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Yuriy D. Smirnov
Yuriy D. Smirnov
associate professor, Ph.D.
Saint Petersburg Mining University
associate professor, Ph.D.
Saint Petersburg Mining University
129
Total cited
7
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Articles

Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Date submitted
    2021-04-23
  • Date accepted
    2021-09-07
  • Date published
    2021-10-29

Development of the concept of an innovative laboratory installation for the study of dust-forming surfaces

Currently, the determination of the emission rate of suspended solids from a unit of the surface area of a man-made mass at various parameters of the wind flow is not sufficiently described. The analysis of the world experience of researchers shows that existing laboratory installations have various design features that do not allow to correctly determine the mass of the dust being flapped and wind-blown. Based on the analysis results, the concept of an innovative laboratory installation for the study of dust-forming surfaces has been developed. It takes into account the influence of wind shadows, the deturbulization of an artificially created air flow, the possibility of regulating not only the flow velocity mode, but also the creation of a vacuum or disturbance in the area of sample placement, as well as the formation of a certain angle of wind flow attack relative to the surface. The concept provides for the possibility of determining the volume of dust emissions by the values of the lost dust masses in the sample and by the values of dust concentrations in the outgoing stream. The calculation of the main basic elements of the installation using the ANSYS FLUENT software package was carried out. The model and configuration of the wind tunnel have been developed and calculated, the main geometric parameters and functional elements for the possibility of use in scientific work have been determined. For practical use of the empirical roughness value of the underlying surface, its values are recommended in a wide range – from zero for the water surface to 0.44 for large cities with tall buildings and skyscrapers.

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Andrey V. Ivanov, Yuriy D. Smirnov, Stanislav A. Chupin (2021) Development of the concept of an innovative laboratory installation for the study of dust-forming surfaces. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 251. p. 757-766. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2021.5.15