Difference in apparent resistivity values determined in galvanic and inductive electrical and electromagnetic methods depends on macroanisotropy of layered cross-section and decreased penetration depth of galvanic methods without changing penetration depth of inductive methods. Joint influence of these two factors in case of high contrast of layers' resistivities results in difference in several tens of apparent resistivity values.
New field technology for studying anisotropy of hydraulic properties in fractured rocks on azimuthal self potential (SP) measurements, developed by D.N. Wishart and L. Slater, is considered and used to study water filtration in loose grain sediments of river floodplain. Azimuthal SP diagrams allow finding direction of groundwater filtration and can add to traditional azimuthal resistivity survey.