The problems of selecting the type and the structure of mining and transport machines elec-tromechanical control system, providing energy efficiency and performance. The conclusion about the most admissibility of variable frequency drives with induction motors and power semiconduc-tor converters was made. The methods and technical means of improving the energy efficiency of asynchronous electric motors due to the choice of increased power characteristics motors, design of special motor control algorithms and applying of semiconductor converters with active rectifi-ers, providing high power factor and improving of the electricity supply quality were reviewed. To improve the operational characteristics prompted use of diagnostic systems and residual life as-sessment of electrical equipment. Implementation of designs tied to the excavator-transport sector. The schemes of the excavator power drive, mining truck and implemented complex picture at coal mine are shown.
From the example of active semisubmersible drilling rigs it is shown characteristics of electromechanical complexes of drill rigs and anchor position control systems on the base of controlled electric drive with directcurrent motors. It is presented suggestions which allow increasing electric power and service reliability criteria through the use of semiconductor converters supplied from power semiconductor converter with active front end in technological drilling systems, propulsion and position control systems of electromechanical systems on the base of noncontact asynchronous motors. It is outlined information about experience of using such kind of electromechanical complexes at the objects of mining industry working in difficult operating conditions. It is presented information about developing of electromechanical complexes of displacement systems, position control systems, technological and technical shelf development equipment and their characteristics. Also it is outlined structures and examples of designing modern high efficiency systems with contactless actuating motors.
The analysis of algorithms of management and diagnostics of the electromechanical equipment of dredges is made. Advantages of algorithm of a direct control of the moment and a method wattmetrografy for problems of monitoring and equipment diagnostics are shown.
The article analyzes the existing systems of electromechanical transmission of mining trucks BelAZ. The influence of the load nature created by the uncontrolled rectifier on the power factor and mass-dimensional indicators of the electromechanical transmission isassessed. Variants of modernization of the AC-electromechanical transmission system are proposed, which provide power factor correction. The influence of the proposed options on the overall dimensions of the electromechanical transmission is considered. Based on the assessment, a modernization option was chosen that provides the required power factor with minimal impact on the overall dimensions of the electromechanical transmission. The results of modeling the operation of the existing electromechanical transmission and the modernized electromechanical transmission system using the most promising modernization option are presented.