The differential-normalized method of electrical exploration (DNME), by means of polarization study of the secondary sulphidation zone (depth ~ 0,4-0,6 km), allows making conclusion about existence and parameters of an oil and gas deposit (depth up to ~ 2-5 km). The approximate solution of the system of nonlinear differential equations in partial derivatives for concentration of sulfur-hydrogen and pyrite (polarizability) as the function of oil-gas deposit depth has been received. The results are confirmed by experimental investigations in the North Sea.
The use of the geoelectrochemical method of ion-selective electrodes for continuous recording of hydrocarbon micro-components – heavy metals – during the vessel movement to search for oil and gas deposits on the shelf is justified theoretically and experimentally. The existence of «jet» halos in the water column above the shelf oil and gas deposits is discovered experimentally and the method of geoelectrochemical ion-selective electrodes as well as the developed instrumentation for recording these halos is described. The application of a new geoelectrochemical method for prospecting in motion (without sampling) both structural and non-structural oil and gas deposits on the shelf is justified.
Possibility of the natural electric field formation in conditions of the lateritic weathering crust of the ultra basic rocks in presence of extended in depth magnetite bearing bodies is proved. Theoretical curves of concentration of the dissolved oxygen and oxidized forms of magnetite are obtained. It is enough satisfied coincidence with the experimental data.
The theoretical basis for correlation between the results of two geoelectrochemical methods at different depths of sampling is presented. The field data confirm the conclusion.