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Vol 154
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Analysis of the constitution of mineral individuals and aggregates in order to create a basis for reducing the loss of useful components and environmental impact assessment in the development of ore deposits

Yu. B. Marin1
Yu. L. Gulbin2
V. V. Smolenskii3
V. O. Ilchenko4
A. A. Savichev5
About authors
  • 1 — G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University
  • 2 — G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University
  • 3 — G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University
  • 4 — G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University
  • 5 — G.V. Plekhanov Saint Petersburg Mining University
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The main objects of the research were the deposits of noble and non-ferrous metals of the Urals, Siberia and Novaya Zemlya. It is shown that the establishment of a pomineral balance of distribution of chemical elements in ores, the study of variability of the material composition and stereometric features of ores in the geological space is extremely important to solve the problems of rational use of ore deposits and the prediction of environmental consequences of their development. When assessing the environmental impact of the deposits involved in the exploration and exploitation, both the regularities of distribution of toxic elements and minerals in the volumes of ore bodies and fields, and landscape-geochemical conditions determining the factors of migration and accumulation of these components after their extraction on the earth surface should be taken into account. For geological-economic and environmental forecasting it is necessary to accumulate materials on the distribution of impurity elements, sometimes not playing a role in assessing the industrial importance of deposits, but leading to the emergence of various man-made geochemical anomalies in areas of exploration and mining operations, as well as the formation of man-made deposits in places of waste storage of concentration plants and metallurgical plants.

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  1. Бродская Р.Л. Проблемы моделирования внутреннего строения упорядоченных и равновесных минералого-петрографических систем / Р.Л.Бродская, Ю.Б.Марин // Записки ВМО. 2001. Вып.6. С.1-15.
  2. Губина Т.А. Изменчивость состава и морфологии сфалерита из полиметаллических проявлений Новой Земли // Записки ВМО. 2000. Выл.2. С.59-64.
  3. Золотые руды месторождения Олимпиада (Енисейский кряж, Сибирь) / А.Д.Генкин, В.А.Лопатин, Р.А.Савельев, Ю.Г.Сафонов, Н.Б.Сергеев, А.Л.Керзин, А.И.Цепин, Х.Амшутц, З.Б.Афанасьева, Ф.Вагнер, Г.Ф.Иванова // Геология рудных месторождений. 1994. Т.З. № 2. С.111-136.
  4. Иванов Г.И. Миграция токсичных элементов в системе месторождение-река-залив-море / Г.И.Иванов, А.П.Каленич, А.В.Ласточкин // Вековые изменения морских экосистем Арктики / Климат, морской перигляциал, биопродуктивность / КНЦ РАН. Апатиты, 2001. С.203-221.

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