Piston pumps are widely used in the lubrication systems of mining machines. When carrying out technical maintenance (MOT), including lubrication and filling works, at the site of operation of mining machines due to the remoteness from repair shops and warehouses of fuels and lubricants (FAL), mobile repair shops ( MRS), maintenance units (MU) and mechanized filling units (MFU) are used. The specificity of carrying out maintenance is to create conditions for the supply of oils, working fluids and lubricants to the corresponding systems of mining machines for their refueling. Existing piston pumps and pumping units, as a rule, are single-flow, and the piston is driven by a crank mechanism driven from the engine through a worm gear. The emergence of unique, hydraulic, low-mobility mining machines in open pit mining required a significant increase in the power of the MU and MFU oil pumping units, primarily for greases. However, the traditional design of the drive design of a crank-type piston pump unit at a power of over 80 kW does not allow achieving the specified operating time, it is accompanied by intensive wear of the drive elements and increased dynamics during operation. In addition, it is necessary to apply various designs of pumping units for the supply of liquid and grease lubricants. Thus, it is necessary to develop new circuit solutions for pumping units of the crank type, to improve mobile refueling facilities with a modernized design of the pump unit drive of the mobile lubrication and filling station MRS.
The article deals with a new system of a vibration-damping tool, the effect of which is achieved by a combination of the multi-layer principle and the use of anisotropic properties of sheet metal. Operation of such tool systems in turning operations can reduce high-frequency vibra-tions arising in the process of cutting due to the ordered disorientation of anisotropic plate texture of a multilayer modular tool holder that allows you to efficiently dissipate oscillatory wave energy at the boundary of transition between the plates of the tool holder. This method allows increasing the resistance of the tool cutting edge significantly and expanding the technological capabilities for the effective selection of cutting modes to ensure compliance with requirements for dimensional and geometric accuracy, quality of processed surfaces of powered roof supports, hydraulic units, mining machinery and equipment.
The paper considers the application of polymer composite materials in friction units of downhole oil pumps. The proposed scheme test samples of various composite materials paired with a steel roller adopted by the size of the spots wear using the criterion of resistance. As it is shown significant influence on the wear resistance of the friction pair, working in the crude oil environment, has not only the composition but also the reinforcing fibers direction. The best re-sults were obtained for a sample of polyamide reinforced with 50 % of high molecular weight synthetic fibers placed perpendicular to the friction surface.
The paper describes an effective method, which permits to control the machining of hard-to-handle materials under local pre-strain and facilitates generation of structural metastability on the outer layer of the process material. Authors propose a new approach to creating local metastability in the machined material using thermal, plastic and cryogenic treatment. Changes in material properties, occurring under local deformation, are presented in a widely used graphic form of a stress-strain curve. In experimental tests, performed under local plastic strain, the authors observed normal vibration displacement of the tool in relation to the surface of the workpiece, made of medium-carbon steel (0.45 % C). Theoretical and experimental results confirmed the possibility to control the cutting process and to deliver dynamic stability for high-precision machining. The study allows to improve existing technologies for a wide range of materials and cutting modes, to implement segmentation and breaking of the chip in the shear zone, and to apply controlled robotic systems on CNC machines.
The main trend in the development of modern diesel engine manufacturign is the creation of high-powered, reliable and economical internal combustion engines (ICE), which are widely used in various industries, including mining machinery. The application of the methods of gas-thermal and gas-plasma coating for obtaining wear-resistant layers on piston rings for large internal combustion engines of quarry transport – diesel locomotives and dump trucks- is considered. It is shown that the abrasive-jet machining of base coat is widely used as a preparatory operation before coating process, and the roughness of the working surface of the rings after abrasive-jet machining has a significant impact on the adhesion strength of the coating with the base material. The selection of the surface roughness and the conditions of abrasive-jet machining for increasing the coating adhesion strength to the base coat significantly determines both the thickness of the coating and the reliability of the part itself. The aim of the paper is to investigate the dependence of the adhesion strength of a gas-thermal wear-resistant coating of piston rings of large engines of quarry transport, including dump trucks and diesel locomotives, from the roughness of the working surface after abrasive-jet machining, which in turn depends on its modes (distance to the nozzle exit section, the number of passes, the working air pressure, the shot change rate). The working surface adhesion strength of piston rings with diameter of 210 mm coated with molybdenum and steel wire composition was investigated by the twisting angle at which the coating peeled. It is shown that the roughness providing a twist angle greater than 35° should be more than 22 μm, which does not cause coating peeling off. Modes of abrasive-jet machining providing the specified values of roughness: working air pressure is 0.4 MPa, distance to the nozzle exit section is 110 mm, the number of passes is 2, and the shot changes after processing 40 mandrels.
The occurrence of fretting corrosion on nominally fixed surfaces of high-loaded parts of mining machines and mechanisms is considered. Examples of wear and damage of critical parts, bearing assemblies of engines of dump trucks in fretting conditions are given. The mechanisms of fretting corrosion when using wear-resistant coatings are considered. It is noted that when choosing protective thin-layer coatings that provide an increase in the fretting-resistance of surfaces of tightly contacting parts, it is necessary to take into account both their wear resistance and the ability to resist shear. At the same time, the thickness of such coatings allows preserving, during operation, those provided during the assembly of the tension, without disturbing the maintainability of the nodes. The results of research of fretting wear of a number of coatings on a special installation are given. The mechanisms of wear of a number of thin-layer coatings based on friction-mechanical brazing, polymer fluorocarbon composition, solid lubricant coating using scanning electron microscopy were studied. Recommendations on the use of the studied thin-layer coatings for high-loaded parts of mining machines operating in fretting corrosion conditions have been developed. The aim of the work was to study the effect of a number of thin-layer coatings on the wear of highly loaded connections of the mechanisms of mining machines, in particular bearing assemblies of quarry dump trucks operating under fretting corrosion conditions.