The task of improving the calculations of the dynamic modes of electric drives of self-propelled mining machines, particulary, tunneling machines, is considered. Attention is drawn to the possibility to opearte in dynamic modes of a spatial change in the an asynchronous electric motor stator housing position, included in the electric drive, around the axis of its rotor due to the ultimate rigidity of the supports of the mining machine. In connection to this, it is possible to change the absolute angular velocity of rotation of the electromagnetic field of the stator of this electric motor. The necessity of introducing into existing mathematical models that determine the state and behavior of asynchronous electric motors, additional differential and algebraic relations for calculating the absolute speed of the electromagnetic field of the stator and the nature of the motion of the stator housing of the electric motor as part of the mining machine is noted. The results of calculations of the idle start mode of the electric motor of the executive body of the mining combine are shown, showing the difference in the nature of its electromagnetic moment variation, rotor rotation speed, as well as efforts in individual reducer elements of the driving body driving the stator body from similar calculation results without taking into account the stator body movement. The conclusion is made about the possible discrepancy between the calculated and experimental results in the study of the dynamic modes of self-propelled mining machines.
The task of controlling the dynamic loading of scraper face conveyors (SC) is considered and the unsatisfactory state of loading of mechanical and electrical components of the SC is recorded. The possibility of the appearance of a self-oscillatory nature of the entire system load due to the peculiarities of the movement of the traction chain along the lattice frame of the SC is indicated. The property of the system is noted – the cyclic nature of the loading of the circuit during movement, which causes energy exchange processes between the mechanical and electromotive components of the conveyor (when using the head and tail electric drives) through the common cable network of the power supply system of the SC. A high level of dynamic loading of the electromechanical system causes the problem of eliminating the self-oscillating operating mode of the SC that generates it which is proposed to be solved by changing the angular rotation speeds of the SC drive sprockets. Angular speeds can be changed by applying frequency control of asynchronous electric motors. The efficiency of setting the frequency of electric motor stator currents of the head and tail drives of the conveyor is established in proportion to the frequency of rotors rotation to eliminate self- oscillating modes of operation in the main operating mode. The possibility of reducing the starting shock values of the electromagnetic moments of electric motors is considered. The results of the calculation of the start-up and liquidation of the self-oscillating operating mode are presented on the example of the scraper face conveyor Anzhera-34. The results of calculations of the start-up modes and the main operational transportation of coal in an uncontrolled mode of operation and after the introduction of control are compared, based on which it is concluded that it is advisable to use active control of the dynamic loading of SC.