The question of magnesium oxide application for purification of aluminate liquors of aluminous production is in a complex considered. The two-phasic process is offered for providing of magnesium hydrocarbo- and sulfuraluminates formation by interaction of magnesium oxide with aluminate liquors under conditions, corresponding to parameters of aluminous production. High sorption activity of received compounds is defined with reference to organic substances of aluminate liquors.
Sharp selectivity of hydrocarboaluminates of caustic-earth metals and magnesium oxide in relation to the most dangerous classes of the organic substances playing defining role in decrease in extent of decomposition level and deterioration of produced alumina properties– humic, carboxylic acids and high-molecular organic compounds are defined. Soda is good for humic acids sorption (about 40 %) also is inefficient for removal of carboxylic acids and high-molecular compounds. Harmful groups of organic substances generally provide chromaticity of aluminate liquors. The photometric analysis states an objective assessment of the content of the painted organic substances in relation to their initial quantity in aluminates liquors.
The behavior of impurities – colored organic compounds (COC) in aluminate liquors of Bayer process during electrolysis treatment was investigated. Experimental data for the impact of various technological parameters and conditions are found to reduce the content of COC to 50-80 %.
Calcium hydrosulfasaluminates (GSAK) is a component of cement. They are slowly formed together with the forming of the structure of cement in water solution at measurable temperatures (0-25 °C) during about 4-6 months. Slow rate of crystallization of GSAK wasn`t allowed to treat them as self-autonomy objects for use in various technological applications. The possibility of formation of GSAK (4CaO×Al 2 O 3 ×mSO 3 ×nH 2 O) is proved in an environment of saturated electrolytes – aluminates solutions of alumina production. They crystallize in a short time about 1-2 hours and retain their stability in long time about 24-36 hours. This allowed for us to identify ways of their industrial use.