The paper discusses the geochemistry of major (EPMA) and trace (SIMS) elements in olivine of porphyritic, nonporphyritic chondrules, and the matrix of equilibrated ordinary chondrite Saratov (L4). Olivine corresponds to forsterite and is rather heterogeneous (Fo 73-77). No differences in the content of the major elements in the olivine of the chondrule and the matrix of the meteorite were found. However, the content of major and trace elements in olivine within chondrules varies considerably; high values found in olivine from barred chondrules. Olivine from porphyritic chondrules and the matrix of the Saratov meteorite have similar concentrations of trace elements. High concentrations of refractory (Zr, Y, Al) and moderately volatile (Sr and Ba) trace elements in barred olivine chondrule indicate the chondrule melt formation due to the melting of precursor minerals and its rapid cooling in the protoplanetary disk, which is consistent with the experimental data. The olivine of the chondrules center of the Saratov meteorite differs from the olivine of the chondrules rims and meteorite matrix by the increased values of the Yb/La ratio. No relict grains and magnesian cores of olivine were found in meteorite chondrules. Individual grains in the chondrules are distinguished by their enrichment in trace elements relative to the rest of the olivine grains in the chondrule.