Submit an Article
Become a reviewer

Vol 217

Geology
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Tectonic development and granitoid magmatism of Northeast Asia in the late mesozoic

The history of tectonic development and granitoid magmatism of Northeast Asia in the late Mesozoic is considered. The variety of tectonic situations and granitoid magmatism are favorable circumstances for the solution of many fundamental problems in geology, but tectono-magmatic division into districts is complicated owing to variability of the composition and the structure of the Earth’s crust. A rational approach to the tectonic division into districts of a region by the research of granitoid magmatism based on determining consolidated crust blocks with various tectonic history is offered. Pre-mesozoic and mesozoic structures of the Far East, among which primary and superimposed on the Precambrian and Paleozoic base Verkhoyansk orogeny prevails, are determined. The conclusion on the important role of middle massifs and passive margins with a thin Riphean-Paleozoic cover in geodynamic development of the Far East is drawn. The mesozoic activization of ancient structures along with young granitoid magmatism is established. The driving force of the Pacific ore belt granitization was the interaction of the Paleo-Pacific Plate and plates in Northeast Asia in the middle-late Mesozoic. The history of regional tectogenesis and granitoid magmatism in the late Triassic – Eocene (230-33,7 million years) taking into account the latest geodynamic concepts is tracked. The place in tectonic history of the Asian continental margin of plutonic and volcanic-plutonic belts is determined. Four stages of tectono-magmatic development of the Far East are established: the Jurassic and the early Cretaceous collisional, the early Cretaceous upsubduction, the late Cretaceous upsubduction-transform and the late Cretaceous – Paleogene rift-related. The directed constructive evolution of the Earth’s crust of the Far East is established: origin and building of ancient cratons on margins of the continental crust sated with granitoid intrusions, increase of a silica acidity and alkalinity of the granitoid magmas and formation of late Cretaceous ore-bearing lithium-fluoric granites at the final stage.

Read more
V. I. Alekseev (2016) Tectonic development and granitoid magmatism of Northeast Asia in the late mesozoic. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 5.
Geology
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Geochemical features and prospects of ore content in black slates in Tajmyr-Severnaya zem-lya gold formation

Gold content, at least twice higher than the gold percentage abundance in Earth’s crust, has been discovered in a number of black slates formations in Tajmyr-Severnaya Zemlya gold province. The article shows the measurement data on organic carbon and ore elements concentrations in carbonaceous sediments, with pyrite, being their constituent, in the region. The dependence of ore elements availability, including gold, on sulphidisation degree in rocks has been identified in an ore bundle of Golyshevskaja strata. The comparison of gold concentrations in sampled monocrystals and pyrite aggregates has been carried out. It has been empirically supported that the content of gold, lead, molybdenum, cobalt, nickel and copper normally grows with the increase of sulphides quantity. Concentrations of chromium, manganese, tin, vanadium decrease respectively; however, titanium and zinc content remains unchanged.

Read more
A. N. Evdokimov, V. I. Fokin, N. K. Shanurenko (2016) Geochemical features and prospects of ore content in black slates in Tajmyr-Severnaya zem-lya gold formation. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 13.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Principles of corporate communications management system development for mineral resources companies

The article shows the benefits of using unified communications for the management of mineral resources companies and discusses some principles of a modern corporate communications system providing the guaranteed encryption of all transmitted information (voice, text and files). The system structure, its operations and technologies, necessary for the creation of such a system, are substantiated. The secure corporate communication system developed at the National Mineral Resources University (Mining University) is described, and its comparison with other domestic and foreign systems is provided.

Read more
A. B. Makhovikov (2016) Principles of corporate communications management system development for mineral resources companies. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 24.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Ion velocity distribution function in arbitrary electric field plasma

Experimental investigations of the ion velocity distribution function (IVDF) are of great importance to various kinds of application: plasma nanotechnology, surface treatment, nanoelectronics, etching processes et al. In this paper, we propose a new probe method for diagnostics of anisotropic IVDF. The possibilities of the method have been demonstrated in arbitrary electric field plasma under conditions when an ion acquires a velocity on its mean free path comparable with the average thermal velocity of atoms. The energy and angular dependency of seven IVDF Legendre components for He + in He and Ar + in Ar have been measured and polar diagrams of the ion motion have been plotted. In order to verify the reliability and accuracy of the method the analytic solution of the kinetic Boltzmann equation for ions in plasma of their own gas has been found. Conditions under which resonant charge exchange is the dominant process and the ambipolar field is arbitrary have been considered. For the ambipolar field the dependence of resonant charge cross-section on the relative velocity has been taken into account. It is shown that the form of the IVDF is significantly different from the Maxwellian distribution and defined by two parameters. The results of theoretical and experimental data taking into account the instrumental function of the probe method are in good agreement. Calculations of the drift velocity of Hg + ions in Hg, He + in He, Ar + in Ar, and mobility of N 2 + in N 2 are well matched with known experimental data in wide range of electric field values.

Read more
A. S. Mustafaev, V. S. Sukhomlinov (2016) Ion velocity distribution function in arbitrary electric field plasma. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 29.
Mining
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

The mechanism of rock burst leading to ground destruction of mine openings

The article deals with the main issues of studying of one type of rock bursts which lead to gound destruction of coal mine openings. The research is focused on rock burst prediction. Some cases of rock bursts are analised. The paper points out factors affecting this kind of rock failure. It also presents some simulation models and numerical examples. The results of the research show that it is possible to plan safe mining operations under different mining and geological conditions.

Read more
M. G. Mustafin (2016) The mechanism of rock burst leading to ground destruction of mine openings. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 40.
Oil and gas
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Selection of rational heating temperature for pipeline pumping high-viscosity and high pour point crude oil

The article deals with the transportation problems of high-viscosity and high pour point crude oil through pipelines. The possibility of a structural oil movement mode development during transportation below the pour point is analyzed. The results of the experiment for unevenness of the heat flux identification in the underground pipeline are given.

Read more
A. K. Nikolaev, V. I. Klimko (2016) Selection of rational heating temperature for pipeline pumping high-viscosity and high pour point crude oil. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 50.
Oil and gas
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Substantiation of intrastratal water shutoff technology in low permeability reservoirs

The article presents the results of the filtration tests of the developed polymeric waterproofing compound GPS-1, which is a mixture of a water-alkaline hydrolyzed acryl-containing polymer solution with a nonionic surfactant. The obtained results indicate significant improvements of main operational parameters – penetrating and water-insulating power of the developed polymeric composition GPS-1 in comparison with the original one: addition of the nonionic surfactant reduced the pressure gradient of injection twice. Also, considerable (5 times) increase of the residual resistance factor, that is explained by deeper and more uniform penetration of the solution into the porous medium and the corresponding raise of isolation efficiency of pore channels, is established. Experiments on the model of a heterogeneous oil-filled formation showed that after the injection of the polymeric solution water mobility decreases in a highly porous interlayer and increases in a low-permeability interlayer indicating a redistribution of filtration flows in the model of a heterogeneous bed. The decrease of water mobility in a high-permeability zone contributes to the leveling of the displacement front and, ultimately, the additional extraction of oil from the less permeable area. As a result of the complex of filtration tests conducted, the efficiency of the developed polymeric composition GPS-1 for the regulation of filtration flows in low-permeability heterogeneous reservoirs is proved.

Read more
M. K. Rogachev, A. O. Kondrashev (2016) Substantiation of intrastratal water shutoff technology in low permeability reservoirs. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 55.
Oil and gas
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Engineering and geomechanical forecast for waste disposal in underground caverns including earthquake-prone zones

The article aims at obtaining representative scientifically based data to determine parameters of a necessary-safe condition of the rock massif (RM) in underground waste diposal caverns zones, including earthquake-prone zones. The main requirements for underground caverns for hazardous waste disposal and for their construction technology are described. The subject of the research is underground solution caverns in halogen rocks. Data for justification of safe waste disposal conditions in underground salt caverns and its stages are presented. A complex approach to the solution of the research problem is described. The main aspects of dynamic influence of seismic waves on underground caverns stability are considered. Taking into account seismic-risk zoning data on the research region some significant parameters of a possible seismic impact on the experimental cavern are calculated. The article points out the necessity of superincumbent rock and surface displacement assessment for the experimental site zone using the suggested complex approach and including the analysis of surveying data and results of rock mass geomechanical modeling.

Read more
O. V. Kovalev (2016) Engineering and geomechanical forecast for waste disposal in underground caverns including earthquake-prone zones. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 61.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Technological aspects of extraction of precious and rare metals from carbonaceous rocks

The results of mineralogical, geochemical and technological research of black shale rocks are given. It is proved that black shales are now regarded as a new promising and innovative source of precious and rare-metal raw materials. It is pointed out that 3 wt. % of black shales samples is colloid-salt fraction (nanofraction) with a particle size less than 1000 nm and it can be extracted with water under specially chosen conditions. The use of water instead of chemically active reagents guarantees the absence of dissolved mineral matrix and clearly shows the colloidal salt component in samples. The results determine the direction of creating some new methods and technologies of carbonaceous feed dressing for integrated development of solid minerals in the mining and oil producing regions of Russia.

Read more
T. N. Aleksandrova, E. G. Panova (2016) Technological aspects of extraction of precious and rare metals from carbonaceous rocks. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 72.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

The phenomenon of isothermal transition of metastable aluminate solutions into the labile area and prospects of its industrial use

The paper presents theoretically based requirements for the activation of synthetic gibbsite for maximum solubility of the activated product. The article describes the methodological foundations of gibbsite thermal activation and its effectiveness evaluation in terms of aluminate solutions decomposition. It is shown that to obtain high-saturation aluminate solutions, activation should provide generation of the reagent with highly-developed surface area, which is not identical to the structure of the deposited gibbsite. As a result of high-gradient thermal activation of synthetic gibbsite, it has been found that the targeted product develops predominantly an amorphous structure with a specific surface area up to 256 m2/ g, preserving its primary particle size. Activation products were investigated using modern methods of physical and chemical analysis. The experimental results confirmed the possibility of the activated product dissolution in the aluminate solution with a metastable compound and their spontaneous decomposition with aluminum hydroxide formation, characterized by high dispersion ability. It is shown, that a significant difference in kinetics and decomposition rates of solutions is connected with the use of a seed material with different particle size composition, which leads to the development of competing mechanisms, resulting in seed recrystallization, homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation.

Read more
V. N. Brichkin, A. Kraslavski (2016) The phenomenon of isothermal transition of metastable aluminate solutions into the labile area and prospects of its industrial use. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 80.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Examination of the raw materials and the products of the combustible shales processing

The reserves of combustible slates of Russia in shale oil and gas equivalent are more than the reserves of oil and natural gas. The formation of a large volume of ash is a major problem connected to the processing and the usage of the combustible slates. It is possible to look at this problem from a different angle of vision if a mineral part of slates is considered as a complex  organo-mineral raw material where a  mineral substance of the slates is the same raw material as the organic one. For this purpose, it is required to study in detail the physicochemical characteristics of the combustible slates and the behavior of the organic and the mineral parts of the slates during the heat treatment. This research focuses on the phase composition of Leningrad fuel shale and its changes on pyrolysis. They were studying the phase composition, the gas phase outlet, pyrolysis mass balance of combustible slates in the nitrogen atmosphere in the temperature range of 200-1000 °С, the porosity changes of combustible slate in the nitrogen atmosphere in the temperature range of 25-900 °С. It is determined that the main minerals of combustible slates are calcite (28 %), quartz (25 %), illite (17 %), and microcline (11 %). The temperature dependence of the shale porosity is studied in a nitrogen atmosphere and in air. The porosity changes in four stages: (I) 25-200 °C; (II) 200-400 °C; (III) 400-600 °C; (IV) 600-900 °C. The mass balance pyrolysis of combustible slates in a PTK_1.2_40 tube furnace is made up, in the nitrogen atmosphere of 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 °C.

Read more
N. K. Kondrasheva, S. N. Saltykova (2016) Examination of the raw materials and the products of the combustible shales processing. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 88.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Activation of heap leaching of low-sulfide ores the invisible gold

This article deals with a physical-chemical model of heap leaching processes justifying new technological approaches to recovering dispersed forms of gold from ores, placer sands and deute-rogene mineral raw materials. The key process of this model includes lattice diffusion of high-energy hydrion minerals and hydroxyl-radicals formed as a result of photochemical and electro-chemical processing of initial reagent aqueous solutions. Active components of gas-water emulsions obtained while processing initial reagent solutions provide a structural and material trans-formation of a mineral lattice which concentrates clusters of dispersed gold creating conditions for its interacting with complexing compounds of process solutions. The article also considers the technological processes of activation heap leaching of dispersed gold from the Pogromnoe ore field and the results of the experiments conducted in percolators with their charge ranged from 3 to 100 kg. The results have proved the efficiency of using gas-water suspensions prepared in the pho-toelectrochemical reactor with active ion-radical oxidizing agents.

Read more
A. G. Sekisov, Yu. I. Rubtsov, A. Yu. Lavrov (2016) Activation of heap leaching of low-sulfide ores the invisible gold. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 96.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Chemical and technological mechanisms of a alkaline aluminum silicates sintering and a hy-drochemical sinter processing

Complex mineral raw material, as alkali aluminum silicates, is an interest for aluminum industry, chemical industry and for the production of constructional materials. They are well represented in the earth's crust, characterized by the complexity of material composition and variable content of the main components such as alumina, silica and alkalies. They often occur where due to the geological conditions there is no bauxite, for instance, in the United States, Canada, Venezuela, Mexico, Iran, Egypt, Portugal, Spain, Bulgaria and other countries. At the present time for the Russian economy the nephelines from this list are the most valuable and have the great concern for the raw materials balance of the national aluminum industry. Because of limited reserves the bauxites proportion of alumina produced from nephelines by sintering is 40 % and in time this proportion will increase due to the involvement in the production of new deposits of alkali aluminum silicates. Many of foreign companies have also shown interest to the complex processing of ores. The investigation of technology is based on the method of sintering ore with limestone. As a result, the after-sintering mixture consists of alkali metal aluminates and dicalcium silicate; after-sintering mixture is leached by circulating alkaline aluminate solution, alumina, soda and potash are thrown out from the solution. Dicalcium silicate (nepheline sludge) is processed to Portland. For the investigated after-sintering mixture the tendency shows the increasing of optimum sintering temperature with the lowering Al 2 O 3 content. With the increasing of silicate module (SiO 2 / Al 3 O 3 ) of the initial alkali aluminum silicates charges the temperature of after-sintering mixture formation increases. After-sintering mixtures that are on base of alkali aluminum silicates have different microstructure and the degree of crystallization in which b-С 2 S and sodium aluminate is improved with a decrease of the aluminate phase amount. Results of investigations show a very limited solubility of aluminate phase in dicalcium silicate, which theoretically justifies a sufficiently high level of useful components chemical extraction in the processing of different types of alkali aluminum silicates by sintering.

Read more
V. M. Sizyakov (2016) Chemical and technological mechanisms of a alkaline aluminum silicates sintering and a hy-drochemical sinter processing. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 102.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Prospects of biotechnologies application in metallurgy and enrichment

In recent years, application of biotechnologies in enrichment processes and processing of metal-containing ores has gained broad development, considering essential advantages of these technologies from the point of view of economic efficiency and ecological safety. Processes with the application the hemolitotrofnykh of acidophile microorganisms of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, At. thiooxidans, Leptospirillum ferrooxidans and others, are of great interest.  This article is devoted to the problem of biocultures application for efficiency improvement of the ore pretreatment technology and extraction of valuable components from metal-containing crude ore. The analysis of the biotechnologies and microorganisms applied at domestic and foreign enterprises is given, alongside with the theoretical bases of ore bioprocessing, research results of oxide and sulphidic metal-containing ores processing technology development, with the application of microorganisms and research results of the mechanism of destructive impact of a certain type bacteria on siliceous ores. 

Read more
N. M. Telyakov, A. A. Dar'in, V. A. Luganov (2016) Prospects of biotechnologies application in metallurgy and enrichment. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 113.
Metallurgy and concentration
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Electroextraction of cobalt from sulfate-chloride and sulfate solutions of cobalt and manganese in static conditions

The dependence of the results of electroextraction cobalt and manganese from aqueous solutions of their sulphate and chloride-sulfate solutions under static conditions was investigated. According to the results of current efficiency and specific energy consumption it has been found that the electrowinning of cobalt from aqueous solutions of cobalt and manganese in static conditions using a titanium cathode should be carried out at low concentration of manganese from sulphate-chloride solution without partitions and from sulphate solutions both without and with the perforated partitions separating the electrolytic cell into cathode and anode space.

Read more
L. P. Khomenko, L. A. Voropanova (2016) Electroextraction of cobalt from sulfate-chloride and sulfate solutions of cobalt and manganese in static conditions. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 125.
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

Problems of ensuring energy security for enterprises from the mineral resources sector

A complex of technical means and decisions for ensuring adequate level power safety at mineral resources enterprises has been developed, including voltage mode control method, power quality improvement method, method of ensuring dynamic stability for electricity-generating equipment, method of enhancing power supply reliability, distributive network structure control method, and method of combined use of alternative and renewable energy sources. The necessity of ensuring power safety for the objects of the mineral resources sector, from the technical point of view – with the application of modern achievements and developments in the area of electrical complexes and systems, has been proved. 

Read more
B. N. Abramovich, Yu. A. Sychev (2016) Problems of ensuring energy security for enterprises from the mineral resources sector. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 132.
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

External dynamics formation in mining machines

This study surveyed the current state of mining machines dynamics. In the significant number of theoretical studies mining face was represented as a force variable in time. Such face representa-tion does not reflect physical reality, and does not include the influence of mining machines dynamic parameters and processes on face formation. This paper introduces a new dynamic model of the mining machine with an idealized damageable face, which provides kinematic excitation of the drill-ing bit while moving on its trail. In this case, the mining machine is represented as a dynamic system with a delay (a system with «memory»), where face coordinates depend on the dynamic parameters and operating modes. The proposed system was checked for stability. This study shows that stable dynamic systems «executive body» with a variable structure provide minimal target dynamic loads. Experimental study of executive bodies suspensions of the blasthole drilling rigs, coal mining and tunneling machines was conducted. Experiments showed high efficiency reduction of dynamic loads in the carrying systems in all cases.

Read more
E. A. Zagrivnyi, G. G. Basin (2016) External dynamics formation in mining machines. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 140.
Electromechanics and mechanical engineering
  • Date submitted
    2016-10-06
  • Date published
    2016-01-01

The anomaly of iron plasticity as a result of transformation at ~ 650 ºC

On the basis of six signs of the trip-effect, thermal effect as a result of four independent piec-es of researches, magnetic effect (diffusion change, as in the point of Curie), changes in hydrogen and carbon solubility and two dozens of anomalies based on temperature dependences of physical properties, conversion in iron at ~ 650ºC has been proven. The transformation enables to explain extreme products properties obtained as a result of isothermal transformation of austenite, step tempering, martensite vacation, anomalously high diffusion, appearance of stimulus to austenite recrystallization and other.

Read more
K. Yu. Shakhnazarov, E. I. Pryakhin (2016) The anomaly of iron plasticity as a result of transformation at ~ 650 ºC. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 217. p. 150.