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Vol 189
Pages:
19
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Ingineering geological problems of high-rise construction with underground space development in Saint-Petersburg

Authors:
R. E. Dashko1
A. M. Zhukova2
About authors
  • 1 — Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute (Technical University)
  • 2 — Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute (Technical University)
Date submitted:
2010-07-28
Date accepted:
2010-09-30
Date published:
2011-01-01

Abstract

The history of high-rise construction is considered summarily. The main features of high-rise buildings and difficulties connected with theirs engineering and construction especially with underground space development and deep excavations in soft water saturated soils are characterized. Territorial construction guides «Residential and social high-rise buildings» prevail in Saint-Petersburg are analyzed in the context of recommendations for reliable basement choice. Brief description of Pre-Quanernary clays (Upper Vendian clays and Lower Cambrian clays) as basement for high-rise constructions are given. It is placed emphasis that the main feature of Pre-Quaternary clays is zone sequence of physical and mechanical properties and fissuring in depth. Physical and mechanical properties of Upper Vendian clays, Lower Cambrian clays and glacial clays are given. In addition, it is confirmed that glacial soils is not recommended to use as a basement for high-rise buildings.

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References

  1. Гудман Р.Е. Механика скальных пород: Пер. с анг. М.: Стройиздат, 1987.
  2. Дашко Р.Э. Инженерно-геологическая оценка морен Санкт-Петербурга как прочных и устойчивых отложений – миф или реальность? / Р.Э.Дашко, О.Ю.Александ-рова, А.В.Шидловская // Сергеевские чтения: Материалы годичной сессии научного совета РАН по проблемам геоэкологии, инженерной геологии и гидрогеологии / ГЕОС. М., 2010.
  3. Дашко Р.Э. Инженерно-геологические особенности коренных глин Санкт-Петербурга как среды для размещения подземных сооружений / Р.Э.Дашко, А.А.Еремеева // Материалы Международного симпозиума «Инженерно-геологические проблемы урбанизированных территорий». Екатеринбург, 2001. Т.1.

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