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Sergei S. Andreiko
Sergei S. Andreiko
Head of the Laboratory of Geotechnical Processes and Mine Gas Dynamics, Dr.Habil., Professor
Perm National Research Polytechnic University
Perm Russia
Head of the Laboratory of Geotechnical Processes and Mine Gas Dynamics, Dr.Habil., Professor
Perm National Research Polytechnic University
Perm
Russia
14
Total cited
2
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Articles

  • Date submitted
    2020-05-08
  • Date accepted
    2020-06-12
  • Date published
    2020-12-25

Gas-dynamic roof fall during the potash deposits development

In the development of practically all potash salt deposits, the study of gas-dynamic phenomena (GDP) is one of the most difficult tasks to ensure mining safety. Sudden salt and gas outbursts, dynamic breakdown, which are accompanied by intense gas release and possible broken rock carry-over into the mine workings, are associated with GDP. Geological preconditions for the GDP development are often the layered structure of the salt rock mass, the presence of interlayers and layers of salt clays. For the conditions of the Usolsky potash plant mine, complex studies of factors that characterize the possibility of gas-dynamic roof fall of the stoping rooms were carried out. In mine studies, free gases pressure and the initial velocity of gas release in the rocks of the roof workings were determined. The obtained experimental estimations were used as a parametric basis for mathematical modeling of geomechanical processes under conditions of a near-contact accumulation of free gas. The deformation of a layered salt mass produced by a room development system was described by the model of an ideal elastic-plastic medium with internal friction. The parabolic envelope of Mohr circles was used as a plasticity criterion in the compression area. In the numerical implementation, the deformation of clay contacts was modeled by Goodman contact elements. Based on the results of multivariate numerical calculations, it is established that the main factors determining the possibility of implementing GDP are the additional gas pressure at the contact, the width of the workingspan, and the distance from the roof to the first gas-containing contact. With multi-level lamination of roof rocks, there is a danger of large sources of GDP formation and the mechanism of successive fall of layers in an instant mode is implemented.

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Alexander A. Baryakh, Sergei S. Andreiko, Anton K. Fedoseev (2020) Gas-dynamic roof fall during the potash deposits development. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 246. p. 601-609. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2020.6.1