The engineering geological control of underground transport tunnels exploitation reliability in Saint Petersburg
- 1 — Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute (Technical University)
- 2 — Saint Petersburg State Mining Institute (Technical University)
The natural and technogenic factors effect on exploitation reliability of subway tunnels located in Upper Vendian clays are analyzed. It is noted what the fractured clays has been studied during the exploring of the first metropolitan lines. It is emphasized what the intensity of clay fracturing increases in thalweg zones of paleo-valleys within the bounds of which the quantity of underground water leakages in tunnels increases. The hydrodynamic and hydrochemistry conditions of Vendian high head horizon (lied under clays) influence on deformation and destruction of tunnels lining are investigated. The reduction of clays shear strength parameters under the interaction of clays and liquid phases is experimentally studied. The water extracts chemical composition of disintegrated construction materials and sinter forms are resulted. The important role of biocorroion in constructional and waterproof materials (included bitumen) disintegration is shown. The protection methods of tunnels constructions from biocorrosion are recommended.