During monitoring since 2005 to 2008 at the Astrakhan gas-field it has been recorded three technogenic earthquakes. Results of geodetic levelling for the given period allow to approve that seismic event is preceded by raisings of a surface and its subsequent subsidence as a its result of unloading. That allows to use geodetic levelling for the forecast of technogenic seismic phenomena for oil and gas fields.
Rock mechanics in petroleum industry is used for determination of geomechanical models of rock mass, calculating parameters of rock subsidence, stability of oil and gas wells, problems relevant to geodynamics. The present paper describes the analytical and numerical analyses of compaction in reservoir, following reduction in filter-capacity performance and well productivity.
The Differential Interferometry SAR (DInSAR) has recently become one of the most popular methods to reveal and analyze the subsidence of the ground. This method is considered by researchers to be well suited to solve a problem of small relative ground shifts survey applying the short (centimeter) radio waves.
The Permion State Technical University and ASE «VNIItsvetmet» have carried out in situ measurements of stress-strain state at the Tishinsky lead-zinc ore deposit. Measurements and interpretation of deformations and stresses caused by excavation were used. Complex of researches made it possible to solve some important problems for safeguarding effective and secure ore production ore on deep level.
It was established the increase of movement angles with mining depth and the mechanism of forming the stable natural arching in underground mining of ore deposits. The conditions and parameters of forming the stable natural arching were determined, under which the zone of dangerous deformations localizes inside the ore mass and does not manifest itself on the earth surface. The nomogram for analytical determination of the rock movement angles was developed, and the table was drawn up of the natural arching conditions with due account of main mining-and-geological factors of ore deposit occurrence and its mining.
At ore mines of the Silvinit Co. for accounting and movement of reserves are developed and used special tools, using GIS within the information system. Their use allows to automate accounting and monitoring of status and movement of stocks, including the formation of the reporting tables.