The factors that have the greatest impact on the probability of occurrence of endogenous fires in the mining of powerful steep seams of the Prokopyevsko-Kiselevskoye field of Kuzbass have been established. The differentiation of endogenous fires by reservoirs in the conditions of Prokopyevskugol Management Company LLC was carried out. The influence of the main mining and technical factors on the probability of spontaneous ignition of strata was studied. It was concluded that during the mining of thick steep seams, the main cause of spontaneous ignition is the abandonment of interstory coal pillars, which are concentrated accumulations of destroyed coal. The principles of designing technological schemes for mining seams prone to spontaneous ignition are formulated. A method of mining powerful steep seams prone to spontaneous ignition that excludes leaving inter-story coal pillars and ensures reliable isolation of the mined area is proposed.
The structure of mineral resource losses during mining of thick steep-sloped and steep seams with the use of the system of under-stage hydraulic extraction in the conditions of OAO Prokopyevskugol was determined. The influence of the main mining-geological and mining-technical factors on losses of minerals was studied. The factors that have the greatest influence on the mineral extraction coefficient were determined. It is concluded that, when determining the height of the subfloor, it is necessary to consider the width of the squeeze zone formed at the border with the mined-out space. The method of determining the parameters of the squeezing zone in the area of the influence of the mining operations is developed. The principles of designing the technological schemes of the mine workings are formulated. Recommendations on the rational arrangement of sub-stage drifts in different mining and geological conditions were developed. The economic effect from the implementation of the developed recommendations was calculated.
An analysis of the causes of accidents associated with dynamic collapses of the roof rocks in the development system with sub-stage hydraulic extraction in the mines of OAO Prokopievskugol has been carried out. The hypothesis about the mechanism of dangerous dynamic collapses of coal and roof rocks is put forward. It is concluded that, when determining the height of the subfloor, it is necessary to take into account the width of the pushback zone formed at the boundary of the clearing works. The influence of the main geological and mining-technical factors on the parameters of the squeezing zone was studied. It has been proven that the following factors have the greatest influence on the width of the squeezing zone: the depth of the mining works, the thickness of the mined seam, the strength of the coal. Recommendations for determining the height of the subfloor, providing safe working conditions for miners in the conditions of the hydro mine Tyrganskaya are developed. The method of mining subfloors with an increased height is proposed. For its implementation the size of the squeezing zone and the length of the working jet of the hydraulic gun is calculated and the position of the undestroyed coal zone is determined taking into account these parameters. Coal massif de-strengthening in this zone is made to exclude the coal pack hang-up by, for example, hydraulic fracturing or explosion of explosive charges. The economic effect of implementing the developed recommendations has been calculated.