Method of excavation support and tunnel lining design is worked out. Stiffness of soil strata is considered as nonlinear elastic. The problem is solved in plane strain condition according to elastic theory. The distribution of average load on excavation support is given.
In this article the analysis of the stress-strain state of the external and internal contours of the lining, which appears during the process of the drilling of tunnels with using of contledge of the face which applied in Tunnel Boring Machines, is adduced. The finite element method diagrams obtained the minimum and maximum principal stresses on the outer and inner contours of output. Relationship obtained in the surface sediments depending on the depth of the tunnels.
In this article the analysis of reinforcing effect, which appears during the process of the drilling of tunnels with using of contledge of the face which applied in Tunnel Boring Machines (TBM), is adduced. By applying of the finite-elements method the family of graphical relations, which reflects the processes of the development of displacements, is approached. The influence of the main strength characteristics of Couloumb-Mohrs’s theory of strength on stability of the face of the tunnel and the necessary value of contledge of the tunnel’s face are defined.