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Vol 159 No 2
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Environmental and economic assessment of the environmental impact of mining enterprises

N. V. Pashkevich1
L. S. Sinkov2
E. L. Solodkov3
About authors
  • 1 — Professor G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute
  • 2 — Associate Professor G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute
  • 3 — G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute
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The main methods for assessing the environmental and economic impact of mining enterprises on the environment are considered. The classification of the currently existing methods is given. The disadvantages of the existing typical methods of assessment of environmental damage are analyzed and recommendations on the use of various methods as a combined method are given. An example of assessment of ecological and economic damage of the impact of the Krasny Bor toxic waste landfill is offered. A combined method was used in calculations, which made it possible to determine the annual environmental damage in the amount of 151 million rubles. Based on the calculations it is recommended to implement measures to reduce the impact of the landfill on the environment.

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  1. Временная типовая методика определения экономической эффективности осуществления природоохранных мероприятий и оценки экономического ущерба, причиненного народному хозяйству загрязнением окружающей среды / Госплан СССР. М., 1986.
  2. Голуб А.А. Экономика природопользования: Учеб. пособие / А.А.Голуб, Е.Б.Струкова. М.: Аспект-Пресс, 1995.
  3. Пахомова Н.В. Экономика природопользования и охраны окружающей среды: Учеб. пособие / Н.В.Пахомова, К.К.Рихтер. СПб., Изд-во Санкт-Петербургского ун-та, 2001.
  4. Пашкевич М.А. Техногенные массивы и их воздействие на окружающую среду. СПб: Наука, 2000.
  5. Плющ Л.М. Минимизация экологического ущерба путем очистки гальванических отходов полигона «Красный Бор» // Записки Горного института. СПб, 2002. Т.150. Ч.2.

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