State to initiate the formation of clusters in the diamond complex Russia assumes priority financing of innovation the industry and the simultaneous strengthening of the economic system, mediating diamond complex infrastructure and geographically. But productivity growth due to innovative activity of one branch can lead to a slowdown in other sectors. Indirect support for clusters include the activities of public-private partnership to stimulate competition, demand creation and support of allied industries, export promotion, development of training programs and links to science, infrastructure support of the cluster, antitrust, insurance risks, etc.
Innovation processes in the diamond-brilliant complex provides qualitative changes that lead to greater efficiency of the complex and thus contribute to the growth of competitiveness and efficiency of the enterprises included in the complex. For export-oriented diamond-brilliant complex implementation of an innovative cluster structure is one of the determining factors, since it is under modern conditions determines the success of this business. Thus, evaluation of the effectiveness of the implementation mechanism for the clustering of the diamond-brilliant industry of Russia is a challenge whose solution will improve the efficiency of the complex and to identify areas for further development.
Now the economy of Russia possesses a heredity in the form of the Soviet model of the organization of the industry – territorial industrial complexes which needs updating for conformity to market economy and globalization calls. Today «growth points» – industrial complexes as set concerning homogeneous the companies with high innovative potential which simultaneously would act as the base, «nutritious» environment for formation and development of new subjects of economic system are necessary not large, badly operated and разнонаправленные conglomerates, and. Industrial clusters represent one of the most effective forms of the organiza- tion of the industry and all subjects of economic system.
Diamond complex – one of the economy sectors, the kept potential of the expanded reproduction in the conditions of crisis. Russia, along with the republic of South Africa, Australia, Zaire, Botswana, Angola and Namibia is included into number of seven largest diamond-mining countries of the world and takes the second place in the world on volume of extraction of diamonds, being the world leader on stocks of diamond raw materials. Reserves of increase of efficiency at the separate enterprises and branch as a whole are revealed. Problems of strengthening of position of object of research on internal and a foreign market are defined.