On the basis of the identity of qualitative distribution of curvature and horizontal deformations the boundary horizontal deformation value is found to assess the water conducting fracture zones height through the deformation parameter. Due to the characteristics of the process of strata movement in geological conditions of Yakovlevski rich iron ore deposit, the values of the boundary horizontal deformation and fracture zone height were found.
According to the results of geomechanical monitoring in the excavations of Yakovlevski mine distribution of zone water conducting fractures in consequence of displacement and deformation of rocks from concrete backfilling voids evaluated. The convergence of the boundary curvature and the curvature obtained from observations of strata movement to a single span istaken into consideration.
The complexity condition of ground in the process of open mining coal are determined inclination of seam, seam height, seam depth. It was confirmed by operations analysis recoverability benk. The dependence index of labour requirement and cost of mining operations on written factors was indentified. Magnitude of factors and gegree impact on technical and economic performance coal opencasts of Kuzbass.
The correlation basic componentry of coal-mining as a natural result influence on ashcontent and internals coal of stratal assise, it predetermines physical and mechanical properties of them. Complex data about content and properties of coal is informative basis for engineering computation and mine technical action item for administration of quality and quantity coal-mining.
The influence of the uniaxial static stress on creep in the polycrystalline rocks was studied. The study was performed using the original method of loaded complex oscillator. The theory of the method is proposed, The measurements were performed for polycrystalline khibinite. The advantages of the method before traditional methods for studying of physical mechanisms of creep are demonstrated.
The influence of the uniaxial static stress on the Young’s modulus and on the internal friction of the polycrystalline rocks was studied. It was showed, that the effects of micropores and microcracks on the nonlinear elasticity and unelasticity of material are different. This makes possible different control of such parameters as microporosity and microcracking. The study was performed using the original method of loaded complex oscillator.
The optimization of the survey work quarries and heap of terrestrial laser scanner is taken to account. Optimization is based on the analysis of correlation between time spent on scanning, reflectors decoding quality, scans registration accuracy for different distances between the laser scanning system and reflector.
The way of precalculation downing and raisings of the wires suspended to support air Line of electric transfers, being in a zone of influence of mountain works is resulted. The technique of carrying out of monitoring high-voltage air Line of electric transfers is stated at it mines works.
The technique of determination of deformation parameters of process of displacement of rocks on the basis of data of monitoring is stated by laser scanning systems according to which subsidence and deformation receive from comparison of the corresponding profiles which have been carried out in any direction on digital models of a site of monitoring, reflecting different stages of process of displacement.
In article the information on the modern systems of monitoring intended for control of a deformation condition of rocks and buildings, being in a zone of influence of mountain works is stated. Principles and features of work of some types of gages and systems are stated. Problems with introduction of such systems in Russia are specified. The urgency of carry- ing out special scientific and applied researches for maintenance of introduction of such systems at realization of actions for protection of buildings and constructions is shown.
Studies of the processes of displacement of rock massif layers in the course of their initial underworking indicate that their maximum curvature tends to decrease in the inverse proportion to squared distance to coal bed from the layer in question. It manifests itself in the distribution of vertical extension deformations: these are the largest in the vicinity of the coal bed and decrease towards the surface. Such is the consequence of the mechanism of bending the massive layers: the curvature of underlying layers is higher than that of overlying ones. In the zone of complete underworking the maximum curvature of each layer of the repeatedly underworked bedded formation is equal to the maximum curvature of the surface, that is the curvature of the overlying layer repeats the curvature of the underlying one. Hence, the maximum curvature of any layer in the massive is inversely proportional to squared depth of the coal bed suite. Note that the distribution of vertical deformations of the massive differs in both its quality and quantity from that of the initially underworked massive: vertical deformations are an order of magnitude fewer and their distribution is presented by alternating deformations of extension and compression. Such is the consequence of the mechanism of layer bending in case the massive is underworked repeatedly and it explains why the height of the zone of water conducting fractures does not grow in such conditions with respect to the one formed during the excavation of the initial layer of the suite. The technique of forecasting the development of zone of water conducting fractures developed on the basis of such geomechanical processes makes possible safe excavation of coal beds under aquifers.
Account method of laser-scanning survey of hydraulic engineering tunnels of 2,7 km is stated in the general extent. The visual way of inspection of the tunnels, carried out in parallel with their leveling is resulted. The way of a deformation estimation of a condition of tunnels by the geometrical analysis of 3D-models received according to laser-scanning survey is considered.
The mechanism of formation of technogeny cracks (cracks of stratification and perpendicular flog cracks), including water spending is stated at primary and repeated mine layers of massif of rocks on coal deposits. It is shown possibility of application of a method of typical curves for an estimation of development of technogeny water spending cracks.
Now questions of the metrological control in маркшейдерских works have the uncertain status. The law in force about maintenance is uniform-stva measurements does not include in control sphere маркшейдерские work. Predlaga-etsja to return to practice of independent performance калибровочных works on the certificated ranges.
The factors influencing for open mountain works are established, bases of geologo-information model, typification of mountain-geological complexity of working out of coal deposits of advanced ways and means primary geologiche-skoj are offered the information. An effective method of a supply with information mine works is drawing up of the geologo-technological passport dredge-face. For mine works and their key process – drilling and explosive works the most significant geologists-cheskie the factors which are subject to studying and use for drawing up of passport drilling and explosive works are established. Skilled detonation confirms expediency of the offered improvements and use of laws of the geological factors, influencing crushing of breeds.
The mathematical apparatus of the decision of a linear notch for development of networks triangulation with measured lengths in the conditions of Hebron (Palestin) is presented. The algorithm of equalizing and an estimation of accuracy of the points inserted into a network is offered. Using algorithms of the decision of a linear notch, equalizing and an estimation of accuracy of the inserted points, the program automating these procedures is written. Practical application of this program is shown.