Complexity of hydrogeological and engineering-geological conditions of the Jakovlevsky deposit and the basic tendencies of their change is characterized at expansion of front of mining works and increases in volumes of extraction of rich iron ores. It is noticed that safety of conducting mining works is defined by formation and development of dangerous mining-and- geological processes. Substantive provisions of forecasting of mining-and-geological processes on Jakovlevsky mine are resulted. Possibility of occurrence of underground waters breaks from undrained water bearing horizons is considered. Ordering of processes of native and native-technogenetics genesis within an allotment of Jakovlevsky mine is executed and the basic directions of actions for increase of safety of exploitation of mine are planned.