A method for predicting the stress-strain state of the lining of underground structures, the shape of the cross-section of which is different from the circular outline, is considered. The main task of the study is to develop a methodology for assessing the influence of the parameters of the cross-section shape of underground structures on the stress state of the lining. To solve this problem, a method for calculating the stress state of the lining for arched tunnels with a reverse arch and quasi-rectangular forms is substantiated and developed. The methodology was tested, which showed that the accuracy of the prediction of the stress state of the lining is sufficient to perform practical calculations. An algorithm for multivariate analysis of the influence of the cross-sectional shape of underground structures of arched and quasi-rectangular shapes on the stress state of the lining is proposed. Parametric calculations were performed using the developed algorithm and regularities of the formation of the stress state of the lining of underground structures for various engineering and geological conditions, as well as the initial stress state field, were obtained. A quantitative assessment of the influence of geometric parameters of tunnels on their stress-strain state was performed.
The article proposes a method for predicting the stress-strain state of the vertical shaft lining in saliferous rocks at the drift landing section. The paper considers the development of geomechanical processes in the saliferous rock in the landing area, the support is viewed as a two-layer medium: the inner layer is concrete, the outer layer is compensation material. With this in view, the paper solves the problem of continuum mechanics in a spatial setting, taking into account the long-term deformation of salts and the compressibility of the compensation layer. Long-term deformation of saliferous rocks is described using the viscoplastic model of salt deformation into the numerical model, and the crushable foam model to simulate the deformation of the compensation layer. This approach considers all stages of the deformation of the compensation layer material and the development of long-term deformations of saliferous rocks, which makes it possible to increase the reliability of the forecast of the stress-strain state of the vertical shaft lining.