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Andrei S. Gladkov
Andrei S. Gladkov
Head of Laboratory
Institute of Earth's Crust, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Head of Laboratory
Institute of Earth's Crust, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Irkutsk
Russia
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Articles

Geology
  • Date submitted
    2021-01-19
  • Date accepted
    2021-07-27
  • Date published
    2021-09-29

Geological and structural characteristics of deep-level rock mass of the Udachnaya pipe deposit

For hard rock massifs, structural disturbance is a key indicator of mining structure stability. The presence of intersecting structural elements in the massif reduces rock strength and leads to formation of potential collapse structures. In addition to that, disjunctive deformations that penetrate rock strata serve as channels for fluid migration and connect aquifers into a single system. It was established that the largest of them –faults of east-northeastern, northeastern and northwestern directions – form the kimberlite-bearing junction of the Udachnaya pipe. These faults represent zones of increased fracturing, brecciation and tectonic foliation, distinguished from adjacent areas by increased destruction of the rock mass. Specifics of tectonic fracture distribution within structural and lithological domains are determined by the presence of multidirectional prevailing systems of tectonic fracturing, as well as by differences in their quantitative characteristics. With some exceptions, the main systems form a diagonal network of fractures (northeastern – northwestern orientation), which is typical for larger structural forms – faults. Despite the differences in dip orientation of the systems, most of them correspond to identified directions, which is typical for both kimberlites and sedimentary strata. Overall disturbance of the massif, expressed in terms of elementary block volume, reaches its peak in the western ore body. For such type of deposits, friction properties of fracture structures have average values. Consideration of geological and structural data in the design and development of new levels of the deposit will allow to maintain the necessary balance between efficiency and safety of performed operations.

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Evgenii V. Serebryakov, Andrei S. Gladkov (2021) Geological and structural characteristics of deep-level rock mass of the Udachnaya pipe deposit. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 250. p. 512-525. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2021.4.4