One of the fundamental development factors of global economy is the steady growth of consumption and production of the rare-earth metals (REM). It has been an indicator of eco-nomic development and national security in industrialized countries for decades. The existing resource dependence on the Chinese producers and monopolization of the market promoted ex-tension and realization of REM development state programs in many countries. Established un-der the conditions of centrally planned economy, the Russian rare earth industry is off so far. The key factors of the Russian REM industry degradation are the gap of technological chains, the lack of internal demand for innovative products of high degrees of processing, the low level of mineral processing technologies, the need for skilled workers, the large-scale investments re-quirement. So the interrelation and the difficulty of assessing and managing these factors within their strategic nature actualize the problem of implementation and development of an integrated national program aimed to promote the creation and development of rare-earth production and consumption. Objective: To determine the strategic priorities of creating a system of production-consumption of rare earth industry in Russia in the face of global competition and the mecha-nisms of their maintenance by government regulation. Methodology of research: comparative analysis, system analysis and economic market analysis, forecasting techniques, methods of expert assessment. Research results: The supply and demand assessment of REM global and domestic market in the medium and long term is given. Research covers the state, problems and prospects for re-covery and development of Russian REM industry. The opportunities for operational commis-sioning of natural and man-made sources of rare earth materials are identified. The comparative analysis of existing programs of state regulation of REM in the developed countries is carried out. The proposals for the recovery and development of REM in Russia are formulated.
The model of an assessment of resource value of mining company on the basis of complex application of costing and profitable approaches is developed. The offered model reflects both the quantity of net assets of the company, and value of the mineral and raw assets (MRA) supervised by mining company. Need of an assessment and inclusion in model of value of MRA is caused them by the uncertain status in system of economic resources. Methods of calculation of cost of net assets are systematized and methods of determination of value of MRA are offered. Influence of corporate programs of development on change of resource value on JSC Kovdorsky GOK is shown.
Evolution of the corporate reporting from the regulated financial reporting to the integrated is analysed. Kinds of the corporate reporting, sources of the used information and the requirement to the information are considered. The basic conditions and factors of formation of the integrated reporting are revealed. The basic problems of modern level of the corporate reporting and a direction of its development on an example of the companies of mining branch are shown.
Problems and prospects of the mineral development in the Transbaikalia region are given in the article. The interrelation had between problems in the region and prospects identified in the event of their solutions. The idea create the mining and metallurgical cluster based on the number of large deposits on the region is the main lever for decision problems.
The problems of normative legal regulations of the explorations and the renewal of mineral resource base are considered. Approaches to determine the types and rights of property on the geological information are analyzed. It is proposed measures of the legal regulations in order to improve the current situation.
In article the question on an estimation of natural resources which should not only be estimated by their cost is considered. It is necessary to estimate resources from the point of view of efficiency of a social production as a whole. The variant of estimation of cost of resources from the point of view of effect which is reached as a result of inclusion of the given natural resources in an economic turn is offered, methodological bases of an economic estimation of natural resources are developed.
The problems of rational use of the huge mineral-resource potential of Russia are considered. The causes of insufficient exploration volumes in Russia are analyzed. It is proposed measures of the legal regulations in order to create junior geological companies in Russia and increase private investments to the exploration of deposits.
Reliable estimation of assets valuations in mining companies play a significant role in ensuring capital accessibility as well as correct current and future company valuation. Valuation of assets can be fulfilled either by a costs or by a fair (market) value, and also should be based on the value-based approach that represents management flexibility consideration. By valuation of a mining company's assets and also assets of corporate companies which have mineral assets, it is necessary to consider mineral resources as assets and reveal their systemic and specific features. Mineral resources as assets and mining industry itself have strongly pronounced option characteristics, which determines significance of the option approach's correct application and quantitative assessment of management flexibility. Application of the real options method improves the methodology of a mining company's valuation and strategic management tools by means of an adequate allowance for risk, ensuring of flexibility and strategic decision consistency, opportunities of fast switching over and continuity of changes.
In article the characteristic of leading world oil and gas service companies Shclumberger, Halliburton, Transocean, Weatherford International, Baker Hughes is given, their basic areas of activity are allocated. The basic attention is given their innovative development. The direction of innovative development of Russian enterprise «Sevmorgeo» is defined. It is shown, investment income of oil and gas service does not concede to business on extraction of hydrocarbons.