It is usually very difficult for any company to being an energy related project to completion. Not only is the endeavor associated with great financial risks, but it is also very difficult to decide which technological solution is the best longterm investment. Furthermore, government bodies shape the investment climate in the energy sector by imposing taxes and fees, which also increases expenditures. Fortunately these market conditions act favorably on energy production based on renewable sources. The purpose of this investigation is to establish the conditions that enable production of biogas by processing waste products of human consumption: food waste, plants, common household trash and even excrement. There is compelling evidence that the production of fuel cells by utilizing raw methane is at the very least economically justifiable. The design of the power plant itself makes it an ideal independent source of electricity and heat, which can be located in close proximity to the consumers.
The article is devoted to the solution of a complex of problems that arise in small and medium-scale treatment complexes, gas production plants and small and medium-capacity power plants associated with the processing of crude methane and the possibility of reducing the greenhouse effect. The economic feasibility of the development of fuel cells (FC) on raw biomethane was demonstrated by the authors in previous publications. The specificity of the solution of problems is focused on small and medium-scale treatment complexes, gas production plants and small and medium power plants. The aim of the study is to show the possibility of solving a multicomponent task of developing fuel cells, including the experimental determination of the actual use of sodium formate as a reducing agent for the production of electricity in a fuel cell (FC). Results are the following: the possibility of solving the issues of reducing greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere during processing of waste products of human vital activity is proved. A method for converting methane and carbon dioxide emissions into useful products is shown.