The article deals with equivalenting of complex electrical networks of industrial enterprises. In the article the different methods of averaging equivalenting elements in power systems are compared, specifically, the method of moments, the equivalent section method, and the average value method. The current value of the capacitor bank as part of the electrotechnical complex of the enterprise is the main criterion for determining the equivalenting error of the electric network. The equivalenting in the presence of high harmonics in electrical networks of the enterprise is considered by applying the methods under discussion. Comparison of these equivalenting methods in the presence of high harmonics shows that the error in the calculation of capacitor bank current ranges from 3,8 to 14,7 %. In addition, the most accurate method for determining the capacitor bank overload is the method of moments.
This work contains the method of effective reactive power compensation at the expense of high harmonics reduction. The decrease of condenser batteries overloading from the high harmonics is based on variation of condenser power depending on current and voltage spectral structure, electric network parameters and load power.
This work contains brief analysis of high harmonics reduction methods. It is offered to make a choice between reduction methods of high harmonics influence on condenser batteries depending on factors of harmonics occurrence. Definition algorithm for the most effective method of high harmonics reduction on condenser batteries operation is created.
The article discusses the issues of identifying the location of non-linear loads in electrical networks which makes the main contribution to the distortion of the non-sinusoidal voltage and current in the distribution network of an industrial enterprise, including mining enterprises. The existing methods for determining the location of the source of higher harmonic components in voltage and current are considered, their advantages and disadvantages are revealed. The main disadvantages of the methods used include the low accuracy and incorrectness of their use in existing enterprises. When developing a new method, the authors were faced with the task of simplicity of its use in the conditions of industrial operation of electrical equipment and the absolute correctness of the results obtained. The proposed method of identifying the source of higher harmonics is based on the variation of the parameters of the power system, in particular, the change in resistance of power transformers taking into account their transformation ratio. It is shown that by varying the transformation ratio during regulation under load, the total coefficient of the harmonic components of the voltage changes. Based on the constructed dependencies, the variation of the derivative of this function with different variations of the parameters of sources of higher harmonics is analyzed and a method is developed that allows determining the share contribution of consumers to the total harmonic component of the voltage.