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Vol 233

Geology
  • Date submitted
    2018-10-24
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

SCIENTIFIC AND METHODICAL APPROACHES TO INCREASE PROSPECTING EFFICIENCY OF THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC SHELF STATE GEOLOGICAL MAPPING

A rationale for the set of theoretical and methodological techniques of mapping and deep modeling in the Russian Arctic shelf and adjacent sedimentary basins in continental Russia is based on the materials for the Barents and Kara Seas region. This article provides the factual basis of the research and shows how to apply zonal-block model of the crust and generalized models of geodynamic settings in terms of the different geophysical data inconsistency. The necessity and approach for global and regional paleo-reconstructions are also discussed. It is shown that localization of the principal structural and compositional units of the lithosphere being a consequence of geodynamic processes at the boundaries of lithospheric plates, form at the basis of sedimentary cover and crystalline basement layered maps as well as cross-sections of the continental crust. The identified parameters of the deep structure and milestones of the regional tectonic history open new opportunities to explore the regularities of ore deposits distribution. The shown example of the forecast and metallogeny problems solution within Western Siberia and Khatanga-Vilyui petroleum provinces is made using the parameters of known industrial oil and gas fields for training the pattern recognition system.

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A. S. Egorov, I. Yu. Vinokurov, A. N. Telegin (2018) SCIENTIFIC AND METHODICAL APPROACHES TO INCREASE PROSPECTING EFFICIENCY OF THE RUSSIAN ARCTIC SHELF STATE GEOLOGICAL MAPPING. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 447. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.447
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2017-09-12
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

MULTIVARIANCE OF THE VELOCITY MODEL FOR STRUCTURAL PLOTTING BASED ON SEISMIC AND BOREHOLE DATA

The paper discusses the peculiarities of structural modelling (forecast of the depths of the reflecting horizons) based on the seismic and drilling data system. Seismic data are represented by vertical time values and the stacking velocity of borehole data that are the depth marks of the reflecting horizons. Vertical time and the depth of the reflecting horizons are bound by the equation of average velocity but the average velocity is not determined in a seismic experiment, therefore an issue of choosing a velocity model of a complex natural object arises. The task of structural modelling is solved by the selection of formal expressions containing correlations between the parameters of the underlying model and kinematic parameters of the wave field. The optimal decision on model selection is determined by the minimum discrepancy between the predicted and actual values of the depth of the sample boreholes. A practical example shows possible variants of the interpretation model. An inverse kinematic problem on converting the vertical time of the reflected waves at the depth of horizons is solved in each production report on the results of seismic work and is probably the most common objective of seismic exploration. Considering the variety of research objects and the apparent obviousness of the solution, this topic is underrepresented in scientific literature.

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A. P. Sysoev (2018) MULTIVARIANCE OF THE VELOCITY MODEL FOR STRUCTURAL PLOTTING BASED ON SEISMIC AND BOREHOLE DATA. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 459. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.459
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2018-03-11
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

HYDRAULIC TRANSPORTATION OF THICKENED TAILINGS OF IRON ORE PROCESSING AT KACHKANARSKY GOK BASED ON RESULTS OF LABORATORY AND PILOT TESTS OF HYDROTRANSPORT SYSTEM

The object of study is the system of hydrotransport of iron ore processing tailings at JSC «EVRAZ Kachkanarsky GOK». The aim of the work was to determine the parameters of the hydraulic transport of tailings of the iron ore enrichment at weight concentrations of the solid phase from 30 to 70 % and to develop recommendations for the industrial operation of hydraulic transport systems of highly concentrated slurries of the Tailing Facilities of the Kachkanarsky GOK. Laboratory studies of the parameters of hydrotransport of thickened tail pulps were carried out with the development of a calculation method; pilot tests of the hydrotransport system under the conditions of the Tailing Facilities of the Kachkanarsky GOK. It has been established that using polyurethane coatings on the inner surface of the slurry lines significantly (1.75 times) decrease the specific pressure loss on the hydrotransport of thickened fluids. This allows to significantly increase the range of transportation for placing tailings in the distant parts of the storage zone. The introduction of research results is in the project of reconstruction and development of the tailing facility of the TF of the Kachkanarsky GOK for the period 2018-2020. It is proposed to use the results of work in the project of reconstruction of the hydraulic transport system at the TF of the Kachkanarsky GOK by switching to the hydraulic transport of slurries thickened to weight concentrations of 35-40 % in the slurry pipes with an internal polyurethane coating, which will ensure energy saving in the hydraulic transport process.

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V. I. Aleksandrov, M. A. Vasil'eva (2018) HYDRAULIC TRANSPORTATION OF THICKENED TAILINGS OF IRON ORE PROCESSING AT KACHKANARSKY GOK BASED ON RESULTS OF LABORATORY AND PILOT TESTS OF HYDROTRANSPORT SYSTEM. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 471. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.471
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2018-01-23
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

METHOD FOR FORECAST OF SURFACE DEFORMATION DURING EXCAVATION OPERATIONS IN RESTRAINT URBAN CONDITIONS USING THE SLURRY TRENCH TECHNIQUE

The article suggests the method for forecast of surface deformation during excavation operations in restraint urban conditions using the slurry trench technique based on FEM simulation. The results of numerical simulation of the construction of a semi-underground structure with slurry trench technique are given. The regularities of the change in the stress-strain state are determined depending on the trench parameters and the physical-mechanical properties of the soils. The work presents the troughs of surface subsidence during the construction of an excavation using the slurry trench technique, the diagrams of bending moments, transverse and longitudinal forces arising in the trench. Numerical experiments in Plaxis 2D and 3D were performed to estimate the discrepancy between modeling results in a plane and volumetric formulation of the problem.

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P. A. Demenkov, L. A. Goldobina, O. V. Trushko (2018) METHOD FOR FORECAST OF SURFACE DEFORMATION DURING EXCAVATION OPERATIONS IN RESTRAINT URBAN CONDITIONS USING THE SLURRY TRENCH TECHNIQUE. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 480. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.480
Oil and gas
  • Date submitted
    2018-03-07
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

JUSTIFICATION OF REPRESENTATIVE DATA VOLUME OF POROSITY AND PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES FOR OBTAINING STATISTICALLY RELIABLE PETROPHYSICAL CONNECTIONS

The article discusses the issues of justifying the data volume for a petrophysical description of an object based on the results of traditional laboratory measurements, as well as X-ray tomography data processing. A new approach to the calculation of porosity and permeability properties of reservoirs with the data of the X-ray tomography method by forming an array of virtual cubes is considered. The issues of required number of allocated cubes for fluid dynamics modeling are discussed. The criteria for the number of laboratory measurements and virtual cubes derived from a digital model for obtaining statistically reliable petrophysical connections are shown. Paper concludes that it is necessary to correctly compare the calculated and laboratory petrophysical connections.

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A. A. Abrosimov, E. V. Shelyago, I. V. Yazynina (2018) JUSTIFICATION OF REPRESENTATIVE DATA VOLUME OF POROSITY AND PERMEABILITY PROPERTIES FOR OBTAINING STATISTICALLY RELIABLE PETROPHYSICAL CONNECTIONS. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 487. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.487
Oil and gas
  • Date submitted
    2018-02-11
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

MOISTURE CONTENT OF NATURAL GAS IN BOTTOM HOLE ZONE

For the traditional problem of gas flow to a well in the center of circular reservoir, the influence of initial reservoir conditions on dynamics of gas moisture content distribution has been determined. Investigations have been performed in the framework of mathematical model of non-isothermal real gas flow through porous media where heat conductivity was considered to be negligible in comparison with convective heat transfer. It is closed by empirical correlation of compressibility coefficient with pressure and temperature, checked in previous publications. Functional dependence of moisture content in gas on pressure and temperature is based on empirical modification of Bukacek relation. Numerical experiment was performed in the following way. At first step, axisymmetric problem of non-isothermal flow of real gas in porous media was solved for a given value of pressure at the borehole bottom, which gives the values of pressure and temperature as functions of time and radial coordinate. Conditions at the outer boundary of the reservoir correspond to water drive regime of gas production. At the second step, the calculated functions of time and coordinate were used to find the analogous function for moisture content. The results of experiment show that if reservoir temperature essentially exceeds gas – hydrate equilibrium temperature than moisture content in gas distribution is practically reflects the one of gas temperature. In the opposite case, gas will contain water vapor only near  bottom hole and at the rest of reservoir it will be almost zero. In both cases, pressure manifests its role through the rate of gas production, which in turn influences convective heat transfer and gas cooling due to throttle effect.

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E. A. Bondarev, I. I. Rozhin, K. K. Argunova (2018) MOISTURE CONTENT OF NATURAL GAS IN BOTTOM HOLE ZONE. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 492. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.492
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2018-10-24
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

EXTRACTION OF COPPER, COBALT AND NICKEL IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY EXTRACTANT CYANEX 272

The extractant CYANEX 272, which active component is di(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)-phosphinic acid (C 8 H 17 ) 2 POOH, is effective for extraction of copper (II), cobalt (II) and nickel (II) ions. The extraction of metal ions using di(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)-phosphinic acid as an extractant is carried out due to the formation of an organophosphorus complex with wide pH range: copper at pH > 2, cobalt at pH > 3, and nickel at pH > 5. They are extracted with an organic phase: copper at pH = 3-7, cobalt at pH = 4-7, and nickel at pH = 6-9, and precipitate in the organophosphorus compound: copper at pH > 7, cobalt at pH ≥ 8, and nickel at pH ≥ 10. The possibility of separation of copper (II) and cobalt (II) is insignificant, the stripping of copper (II) and nickel (II) happens at pH = 4-6, and the stripping of cobalt (II) and any of nickel (II) – at pH = 5-6. The obtained results of ion extraction of the investigated metals can be used not only for processing of technological solutions, but also for purification of effluents from industrial enterprises and mine waters, heap and underground leaching solutions, etc. from the ions of studied metal ions.

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L. A. Voropanova, V. P. Pukhova (2018) EXTRACTION OF COPPER, COBALT AND NICKEL IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY EXTRACTANT CYANEX 272. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 498. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.498
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2018-04-14
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

EXPERIENCE OF INTEGRATED USE OF GOLD-BEARING RAW MATERIAL IN THE PRODUCTION OF PRECIOUS METALS

With the depletion of rich gold-bearing ores, the processing started to use polymetallic ores, which, in addition to precious metals, contain other elements that could be valuable after recovery. The problem of using such ores is extremely difficult because of the high cost of recovery of associated valuable components. The paper presents the results of studies on the integrated use of extracted gold-bearing raw materials based on the example of the Berezitovoye deposit (Amurskaya oblast), they have low content of precious metals and many heavy non-ferrous metals (copper, lead). Experimental work was carried out to obtain copper by the method of cementation from solutions formed after the leaching of the impurities of gold-containing cathode deposits with hydrochloric acid. The cementing metal was iron turnings (waste products of the turning shop of the enterprise). Next, it was proposed to use cemented copper as a collector during re-melting of slags – wastes of processing of low-grade polymetallic ores containing precious metals. The authors obtained ingots of alloyed gold with gold weight fraction of 16 %, which meets the requirements of TU 117-2-7-75 on the content of non-ferrous metals. During hydrochloric acid treatment of cathodic deposits silver partially passed into the solution, it was recovered together with cemented copper and, in subsequent melting, passed into alloyed gold. Thus, the method proposed by the authors helps to reduce the content of precious metals in the «incomplete production cycle» of the gold recovery factory. The opportunity of selling the cementation copper at the enterprises specializing on manufacturing of jewels is shown; the expected economic effect at the same time amounted to more than 1.8 million rubles.

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V. V. Zhmurova, N. V. Nemchinova (2018) EXPERIENCE OF INTEGRATED USE OF GOLD-BEARING RAW MATERIAL IN THE PRODUCTION OF PRECIOUS METALS. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 506. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.506
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2017-09-11
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

OBTAINING INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS IN Al–Ti–Zn SYSTEM

Binary intermetallic compounds – titanium aluminides (TiAl, Ti 3 Al) – when added to the alloys, significantly increase their strength and special properties. The most promising direction to produce intermetallic compounds are mechanochemical technologies, including mechanical alloy building. Mechanical alloying makes it possible to introduce much smaller particles into the metal matrix than can be achieved using standard powder metallurgy technologies. In addition to mechanical synthesis, aluminum-based intermetallic compounds were produced by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis (SHS) of solid chemical compounds. The synthesis was carried out according to a multistage scheme: preparation of titanium and aluminum powder, mixing; synthesis of the Al 3 Ti intermetallic compound by the SHS method in vacuum followed by mechanical activation of stoichiometric charges. The aim of the research was to study the dynamics of the development of nanodispersed phases in the process of synthesis during mechanical alloying. The power absorbed by the unit mass of the material for different processing times of the charge was calculated. When the level of the specific power (dose) of mechanical treatment was 3.5 kJ/g, the maximum content of intermetallic compound in the resulting material was achieved. Based on calculations and the data obtained during X-ray phase analysis, the dependence of the change in the content of ternary intermetallic compounds in the final product on the absorbed power was determined. As a result of the studies using raster electron microscopy and X-ray analysis, it was found that mechanical alloying of nanostructured intermetallic compounds Ti 4 ZnAl 11 and Ti 25 Zn 9 Al 66 with the size of nanodisperse phases less than 12 nm in the Al–Ti–Zn system, the weight ratio of proportion of the latter reaches 74 %.

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V. V. Kaminskii, S. A. Petrovich, V. A. Lipin (2018) OBTAINING INTERMETALLIC COMPOUNDS IN Al–Ti–Zn SYSTEM. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 512. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.512
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2017-12-20
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

ANALYSIS OF POSSIBLE ENHANCEMENT OF PROPERTIES OF VK15 MATERIAL USED FOR DRILLING TOOLS

Traditionally, when drilling hard and abrasive rocks, it is recommended to use a tungsten-cobalt hard alloy VK15. The analysis of information on the possibility of improving the potential of the material has demonstrated the existence of mechanisms that provide structural transformations that enhance its strength, hardness and toughness. The use of such technology instead of traditional methods will lead to an increase in the operating efficiency and durability of the tool. During the work, experimental samples of alloy VK15 were obtained by sintering in four different modes. Then their properties were analyzed. The results of the metallographic study carried out on the «Carl Zeiss» microscope made it possible to estimate the distribution of tungsten carbide grains in cobalt bon and show the grinding of the carbide phase. Thus, with traditional sintering, the amount of tungsten carbide grains with an average size of less than 1 μm in diameter from the entire size range reaches 19.5 %, while after additional heat treatment with a holding time of 1280 °C, the value was 41.5 %; 900 °C – 59.1 %; 600 °С – 54.5 %. The maximum improvement results were the following: hardness by 18 %, a coercive force by 49 %, and crack resistance by 11 % of the traditional alloy, there were achieved at 900-1280 °C. A hypothesis has been put forward on the formation of additional structural elements not detected by the methods of optical metallography. Studies of the topology and structure of the samples on an atomic force microscope confirmed the presence of nanoscale inclusions from 20 to 40 nm (presumably tungsten carbide) in a cobalt bond. For VK15, comparative studies of properties and analysis of the microstructure of experimental samples obtained by the traditional sintering and modified technology have shown that the sintering mode at 900 °C is a priority. Thus, the developed technology, including the sintering of powders in a hydrogen stream up to 750 °C, from 750 to 1450 °C in vacuum, feeding at a maximum temperature of 1450 °C for 15 minutes of argon at a pressure of 60 bar, subsequent cooling to 900 °C and 1 hour exposure, can be recommended as the most rational conditions for revealing the potential of the material and providing an enhanced level of properties of the drilling tool.

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Yu. A. Kurganova, K. S. Panina, P. S. Beshenkov (2018) ANALYSIS OF POSSIBLE ENHANCEMENT OF PROPERTIES OF VK15 MATERIAL USED FOR DRILLING TOOLS. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 518. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.518
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2018-01-11
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

REGULARITIES OF MATERIAL DESTRUCTION OF THE IMPACTOR IN REPEATED SINGLE PUNCH

The technique and the results of experiments on the study of the laws of the process of the cone-shaped tip of a freely falling impactor made of 38HM, U8, H12MF steels, subjected to typical heat treatment and additionally treated with cold, when they apply multiple (up to 10000) single impacts on granite under conditions approaching hydraulic impactor peaks. To explain the processes, we used the values of stresses σ к , arising at the contact area of  the impactor and the rock, calculated using the developed mathematical model. It has been established that the process of wear of an impactor with multiple single blows proceeds in three stages separated by critical values, , which correspond to the strength characteristics of the material of the impactor demonstrated in these dynamic conditions. With a small number of strokes (n ≤ n * ) and the small size of the blunting area (stage I interaction) values σ c exceed  of steel and it is exposed to local destruction at the contact site, which is recorded as a significant loss of the impactor’s mass; with n *  < n ≤ n ** (stage II) the resulting stresses are not enough to destroy the material, but it is enough for its plastic deformation, accompanied by the movement of metal from the central part of the contact area to the peripheral and the destruction of part of the deformed metal by rock; with n > n ** (stage III) arising σ к do not reach the level and the decrease in the mass of the impactor is determined by the resistance of the steel to abrasion by the products of rock destruction, displaced by the impactor from the well. The treatment of impactors from all tested steels with cold leads to an increase in their wear resistance; The total depth of the holes punctured by the cold-treated H12MF steel impactor at the time of the interruption of the rock penetration is four times higher than that of the 38HM steel impactor subjected to typical heat treatment.

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V. I. Bolobov, Le Tkhan' Bin' (2018) REGULARITIES OF MATERIAL DESTRUCTION OF THE IMPACTOR IN REPEATED SINGLE PUNCH. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 525. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.525
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2018-03-16
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

CALCULATIONS OF DYNAMIC OPERATING MODES OF ELECTRIC DRIVES OF SELF-PROPELLED MINING MACHINES

The task of improving the calculations of the dynamic modes of electric drives of self-propelled mining machines, particulary, tunneling machines, is considered. Attention is drawn to the possibility to opearte in dynamic modes of a spatial change in the an asynchronous electric motor stator housing position, included in the electric drive, around the axis of its rotor due to the ultimate rigidity of the supports of the mining machine. In connection to this, it is possible to change the absolute angular velocity of rotation of the electromagnetic field of the stator of this electric motor. The necessity of introducing into existing mathematical models that determine the state and behavior of asynchronous electric motors, additional differential and algebraic relations for calculating the absolute speed of the electromagnetic field of the stator and the nature of the motion of the stator housing of the electric motor as part of the mining machine is noted. The results of calculations of the idle start mode of the electric motor of the executive body of the mining combine are shown, showing the difference in the nature of its electromagnetic moment variation, rotor rotation speed, as well as efforts in individual reducer elements of the driving body driving the stator body from similar calculation results without taking into account the stator body movement. The conclusion is made about the possible discrepancy between the calculated and experimental results in the study of the dynamic modes of self-propelled mining machines.

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E. K. Eshchin (2018) CALCULATIONS OF DYNAMIC OPERATING MODES OF ELECTRIC DRIVES OF SELF-PROPELLED MINING MACHINES. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 534. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.534
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2017-10-29
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

INCREASING THE WEAR RESISTANCE OF ADAPTERS AND DRILL PIPES BY ELECRTROMECHANICAL PROCESSING

The directions of the research on increasing the wear resistance of drill pipe locks, threaded joints and casing drill string have been defined: application of drill pipes from the nose-resistant surfacing to the lock with Russian and foreign materials (hardbanding); hardening of the surface layer of drill pipe locks by electromechanical processing; hardaning of the external and internal locking thread of drill pipes by electromechanical processing. Comparative tests of the wear resistance of various hardening materials (hardbanding) of Russian and foreign production and the drill pipe lock without surfacing have been made. The recommendations for increasing the wear resistance of threaded joints by the method of electromechanical processing are developed, which determine the ways of increasing the resource and reliability of drill pipes and sub-assemblies, the formation of unique properties of parts, reducing the labor-capacity of manufacturing and restoring parts, increasing the efficiency of enterprises and organizations, protecting the environment and creation of competitive products. The materials of the article are of practical value for specialists of various fields engaged in the issues of increasing the reliability of technological equipment. The production success of using wear resistant surfacing technology on the body of a drill pipe joint is due to the possibility of using relatively simple and mobile welding equipment, carrying out work in the places of use of a drilling tool or temporary (permanent) production bases with a small transport arm from the field, re-depositing surfacing materials restoration of drill pipe locks; a wide and growing list of companies that receive accreditation for the production of these works.

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S. K. Fedorov, L. V. Fedorova, Yu. S. Ivanova, M. V. Voronina, A. V. Sadovnikov, V. N. Nikitin (2018) INCREASING THE WEAR RESISTANCE OF ADAPTERS AND DRILL PIPES BY ELECRTROMECHANICAL PROCESSING. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 539. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.539
Geoeconomics and Management
  • Date submitted
    2018-03-18
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

COST ASSESSMENT OF GOLD ORE DEPOSITS ADJUSTED FOR CAPITAL INVESTMENTS

The paper focuses on the problems of geologic and economic assessment of mineral deposits. Existing methods have certain advantages and disadvantages, but always rely on unified assessment criteria that fail to take into account specific parameters of each deposit. The author proposes a method of quick and simple cost assessment of gold ore deposits based on ore reserves data. Suggested approach allows to evaluate a true price of gold ore deposits that takes into account field preparation and development costs, as well as to calculate threshold (recommended) amount of investment. Besides that, the method permits to assess the contribution that mineral reserves and resources make to the cumulative market price of the mining company. The method is based on the analysis of empirical data from actual purchases of gold ore (and associated metals) deposits made by Polymetal International PLC. The results of statistical research are incorporated in a formula of threshold deposit price taking into account field preparation and development costs. Comparison between deposit prices obtained from actual purchase deals and forecast results demonstrates high convergence rate (R = 0.97). The greatest error in the forecast results is attributed to insufficient attention to the geographical position of deposits, existence of infrastructure and relevant facilities. The method has been tested on three purchases of gold ore assets made by Polymetal International PLC and demonstrated high convergence with actual deal prices.

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A. Yu. Zaitsev (2018) COST ASSESSMENT OF GOLD ORE DEPOSITS ADJUSTED FOR CAPITAL INVESTMENTS. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 547. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.547
Geoeconomics and Management
  • Date submitted
    2018-05-15
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

JUSTIFICATION OF ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF ARCTIC LNG TRANSPORTATION BY SEA

Russian Arctic is the largest exporter of domestic natural gas, which brings significant income to the federal budget. The major share of natural gas extracted in the Arctic is transported via pipelines in the direction of European countries. For a number of reasons EU is continuously reducing its consumption of Russian natural gas, among other things by increasing the import of liquefied natural gas (LNG). All this is happening against the background of global markets refocusing from pipeline gas to LNG. An obvious solution here would be to increase LNG production in the Russian Arctic with its subsequent transportation by sea. Taking into account remote location of Arctic gas fields from the main sales markets, there is a need for comparative cost analysis of transportation via pipelines and LNG tankers.     The authors developed a method of assessing the costs of pipeline and sea transportation under comparable conditions. Calculations have been made for gas transportation to Germany, Italy, Turkey and China. As a result, it has been demonstrated that sea transportation of 1,000 m 3 of natural gas is cheaper than pipeline transportation by the average value of 106.3 USD (–40.2 %) across all the routes in question. Performed calculations prove the economic benefits of sea transportation of Arctic LNG to the existing and potential markets for natural gas. Such results are justified by the need of rational replacement of pipeline gas by LNG in European markets (especially in Southern Europe, where LNG has a greater competitive advantage) and increasing export of liquefied natural gas to the Asia-Pacific Region. Suggested measures will allow to reduce the costs of sea LNG transportation, which will give Arctic natural gas a competitive edge on the global and regional gas markets.

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S. Yu. Koz'menko, V. A. Masloboev, D. A. Matviishin (2018) JUSTIFICATION OF ECONOMIC BENEFITS OF ARCTIC LNG TRANSPORTATION BY SEA. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 554. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.554
Geoeconomics and Management
  • Date submitted
    2018-10-24
  • Date accepted
  • Date published
    2018-10-25

MODERN SPECIFICITY OF CORPORATE RELATIONS ON THE EXAMPLE OF VERTICAL-INTEGRATED COMPANY

The article describes features of the modern model of Russian corporate relations on the example of a vertically integrated and diversified company. The CRs are still affected by the consequences of the privatization processes of state and municipal enterprises in the 1990s, which resulted in the emergence of a peculiar economic model of oligarchic capitalism and a specific model of CR. On a specific example, the pros and cons of this model are analyzed considering the processes of consolidation of entrepreneurial activities in the metallurgy and gold mining industry. The conclusion is made about the predominance of quasi-corporate relations, the ways to improve CR are suggested.

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A. A. Lapinskas (2018) MODERN SPECIFICITY OF CORPORATE RELATIONS ON THE EXAMPLE OF VERTICAL-INTEGRATED COMPANY. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 233. p. 561. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.561