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V. L. Trushko
V. L. Trushko
National Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
Russia
National Mineral Resources University (Mining University)
Russia
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Articles

  • Date submitted
    2016-10-12
  • Date published
    2015-05-01

Study of technological properties of the yakovlevskiy mine sintering ore

The work reveals the ability of the Yakovlevskiy mine sinter ore to improve pelletizing of a sinter mix, to reduce its flow resistance in 4-5 times, to increase capacity of a sinter machine, to improve the sintering uniformity and sinter quality, to reduce consumption of agglomeration solid fuels and coke. Application of the Yakovlevskiy sinter ore moves sintering process to a modern technical level of charge in the sintering bed 500-600 mm in height without the use of expensive high-vacuum exhausters.

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V. L. Trushko, V. A. Utkov, A. S. Klyamko (2015) Study of technological properties of the yakovlevskiy mine sintering ore. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 215. p. 52.
  • Date submitted
    2016-11-14
  • Date published
    2012-05-01

Look-ahead estimation of consequences mines works under high-voltage line of electric transfers and monitoring behind their condition

The way of precalculation downing and raisings of the wires suspended to support air Line of electric transfers, being in a zone of influence of mountain works is resulted. The technique of carrying out of monitoring high-voltage air Line of electric transfers is stated at it mines works.

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V. N. Gusev, A. S. Mironov, V. L. Trushko, Nguen Suan Bak (2012) Look-ahead estimation of consequences mines works under high-voltage line of electric transfers and monitoring behind their condition. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 199. p. 236.
  • Date submitted
    2016-11-13
  • Date published
    2016-05-01

Development of import subtituting technologies for increasing productivity of sintering machines and strength of agglomerates

A problem of industrial fluxed agglomerates self-destruction in the process of cooling after sintering has been examined. It has been revealed that the main reason of strength degradation is polymorphism of dicalcium silicate Ca2SiO4 (or short designation С2S): β-Ca2SiO4 ® γ-Ca2SiO4. Ways for increasing the  agglomerate  strength by physical and crystal-chemical stabilization of the high temperature modification of C2S have been proposed and tested. Physical stabilization of C2S agglomerate is increased with its structure reinforcement due to thickening of walls between large pores that is achieved by increasing height of the sintered layer through improvement of its gas permeability. The task is addressed by substituting the previously used import sintering ore with the  polydisperse ore from the Yakovlevo field, which improves the charge  pelletizing by 3-4 times and helps to bring the  height of the sintered layer and the strength of the domestic agglomerate up to the international best practice standards, while eliminating a need to purchase import high-vacuum   exhausters. In practice crystal-chemical stabilization of C2S within iron-ore  agglomerate is ensured by adding an  opti- mal multicomponent additive in the form of the    waste product  generated in production  of alumina  from bauxites, i.e. the red mud, to the initial sinter charge. Thus mechanical strength of agglomerates and pellets is increased by 5-10 % and their hot strength improves by 20-40 %. The productivity of sintering machines and blast furnaces improves by 5-10 %. Specific coke consumption reduces by 2-2.5 %. In production of iron-ore pellets red mud is substituting the import  bentonite.

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V. L. Trushko, V. A. Utkov (2016) Development of import subtituting technologies for increasing productivity of sintering machines and strength of agglomerates. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 221. p. 675. DOI: 10.18454/pmi.2016.5.675
  • Date submitted
    2016-11-17
  • Date published
    2012-03-01

Improving of the competitiveness of iron ore production based on full using of mineral raw materials

The non-tailing technology for processing of high grade iron ore Yakovlevsky deposit was created. The technology allows obtaining high-quality competitive product for iron and steel industry and in addition producing very high demand and competitive red iron oxide pigment. As the basis of beneficiation cycle, fine grinding of  material  with  close  circuit classification in hydrocyclones can be considered. To produce briquettes mixture of martite, hydro-hematite ores and non-pigment fraction, which is obtained in pigment cycle, are used. The ore is subjected to pre-screening. A coarse grain is used as final material for metallurgical processing. The fine grain is sent to the briquetting.

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A. S. Klyamko, V. L. Trushko, V. B. Kuskov (2012) Improving of the competitiveness of iron ore production based on full using of mineral raw materials. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 197. p. 245.
  • Date submitted
    2016-11-17
  • Date published
    2012-03-01

Control of air quality during the building of underground construction

The mine technical features of building of  underground  structures determining  selection and parameters of ventilating systems and an air conditioning are reviewed, the engineering solutions on increase of control efficiency by quality of air are offered.

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V. L. Trushko, S. G. Gendler, A. A. Yakovenko (2012) Control of air quality during the building of underground construction. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 197. p. 256.
  • Date submitted
    2016-11-18
  • Date published
    2012-02-01

Quality influence of grouting process for volume stress-strain condition of the soils mass near the tunnel’s face which situated in the proterozoic clays

The analysis of soils stress-strain condition for different lining including in work period retards from tunnel’s face with applying of finite-elements method is adduced. The graphical relations of stresses, displacements, soils inelastic area configuration were obtained. According to these relations final graphical relation of temporary grouting influence for permanent lining stress-strain condition was  developed.

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V. L. Trushko, A. N. Shokov (2012) Quality influence of grouting process for volume stress-strain condition of the soils mass near the tunnel’s face which situated in the proterozoic clays. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 196. p. 101.
  • Date submitted
    2016-11-25
  • Date published
    2011-06-01

Preparation of iron-ore materials for iron and steel industry

Briquetting in ferrous metallurgy is the earliest way clotting. In the beginning of XX century briquetting has been forced out by agglomeration basically for the reason considerably more productivity of process of agglomeration. As alternative to agglomeration pelletizing  became.  It started to be popular in the XX-th century, that is quite explainable by essential increase of manu- facture fine particle concentrates. However briquetting has a number of advantages. For  some  kinds of iron ores briquetting can be preferable process. Such ores are rich iron ores with iron content 60 % and more. The technology of briquetting includes crushing, preliminary screening for removing of large particle size classes; dispensing and mixing martite ore, and hydrohematite ores; mixing with binder substances; pressing; screening for removing of small size briquettes; drying. The received briquettes have density 3200-3600 kg/m3, durability on uniaxial compression more then 4,5 MPа.

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V. L. Trushko, R. E. Dashko, V. B. Kuskov, A. V. Kornev, A. S. Klyamko (2011) Preparation of iron-ore materials for iron and steel industry. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 194. p. 120.
  • Date submitted
    2016-12-05
  • Date published
    2011-02-01

Technology of «cold» briquetting of rich ores of the Jakovlevsky deposit

Rich iron ores of the Jakovlevsky deposit are fine metallurgical raw materials. These ores are suitable for melt of high-quality metal at the minimum cost price as doesn't demand mineral processing. Ores contain a considerable quantity of fine classes particles and need briquetting. Mining operations include quality control of mined ore. The technology of briquetting includes, preliminary screening for removing of large classes; dispensing and preliminary mixing 85-90 % martite, iron-micaceousmartite ores and 10-15 % hydrohematite ores; mixing with connective substances; pressing; drying. The received briquettes have density 3200-3500 kg/m 3 , durability on compression 4,5 MPа.

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V. L. Trushko, R. E. Dashko, V. B. Kuskov, A. S. Klyamko (2011) Technology of «cold» briquetting of rich ores of the Jakovlevsky deposit. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 190. p. 133.
  • Date submitted
    2016-12-20
  • Date published
    2010-01-01

Geomechanical and hydrogeological problems оf the Yakovlevsky deposit development

The article deals with geomechanical and hydrogeological problems under the Yakovlevsky ore deposit development including variations in strength properties. The estimation of feasible underground water inrush inside the mining excavation is done. In situ results of ore strata deformation around excavation are discussed. Numerical modeling of stress and strain in the waterproofing ore pillar due to partially backfilling of excavation is carried out.

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V. L. Trushko, A. G. Protosenya, R. E. Dashko (2010) Geomechanical and hydrogeological problems оf the Yakovlevsky deposit development. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 185. p. 9.
  • Date submitted
    2017-10-25
  • Date published
    2017-10-25

Topicality and possibilities for complete processing of red mud of aluminous production

In the aluminum industry, the largest amount of waste is red mud (RM). that is a solid bauxite residue after hydrochemical processing and extraction of alumina. The topicality of its processing was shown by the ecological catastrophe in Hungary (2010), where the bund wall of the slurry storage was destroyed and the viscous mass of fine red mud fell on thousands of hectares of land. The risks of a recurrence of such a catastrophe increase due to the increased natural disasters: earthquakes, torrential rains and floods, as well as terrorist attacks. Therefore, it is proposed to exclude the storage of red mud in sludge storages and organize its shipment in transportable form to processing complexes. The article presents the results of scientific research and the experience of complex processing of red sludge on an industrial scale with the production of new types of marketable products.

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V. L. Trushko, V. A. Utkov, V. Yu. Bazhin (2017) Topicality and possibilities for complete processing of red mud of aluminous production. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 227. p. 547. DOI: 10.25515/pmi.2017.5.547
  • Date submitted
    2019-05-07
  • Date published
    2019-04-25

PROSPECTS OF GEOMECHANICS DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL PARADIGM

The article describes the role of geomechanics for forecasting the development of geosystems and ensuring the safety of mining operations during the transition to a new technological paradigm. The state and prospects of development of the mineral resource base, including the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, are considered. The directions of technological breakthroughs and the possibility of transforming industrial production based on «cross-cutting» technology and the digital economy are presented. The analysis of geomechanical problems was carried out considering advanced technological changes and the rapid growth of requirements for the preservation of the Earth’s interior and natural landscapes. The concept of the development of geomechanics and geodynamics to ensure rational subsoil use in terms of the use of «breakthrough» technology is proposed, and the need to integrate scientific and industry collaboration into the system of engineering and professional education is shown.

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V. L. Trushko, A. G. Protosenya (2019) PROSPECTS OF GEOMECHANICS DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL PARADIGM. Journal of Mining Institute. Vol 236. p. 162. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2019.2.162