The main trends in the global mineral complex: extraction of essential minerals, exporters, importers, and the level of competition in the global mineral resources sector. The peculiarities of the development of world mineral complex. It is demonstrated the position of Russia in the mineral complex of the world: Russia's share of world reserves and mining, Russian exports of major products mineral complex that characterizes the competitiveness of the national economy. The conclusion: Russia needs a competent government regulation of subsoil use, appropriate to market economic conditions, increasing the share of exports of value-added products and reduce dependence on imports.
It is considered the possible influence of the accession of Russia to the World Trade Organization on attraction of investments in exploration industry, Necessary changes in the legislation on the use of subsoil for the creation and activity of the junior geological companies have to be made It is noted differences between the Russian classification of mineral reserves and resources from the international standards. It is need to develop modern classification of reserves and establishm independent organizations in evaluation of deposits.
The article deals with state of the mineral base oil in major oil producing countries of the world. It is considered tendencies of its changes over a long period, the factors influencing the sharp increase in proven reserves in the world in recent years. Analyzed the position of Russia among oil producing countries: the volume of proven reserves of oil, production and reproduction of mineral oil base. The results of the Russian largest oil companies: oil production, the state of mineral resources, the results of exploration are presented. It is submitted the main tendencies that affect the global demand for liquid hydrocarbons.
The problems of public-private partnership (PPP) in the subsurface are considered. There are identified problems of PPP development in field of subsoil use in different regions of Russia. It is proposed to use the methodological approaches to solving problems identified by the concentration of efforts and resources within the compact areas – mineral centers of economic development (CED).
We consider a special form of interaction between government and private business – public-private partnership (PPP). Perspectives of the development of PPP in the subsoil: geological exploration of mineral resources, reproduction and use of mineral resources in many regions are analised. Main features of the Russian version of the PPP in the mineral complex are shown. The brief review of the internationally accepted form of classification of PPP is made.
In the article the issues connected with the accession to the WTO in Russia are considered. It is noted that the role of the government in the markets of the countries acceding to the WTO reduces (in compliance with all agreements relating to fair competition) while the role of independent and state regulators on behalf of certification bodies increases. The authors think that the WTO accession won’t affect fuel and mineral resources part of export in Russia as there are no serious limitations for sale of mineral resources in the world markets. Under the condition of the accession to the WTO it is proposed to develop economic incentives for companies of the mineral resources sector in order to diversify production and implement innovations.
It is analyzed output, costs and other results of mining activity two large diamond mining enterprises: russian «Severalmaz» and foreign «De Beers – Venetia Mine». It is considered that «Severalmaz» has a huge potential for development. The possible technical, technological and organizational solutions are necessary as they permit to increase the effectiveness of the mineral mining «Severalmaz». The experience of the company «De Beers – Venetia Mine» can be used.
Examined the role of government in the economy, the relationship socio-economic functions of government and business. It is identified a combination of economic and social goals of government and business. The definitions of the social market economy is made. Examined the economic functions of the state and the degree of state regulation in the economy.
The Economic Department of the Mining Institute is 45 years old from the year of its foundation. The main stages of the department development have been considered in this article. Qualifications and fields of training for future specialists have been defined here. The set of disciplines, skills and knowledge, which all graduators have to posses, has been shown. The general trends of the scientific research of department’s scientists and their contribution to the progressing of the domestic economy have been given in the article.
In work the analysis of a state policy sphere concerning fuel and energy complex is lead. The basic lacks and features of legislative regulation and investment of Russian fuel and energy complex are noted. As a result conclusions, that reforming of the Russian legislation on bowels becomes inevitable, have been done. Directions of the legislation development on bowels should be directed on development and acceptances of the federal law about oil and gas; on realization of a control system of the state fund of bowels; on differentiation of conducting subjects in sphere of bowels studying, oil and gas exploration and extraction between authorities of a federal level and federation subjects.