria.