In recent times the problems of tolerance are paid more and more attention worldwide. In the article the situation developing in the European countries is being considered, the attitude of Europeans is being analysed, first of all, Germans, to migrants and people of other religions and nationalities occupying European countries and formation of modern legislative base on this matter is reviewed.
Significance of intellectual capital considerably increases in a market economy. Intellectual capital of a company includes human capital, organizational capital and consumer capital, which interact with each other and ensure the effective functioning of companies and give them a competitive advantage in the market. The article reveals the structure of intellectual capital of companies FEC as well as approaches to its assessment. The authors also demonstrate the need to maintain the intellectual capital and propose mechanisms of its development.