In 2023, Empress Catherine II Saint Petersburg Mining University – the first higher technical educational institution in Russia – turns 250 years. Any significant anniversary is an occasion to look back, analyze and evaluate the way traveled. The article analyzes the main achievements of the Mining University on the basis of statistical material from the moment of the foundation of the Mining School to the present day: educational and pedagogical experience in the education and training of mining specialists, scientific and technical intelligentsia; the outstanding contribution of its scientists, graduates to the establishment and development of the mineral resource complex of Russia, in strengthening the country's defense power, the creation of scientific schools. The first part of the article provides data on the number of graduates for different periods of the history of the university, shows the dynamics of their number growth, the peculiarities of learning. According to the authors, over 250 years, about 99 thousand engineers and mining specialists have been prepared in the university. The second part of the article is devoted to the characteristics of the teaching staff, in which a special place is occupied by his favorites, who have become outstanding scientists, academicians and corresponding members of the Academies of Sciences. Those of them who have devoted more than a dozen years of their lives to teaching within the walls of the university are noted. The final part shows the main scientific achievements of the university: the organization of scientific societies, the development of scientific schools, research institutes, etc. About 200 graduates of the Mining University have been awarded State Prizes for their contribution to the development of science and technology. The work of dissertation councils was noted, in which more than 5 thousand dissertations have been defended since 1943.
The article is dedicated to the 250th anniversary of Freiberg Mining Academy, the oldest European higher technical education institution with the mining specialization. It is an established fact that the roots of cooperation between Russian and German mining en-gineers go back to the time of Peter the Great, and which was later maintained as exemplified by the Demidovs, the dynasty of leading Russian metallurgical works owners. In terms of science, a signifi-cant contribution was made both by leading mining science experts of Freiberg and by their disciple M.V.Lomonosov, a great Russian scientist. The article focuses on the links between the Mining Academy and St Petersburg Mining School, which was founded a little later and became the first higher technical education institution in Russia. It gives numerous examples of professional de-velopment of Russian mining specialists who had practical training in Freiberg. The conclusion reviews the relations between the two education institutions over the last decades and identifies their prospects.
The article covers the role of school of science in the development of innovative processes concerning coordination of humanities teaching in a technical institutions.
The article is dedicated to the problem of training mining engineers during the most difficult Soviet period. The problem was solved with foundation of new educational institution as well as reorganization of functional ones primarily Mining Institute. Reformation of universities was justified sometimes not. Disadvantage of reformation was repression to highly qualified specialists of mining. Personnel problem was solved that allowed to increase coal and oil extraction.
This article presents a brief analysis of the leadership of the Mining Institute, covering the entire history of its existence. Attention is drawn to the average term of leadership of the Institute by all 45 directors, to their role in the life of the state with an indication of the most significant positions, to their great contribution to world and national science. Special emphasis is placed on the fact that 26 of the 45 directors of the Institute were its graduates, each of whom in one way or another strived for its improvement.
The paper involved deals with the development of geology at the university beginning with the second half of the XIX century when three departments of this profile were established. Special attention is paid to the petrographic school that has been founded by the first university professor of geology AA Inostrantsev and has been further carried on by his students and followers up to present time. It also makes reference to a great contribution of geologists during the time of the Great Patriotic War as well as mention is made of the oil field discovery by the graduates of the Institute that has been highly appreciated by the state administration.