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Vol 215
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The concept of reducing the risks of potash mines flooding caused by groundwater inrush into excavations

V. P. Zubov1
A. D. Smychnik2
About authors
  • 1 — Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
  • 2 — JSC «Striktum»
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Results of the analysis of factors influencing the probability of accidental groundwater inrush into mine workings of salt (potash, potassium and magnesium) mines are given in the article. The cases of the potash mine flooding that occurred in different countries with developed mining industry are given. It is shown that at the present technical and scientific level of solving this problem the unexpected groundwater inrush in potash mines usually results in the shutdown of the enterprise and negative ecological consequences. It is pointed out that the underground waters flow into the mines through water-conducting fractures of either natural or technogenic origin which location and influence on a mine was almost impossible to predict at the design stage under existing regulations. The concept of reducing the risks of potash mine flooding caused by underground waters in-rush is formulated. Administrative and technical measures which allow reducing the risks of potash mine flooding caused by groundwater inrush into the excavations are considered.

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  1. Барях А.А. Физико-механические свойства соляных пород Верхнекамского калийного месторождения / А.А.Барях, В.А.Асанов, И.Л.Паньков. Пермь: Изд-во Пермского гос. технического ун-та, 2008. 199 с.
  2. Зубов В.П. Совершенствование систем разработки Третьего калийного пласта на рудниках РУП ПО «Беларуськалий» / В.П.Зубов, А.Д.Смычник, В.М.Кириенко // Записки Горного института. 2006. Т.168. С.15-18.
  3. Лаптев Б.В. Аварийные ситуации на Верхнекамском месторождении калийно-магниевых солей // Безопасность труда в промышленности. 2009. № 8. С.28-31.
  4. Правила по защите рудников от затопления в условиях Старобинского месторождения калийных солей / ОАО «Белгорхимпром». Минск, 2006. 97 с.
  5. Указания по защите рудников от затопления и охране подрабатываемых объектов в условиях Верхнекамского месторождения калийных солей (технологический регламент) / ВНИИГ. СПб. 2008. 95 с.
  6. Cocker M.D. World Potash Developments / M.D.Cocker, G.J.Orris // Proceedings of the 48th Annual Forum on the Geology of Industrial Minerals, 2012, Phoenix, Arizona, 2013. P.1-16.
  7. Whyatt J. Catastrophic Failures of Underground Evaporite Mines / J.Whyatt, F.Varley // Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Ground Control in Mining, 2008, Morgantown, West Virginia. 2008. P.113-122.

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