Data are presented on the results of X-Ray structural and thermal analyses, data from chemical and microscopic studies of serpentines of chrysotile Mg3Si2O5(OH)4 – pecoraite Ni3Si2O5(OH)4 series from the silicate nickel deposits in the Urals. Nomenclature is updated of the studied serpentines following the regulations of the International Mineralogic Association. It is demonstrated that the studied minerals are the chief ore minerals in serpentinite zones of nickel fields. Issues are reviewed of formation of serpentines of the chrysotile-pecoraite series in conjunction with hydrothermal processes. It is suggested the two-tier structure of the Ural supergene nickel fields, where supergene upper tier has "roots" in the form of hydrothermal lower tier, which significantly expands the area of the search for new fields and opens great opportunities in this ancient district of ore.
University museums are a group of educational museums of various specializations that are created to support the educational process, serve as a scientific research base for the academic teaching staff and students, and contribute to the knowledge development, transfer, and popularization. The foundation of the scientific and educational tourism cluster on the basis of the two world oldest mining museums and universities will make it possible to create a modern multifunctional structure with a high degree of interdisciplinarity. New forms of cluster interaction will include elements of various industries and fields of knowledge and guarantee not only economic benefits, but also fulfil an important role in the social relations development. The present stage of cluster development is focused on the creation of multifunctional structures characterized by the high interdisciplinary specialization. Special attention should be paid to a combination of the above-listed spheres, for example, the creation of a scientific and educational tourism cluster based on university museums.