Submit an Article
Become a reviewer
Vol 218
Pages:
313
Download volume:

Ecological aspects of vehicle tunnels ventilation in the conditions of megalopolises

Authors:
S. G. Gendler
About authors
  • Saint-Petersburg Mining University
Date submitted:
2015-08-17
Date accepted:
2015-10-25
Date published:
2016-02-01

Abstract

The characteristic of Russia and foreign vehicle tunnels are provided in paper and advantages of their placement in the conditions of the city are noted. It is shown that one of the main factors defining negative impact on environment in the period of tunnels driving is mine equipment, and at operation – vehicles. The analysis of essential differences of features of pollution of atmospheric air at construction of tunnels from its pollution at construction of buildings on a surface is given. The examples illustrating levels of negative impact of the upcast ventilation shaft airflow on atmospheric air are given and the ventilation schemes reducing this influence are offered. It is shown that during operation of road tunnels of pollution of the air environment can extend on considerable distances from tunnel portals. Numerical calculations of concentration of carbon oxides and nitrogen during removal of the upcast ventilation shaft airflow through portals and through the mines built near them are executed. Technical solutions on purifications of tunnel air by means of electrostatic filters are described.

Go to volume 218

References

  1. Гендлер С.Г. Оценка загрязнения атмосферного воздуха при строительстве и эксплуатации транспортных тоннелей / С.Г.Гендлер, В.А.Рогалев // Записки Горного института. 2012. Т.195. С.152-155.
  2. Гендлер С.Г. Оценка загрязнения атмосферы при эксплуатации транспортных тоннелей / С.Г.Гендлер, Е.И.Домпальм, А.Ю.Котомина // Горный информационный бюллетень. 2009. № 5. С.377-381.
  3. Anderl H., Henning J.E. Ceiling mounted air filtration techology used fof longitudinal ventilation / BHRg. 9th Inter-national Symposium Aerodynamics and Ventilation Tunnels. Aosta. Italy. 1997. P.981-991.
  4. Pucher K. Purification processes for tunnel air / BHRg. 9th International Symposium Aerodynamics and Ventilation Tunnels. Aosta, Italy, 1997. P.961-968.
  5. Atmospheric dispersion characteristics of polluted air from the portal of an urban road tunnel / I.Yoshizawa, K.Limura, H.Tanabe, K.Horiuchi / BHRg 8th International Symposium Aerodynamics and Ventilation Tunnels. Liverpool. UK. Scotland. 1994. P.791-808.

Similar articles

Multicriteria estimation of bearing capacity of geomaterials
2016 I. A. Brigadnov
Problems development of the offshore oil and gas fields deposits
2016 V. M. Vasiltsova
Analysis of charge space distribution influence on electric adhesion forces
2016 N. S. Pshchelko
The method for synthesis of power supply system topology of mineral resources enterprises on the basis of logical and probabilistic assessments
2016 B. N. Abramovich, S. V. Baburin
Processing of alumina production red mud with recovery of scandium concentrate
2016 I. N. Pyagai, V. L. Kozhevnikov, L. A. Pasechnik, V. M. Skachkov
Vibrodiagnostics of the technical state slurry pumps
2016 V. I. Aleksandrov, Irzhi Sobota