The results of synthesis hydrocarboalyuminates of calcium (GKAK) using carbonate reagents of different nature and size distribution. A high activity of the lime sludge from causticising soda and food processing conversion of phosphogypsum, which allows us to recommend them for use in the process of obtaining GKAK. Installed limiting stage of interaction of internal diffusion of the reactants.
The materials physical and chemical analysis of the reasons of instability particle size distribution of productional of aluminum hydroxide in the processing of bauxite by Bayer process. Shown that the frequency of changes in the properties precipitate Al(OH)3, formed during the precipitation of aluminate solutions determined by the dependence of the growth processes on the relative supersaturation of the system per unit area of the seed. Found determines the influence of concentration injected seed aluminum hydroxide and its active surface (which varies under the influence of impurities in the aluminate solution) on the parameters of the periodic changes in the properties of sediment.
Materials of calculation of solubility of aluminum hydroxide in the system Na2O – K2O – Al2O3 – H2O, by data of the solubility in the private sections of this system for a wide range of compositions aluminate solutions by the content of alkaline components are presented. It is shown that the solubility of aluminum hydroxide in the range of concentration of alkaline components from 1,29 mol/l to 1,94 mol/l is a linear function of the mol fraction of one of them. The results of experimental researches on decomposition of aluminate solutions are given. Significant increase of the degree of decomposition of aluminate solutions in per cents of the theoretical values with growth of mol fraction of K2O in a mixture of alkaline components has been established.
The materials of mass transfer kinetic analysis of complicated by the establishment of adsorption equilibrium, during alumina liquor precipitation of alumina production. It is shown that the presence of strongly adsorbing impurities is one of the determinants of the intensity of the aluminum hydroxide chemical precipitation. The results of experimental studies on the alumina liquor precipitation with the participation of adsorption active components.
The role of thermodynamic and kinetic factors in the formation of the real structure of chemical precipitation. On the example of gibbsite precipitation from alkaline aluminate solutions is set to take place in parallel crystallization processes in the formation of production (rheological) properties of the solid phase formed during the chemical interaction is presented.
Experimental results of thermal deposition of crystal hydrates of magnesium sulfate from a solution containing sulphates of alkali metals. Set of indicators as a function of the kinetically relevant factors. It was shown possible to describe the crystallization kinetics equation of magnesium sulphate topochemical processes and identify its characteristics.