Submit an Article
Become a reviewer
Vol 210
Download volume:

Preliminary preparation of oil for primary processing

N. K. Kondrasheva1
O. A. Dubovikov2
I. I. Ivanov3
O. V. Zyryanova4
About authors
  • 1 — National Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
  • 2 — National Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
  • 3 — National Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
  • 4 — National Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
Date submitted:
Date accepted:
Date published:


Oil supplied for primary processing always undergoes preliminary preparation, the purpose of which is to eliminate the harmful effect of water and salt contained in the oil. It is thought that corrosion of the equipment is connected mainly with chlorides of magnesium and calcium, which are subjected to hydrolysis with the formation of hydrochloric acid. Under the influence of hydrochloric acid the destruction (corrosion) of metal equipment at technological plants occurs (especially refrigerating-condensing and heatexchange equipment, furnaces of rectification units etc.).  The authors of the article, on the basis of thermodynamic calculations, provide their point of view on this process and give a methodology by which the process of preliminary oil dehydration and desalting can be controlled.  The thermodynamic calculations executed for standard conditions on the basis of refer-enced data confirm a high probability of chemical interaction of iron with hydrogen ions, hy-drogen sulphide and especially with carbonic acid. This testifies to high activity of the carbon dioxide dissolved in water and the impossibility of hydrolysis of ions of magnesium, calcium and iron. The calculations show that only the hydrolysis of magnesium chloride is possible tak-ing into account the ionic composition of the water phase in the oil. It should be noted that the presence of ions of chlorine shifts the iron potential in a nega-tive direction and increases the speed of corrosion of petrochemical equipment. The solution of this problem is in the development of modern methods of crude oil dehydration and desalting. It is also, however, in an intensification of the processes of mixing water-oil emulsions with wash-ing water by using various physical fields (for example, ultrasound) and creating new effective mixing devices on the basis of them.

Go to volume 210


  1. Ахметов А.Ф. Основы нефтепереработки: Учеб. пособие / А.Ф.Ахметов, Н.К.Кондрашева, Е.В.Герасимова. СПб: Недра, 2012. Т.4. 280 с.
  2. Ахметов А.Ф. Технология глубокой переработки нефти и газа: Учеб. пособие для вузов. СПб: Недра, 2013. 544 с.
  3. Баннов П.Г. Процессы переработки нефти: Учеб.-метод. пособие. 2-е изд., перераб. и доп. СПб: Химиздат, 2009. 368 с.
  4. Баннов П.Г. Процессы переработки нефти. М.: КНИИТЭнефтехим, 2000. 224 с.
  5. Берестовой А.М. Жидкостные экстракторы / А.М.Берестовой, И.Н.Белоглазов. Л.: Химия, 1982. 208 с.
  6. Крюков В.А. Глубокое обезвоживание нефти и очистка пластовой воды / В.А.Крюков, А.Н.Аминов, Е.В.Виноградов // Нефтегазовое хозяйство. 1999. № 3. С.36-39.
  7. Мановян А.К. Технология первичной переработки нефти и природного газа: Учеб. пособие для вузов. М.:
  8. Химия, 2001. 568 с.
  9. Никитин Ю.М. Диагностика предварительного обезвоживания нефти / Ю.М.Никитин, М.Н.Персиянцев, И.И.Редькин // Нефтяное хозяйство. 1995. № 8. С.13-17.
  10. Сюняев З.И. Нефтяные дисперсные системы / З.И.Сюняев, Р.З.Сафиева, Р.З.Сюняев. М.: Химия, 1990. 226 с.
  11. Тронов В.П. Промысловая подготовка нефти. Казань: Изд-во Фэн, 2000. 418 с.
  12. Чухарева Н.В. Коррозионные повреждения при транспорте скважинной продукции / Н.В.Чухарева, Р.Н.Абрамова, Л.М.Болсуновская. Томск: Изд-во Томского политех. ун-та, 2009. 64 с.

Similar articles

Topical issues of the management of extraction of underground waters on the territory of the Russian Federation
2014 N. V. Pashkevich, E. I. Golovina
The development of ideas for improving explosive destruction of rock masses – the basis of progress in mining
2014 S. D. Viktorov, V. M. Zakalinskii
Informational support for prompt project management of microfault exploration
2014 V. V. Nazimko
Properties of electric arc furnace dust and methods of utilizing it
2014 M. A. Pashkevich, T. A. Lytaeva
The study of structural features of outburst coal seams
2014 V. N. Zakharov, O. N. Malinnikova
Unique engineering and technology for drilling boreholes in Antarctic ice
2014 Vladimir S. Litvinenko