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Vol 216

Geology
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Mineral resources in arctic islands of Russia

There is an increased interest in the Arctic regions of the planet in recent years. Russia has the longest Arctic shelf with great prospects for hydrocarbons under its jurisdiction. So, the Arctic Islands will play a major role as an infrastructural base for development of oil and gas resources on the shelf in the Arctic Ocean in the near future. Minerals of major islands and archipelagos of the Russian Arctic: Novaya Zemlya, Franz-Josef Land, Severnaya Zemlya, the New Siberian Islands and the Wrangel Island as well as the Spitsbergen archipelago (Norway) where Russia has its own territory formally enshrined for the extraction of coal and other minerals are considered in the article.

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A. N. Evdokimov, A. N. Smirnov, V. I. Fokin (2015) Mineral resources in arctic islands of Russia. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 5.
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Deep structure and composition characteristics of the continental earth's crust geostructures on the Russian Federation territory

Principal features of deep structure and composition of the lithosphere geostructures of the continental part of the Russian Federation territory are characterized within the radial-zonal model of the Earth’s crust. The principal units of the model are megablocks (paleoplites) with ancient layered continental crust and interblock megazones (structures of tension, compression and shear), separating them. The results of the geological-geophysical modeling are presented in the form of layer by layer deep structure schemes – of consolidated basement and of the platform cover and accompanied by a set of the earth's crust sections, carried out along regional profiles, performed with the application of a deep seismic sounding (DSS) method and reflected waves of common depth point (CDP) method.

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A. S. Egorov (2015) Deep structure and composition characteristics of the continental earth's crust geostructures on the Russian Federation territory. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 13.
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Geological and mathematical model of secondary sulphidisation zone polarizability as a function of oil and gas deposit depth

The differential-normalized method of electrical exploration (DNME), by means of polarization study of the secondary sulphidation zone (depth ~ 0,4-0,6 km), allows making conclusion about existence and parameters of an oil and gas deposit (depth up to ~ 2-5 km). The approximate solution of the system of nonlinear differential equations in partial derivatives for concentration of sulfur-hydrogen and pyrite (polarizability) as the function of oil-gas deposit depth has been received. The results are confirmed by experimental investigations in the North Sea.

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O. F. Putikov, S. A. Ivanov (2015) Geological and mathematical model of secondary sulphidisation zone polarizability as a function of oil and gas deposit depth. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 31.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Design procedure of pressure losses for hydrotransport of the high concetration pulps

In the paper it is shown that application of standard design methods for hydrotransport used for slurry with small concentration of a solid phase and for hydrotransport of high concentration slurry leads to considerable divergences between practical values of pressure losses which are received as a result of calculation. A major factor, which defines errors of calculation of hydrotransport of slurry with high concentration of a solid phase by means of standard techniques, is that these techniques do not consider rheological characteristics and parameters substantially influencing the amount of spe-cific pressure losses. The offered model of a pulp movement and technique developed on the basis of this model allow to define hydrotransport parameters with a margin error no more than 0,1.

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V. I. Aleksandrov, Pavel Vlasak (2015) Design procedure of pressure losses for hydrotransport of the high concetration pulps. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 38.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Influence of the type of hardening treatment on wear-resistant materials of mining equipment

For example, steel 110G13L as the material of teeth of excavator buckets, shows that the work hardening (hardening) is an effective means to increase (up to 10 times) the wear resistance of components in contact with abrasive media, such as marble, yielding the steel in a state of hard-ening of hardness. In the case of wear on the rocks (granite, gabbro) with a hardness greater than the hardness of steel, the effect of hardening has almost no effect. It was found that high-temperature thermomechanical treatment of steel 35HGSA as the material of holders of rotary cut-ters (strain at 900 С, water quenching, tempering at 230 С) leads to a substantial increase of its hardness (23 %) and durability (38 %) compared to typical heat treatment used in the manufacture of cutting tools at the factory.

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V. I. Bolobov, S. A. Chupin (2015) Influence of the type of hardening treatment on wear-resistant materials of mining equipment. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 44.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Problem of forestfund cadastral value determination

For several decades, Russian scientists cannot solve the problem of cadastral valuation of forest lands, which occupy two thirds of the country area. This evaluation is especially important in the terms of market relations for the calculation of charges for use of forest resources, a significant part of which is leased. Originally, cadastral valuation of forestland was planned to be conducted according to Faustmann’s formula, proposed by German economist in the mid-nineteenth century, but it has not found practical application due to the lack of certain data. In the modern period the issue of forestland valuation is escalated and scientists have proposed their own versions of the cadastral value of forestlands. We investigated a number of forestland cadastral evaluation reports from various regions of Russia. Different researchers propose to use a specific indicator of cadastral cost (UPCS), but the methods of calculation of this indicator are different for all the evaluators. Respectively, the UPCS values for each region are significantly different too. Years of research into this problem allowed us to propose a method of forestland cadastral evaluation. In the calculations, the shortcomings of previous research are taken into account and the value of income from harvested timber, its current growth in plantings under the age of ripeness as well as the income from the collection of food resources (mushrooms and berries) are included in the evaluation. In the calculations, lands should be differentiated between coniferous and deciduous forests, as the cost of timber and the yield of food resources are significantly different. The proposed method has allowed establishing the ratio of income of forestland from timber and food resources. Food resources can give more income to the society than the wood itself.

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V. F. Kovyazin, A. Yu. Romanchikov (2015) Problem of forestfund cadastral value determination. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 50.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Modeling of rock massif geomechanical state at gas extraction from coal seams

The article describes the method of modeling a coal seam stress-strain state and an enclosing rock massif when degasified. An approach to defining the model input parameters, calculated with the porosity and gas pore pressure coefficient, was shown. The importance of preliminary calculations, indicating possible coal seam shrinkage and surface subsidence was underlined. It shows formation mechanism for coal seam zones with elevated gas pressure, where gas recovery is efficient.

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M. G. Mustafin (2015) Modeling of rock massif geomechanical state at gas extraction from coal seams. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 57.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Bump hazard evaluation of a rock mass area as a result of its seismic acoustic activity registration

Ore production in deep rock-bump hazardous mines is closely connected with the need to in-crease workers’ safety, which demands heavy costs of taking preventive shockproof actions and applying expensive protection systems against mountain blows. The article considers a resource forecasting technique and a bump hazard evaluation method for a rock mass area, based on a mi-cromechanical model, which registers acoustic emission of heterogeneous materials, and empirical data, obtained as a result of acoustic signals registration with the help of the model, aimed at seis-mic-acoustic activity evaluation at «Taimir» and «Oktyabrsky» rock mass areas, belonging to Norylsk industrial region.

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V. V. Nosov (2015) Bump hazard evaluation of a rock mass area as a result of its seismic acoustic activity registration. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 62.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Opencast mine parameters sensitivity analysis at preliminary study of a mining project

The article describes sensitivity analysis, aimed at variables dependence detection: to what extent open cast mine ultimate efficiency or performance will be affected when one of the key input variables is changed. The stronger the dependence effect, the higher the project implementation risk. The sensitivity analysis objective is demonstrated – principle factors identification – critical variables, capable of having a serious influence on the project implementation results, and impact verification of progressive (single) factorial changes. Sensitivity analysis in its content is a single-factor analysis. Output, as a basic performance indicator of an open cast mine, characterizes mine development intensity and is determined by mining-engineering and economic factors. It is proved that the impact degree from various parameters on the open cast mine output is characterized by elasticity ratio. The project indicators sensitivity analysis, which was carried out, allowed to establish the impact degree that various parameters have on the open cast mine output, which takes place in a high-angle ore deposit, characterized by elasticity ratio.

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S. I. Fomin, E. I. Bazarova (2015) Opencast mine parameters sensitivity analysis at preliminary study of a mining project. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 76.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Open mining technique for unconventional mineral deposits

Nowadays the majority of deposits are successfully exploiting by mining enterprises with the help of traditional excavation and loading equipment. Typically, metals, construction materials, etc. are mined and extracted on these deposits, but modern society is progressing and producing new requirements to metals properties for creating a new type of equipment. The metals with new properties are located in unconventional areas: either in technogenic deposits (overburden dumps, tailings, etc.) or in hard-to-get natural formations. Technogenic mines, being a tailing of Kachkanarsky mining and processing plant, are referred to such unique deposits, which have expensive metals (scandium, gallium, strontium, titanium), as well as the natural deposit – rhenium deposit, located in the crater of an active volcano. Potentialities of open mining in the largest rhenium deposit with complex environmental occurrence have been analyzed in the paper. Temperature measurement results of adjacent strata and a temperature scheme of the host rocks on a separate site and the entire field have been presented. An open mining technique for a primary mining area as well as perspective methods of rock preparation for excavation, applicable to this particular deposit, has been considered.

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G. A. Kholodnyakov, K. R. Argimbaev (2015) Open mining technique for unconventional mineral deposits. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 82.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

A study of distillates physical and chemical properties and residues after thermodestructive and catalytic processes and their application in the mining industry

When transporting overburden rocks in a cold season, the lower layer of materials freezes to working surfaces of transport equipment, and at long transportations – congeals under its own weight. As a result, up to 50 % of rock remains in the vehicle, while the unloaded part represents indiscreete frozen mass. It considerably complicates the process of unloading transport and leads to increased labor and financial expenses. A rational and effective remedy for these problems is transport equipment and bulk material processing with chemical agents of oil and petrochemical origin – mixtures of distillate and bottom frations obtained as a result of thermodestructive processes during petroleum feedstock manufacturing.  The article presents data on the quality of distillates and residual products of oil recycling, which are used as initial components for producing preventive drugs, which are used to prevent sticking and freezing of overburden rocks during transportation and storage in the cold time of year, as well as drugs used for pit roads treatment in surface mining operations. Optimal component compositions of new petrochemicals are developed, and the physical and chemical properties of the received test samples have been studied.

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N. K. Kondrasheva, O. V. Zyr'yanova (2015) A study of distillates physical and chemical properties and residues after thermodestructive and catalytic processes and their application in the mining industry. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 89.
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Nondestructive control of elasticity modulus anisotropy of composite materials in the products

The technique of nondestructive control of anisotropy of composite materials in a product us-ing a pulse ultrasonic method is considered in the article. Calculated dependence to determine the degree of filler orientation in a polymeric composite material with varying filler laying is shown. The following filler laying is considered: chaotic, longitudinally cross, unidirectional. In addition, experimental results of anisotropy control of the elastic modulus in glass-reinforced plastics with different degrees of anisotropy using the pulsed ultrasonic method are given in the article.

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A. I. Potapov (2015) Nondestructive control of elasticity modulus anisotropy of composite materials in the products. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 97.
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Dynamic study of underground loading machine’s working tool crank-rocker mechanism

The article is devoted to the dynamic study of the underground shovel’s working tool mech-anism, assembled in accordance with a crank-rocker scheme, containing curved wings, as well as to the study of the effect on uneven movement rate, produced by the working tool mechanism; pa-rameters and structural characteristics of the shovel paw design shape. On the basis of a synthesis of the loading machine’s working tool mechanisms, a kinematic scheme with a shovel paw, con-sisting of a straight operating part and a curved working tail, is offered. A dynamic model of the mechanism based on a variable weight of shovel bulk cargo and drive parameters of the working tool is developed, a motion equation is made up. Comparison between statistical indicators of effec-tive output obtained from the shovel loaders drive mechanism and the results of a separate computer simulation of the mechanisms under analysis attest to the proposed model’s performability.

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I. P. Timofeev, I. A. Korolev (2015) Dynamic study of underground loading machine’s working tool crank-rocker mechanism. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 104.
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Minimization of energy losses when starting a variable frequency drive through application of a genetic algorithm of optimization

In the face of energy lack and rising energy prices one of the priorities of current researches is to improve energy efficiency of electric drives, which are widely used in modern industrial plants. Existing methods of minimizing losses are mainly designed for stationary regimes. At the same time, the development of algorithms for reducing losses in transient and in particular starting conditions is given little attention. Due to the high complexity of the description of the multivari-ate dynamic processes determining the optimal control laws is advantageously to be carried out us-ing stochastic optimization methods. The work seeks to substantiate the optimal starting character-istics of an asynchronous drive based on a genetic algorithm. A feature of the proposed method of optimization is the use of multiple simulation experiments to find start-up characteristics which provide a minimum energy loss. Automation of the search is performed using the developed pro-gram, which includes a module of a genetic algorithm and a module for interfacing with the elec-tric model in the MATLAB/Simulink environment. The program allows choosing the parameters of the genetic algorithm along with controlling the process of optimization.  Application of the proposed method allowed obtaining the optimal starting characteristics «voltage – frequency» in a tabular form with consequent linear approximation of the data. Increase in efficiency due to the proposed start up law has been confirmed by comparing the simulation re-sults under conditions of using a traditional linear characteristic and derived optimal law. The es-timation of losses reduction has been carried out at the drive load of different kind in a wide range of its variation.

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O. B. Shonin, V. S. Pron'ko (2015) Minimization of energy losses when starting a variable frequency drive through application of a genetic algorithm of optimization. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 112.
Geo-nanomaterials
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Synergetic changes of tribochemical properties in the heterogeneous systems containing surface modified metals

In the article tribochemical properties and synergetic effects in lubricants with metal addi-tives, characterized by surface modifcations, have been analysed. The priority results of measur-ings friction coefficient (f) and friction force (F fr) are given for heterogeneous systems in the form of И-20 oil with solid Al-additives, contatiing dispersed aluminium, with surface-modified triamon (Т), alkamon (A) and ethylhydridsiloxane according to various programs. It has been educed that with all other things being equal, triamon underlayers introduction into Al-additives with the external chemisorpted ethylhydridsiloxane layer results in the decrease of F fr and f in the system in proportion to the Т-underlayer number reduction from three to one. It has been discovered that the use of low-molecular Т-underlayer in Al-additives is a delicate method of summand value regulation (from 10,8 to 13,2 Н), accountable for intermolecular forces in the boundary fritction equation in the tribological pair applied.

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A. G. Syrkov (2015) Synergetic changes of tribochemical properties in the heterogeneous systems containing surface modified metals. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 122.
Mining education: traditions and perspectives in the XXI century
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Freiberg mining academy and russia: 250 years of business cooperation

The article is dedicated to the 250th anniversary of Freiberg Mining Academy, the oldest European higher technical education institution with the mining specialization. It is an established fact that the roots of cooperation between Russian and German mining en-gineers go back to the time of Peter the Great, and which was later maintained as exemplified by the Demidovs, the dynasty of leading Russian metallurgical works owners. In terms of science, a signifi-cant contribution was made both by leading mining science experts of Freiberg and by their disciple M.V.Lomonosov, a great Russian scientist. The article focuses on the links between the Mining Academy and St Petersburg Mining School, which was founded a little later and became the first higher technical education institution in Russia. It gives numerous examples of professional de-velopment of Russian mining specialists who had practical training in Freiberg. The conclusion reviews the relations between the two education institutions over the last decades and identifies their prospects.

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V. G. Afanas'ev (2015) Freiberg mining academy and russia: 250 years of business cooperation. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 131.
Mining education: traditions and perspectives in the XXI century
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-11
  • Date published
    2015-06-01

Freiberg mining academy and mining cadet corps: their place and role in Humboldt´s life and activities

The article examines the stages and events of Humboldt s life, associated with the European institutions: Freiberg Mining Academy and the Mining Cadet Corps in St Petersburg. It establishes the fact that his training at the former, in particular, his acquaintance with V.Y.Sojymonov, con-tributed to the beginning of his connection with the Mining Cadet Corps. A notable event in Hum-boldt s life, which helped to establish and further develop those contacts, was his trip to the Urals and Siberia, where he met and worked with alumni and staff of the Mining Cadet Corps – P.P.Anosov, E.K.Hoffman, D.S.Menshenin, and G.P.Gelmersen. A number of Humboldt’s arti-cles, published in a scientific journal of the Corps «The Mining Journal», testify to those meetings. The article provides a conclusion, which is of great current interest, in connection with the anniversaries: 250 th anniversary of Freiberg Mining Academy; 240 th anniversary of the Mining Cadet Corps (nowadays – the National Mineral Resources University «The Mining University»), and 190 th anniversary of «The Mining Journal», - that those two core European educational institu-tions with the mining and geological specialization, in close and productive interaction played a key role in Humboldt’s life and professional activity.

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I. G. Rebeshchenkova (2015) Freiberg mining academy and mining cadet corps: their place and role in Humboldt´s life and activities. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 216. p. 138.