The main characteristics of the concept of mining-industrial complex (MIC) are defined. The general organizational principles developed in the framework of the functional theory of organization are accepted as signs of the objective existence of the mining-industrial complex as a specific production-economic system. The functional principles of organization are formulated in relation to the Mining and Industrial Complex and the conclusion is made about the legitimacy of its representation as a production-economic system.
In the conditions of market economy, the increase of efficiency of production in the mining industry is possible on the basis of perfection and development of the economic mechanism of rational use of mineral resources. One of the main objects of research in this case is the tax system, which is explained by its key importance for the effective process of development of the potential of mineral resources. The most important direction of improving the tax system in the mining industry is the transition to the rent principle of taxation, allowing to link the taxes transferred by mining enterprises to the budget, with the economic efficiency of mining production. Recommendations on improving the taxation system for enterprises of the Russian coal industry have been developed. They are used for economic assessment of the project of development and technical re-equipment of mines of the Vorkuta industrial district for the period up to 2015.
The problem of rational use of natural resources and environmental protection in the mining and processing of minerals is considered as a task of improving the efficiency of environmental management, which is explained by the importance of this problem for the stabilization of economic development of the country and the formation of prerequisites for economic growth. The realization of a rational approach to nature management in the conditions of market relations is based on the financial and investment strategy, which assumes the possibility of using the financial resources of the trust fund, formed at the expense of deductions of subjects of nature management from the natural rent.
The problems of rational use of natural resources and environmental protection in the extraction and processing of mineral raw materials and natural resource potential are considered. Also considered the economic assessment of the consequences of the negative impact on the environment, evaluation of the effectiveness of environmental control. The economic estimation of natural resources is considered as a part of the problem of determining the economic efficiency of all social production. In all this, the most promising is the rent method. It is well combined with the system of market categories and is adequate to market relations. The feasibility study of the field development project is the basis for calculating the mining rent, and the calculation of the size of the rent is based on the assessment of cash flows. Assessment of economic consequences of anthropogenic impact on the environment serves to determine the efficiency of nature management system, justification of nature management strategy and directions of nature protection activity. The criterion of efficiency of environmental protection activities at mining enterprises is the achievement of regulatory requirements and environmental cleanliness with minimal expenditures of resources. The effectiveness of control over the use of natural resources is evaluated in order to improve the economic mechanism of rational use of natural resources. The main objects of research here are the tax system and the investment base of nature management. Priority directions of nature management and basic principles of nature management economy in modern conditions are formulated.
Предлагаемый концептуальный подход к освоению минерально-сырьевых ресурсов Севера и Северо-Востока России представляет собой стратегию комплексной разработки недр, основанную на природных и социально-эконо ических условиях с учетом, технико-технологических и экологических факторов освоения. Сформулированы основ ные направления исследований .
Законом Российской Федерации "О недрах" вводится ряд принципиально новых положений в области недропользования. Так, предусмотрено введение платежей за недра, размер которых будет определяться размерами участков недр, предоставляемых в пользование, количеством и качеством полезных ископаемых (ПИ) и иными свойствами, определяющими ценность недр ...