The article focuses influence of disjunctive dislocations on parameters of secure zones on flat-lying adjacent coal seams is considered.
Estimation of the strain-and-stress state and displacement of the waterprotective layers in vicinity of mining excavations in conditions of SKRU-3 mine (Uralkali Group) is done. It is shown that loadings on pillars on layer Kr.II exceed 15-20 % loadings on layer AB.
The relationship between displacements of the excavation contour and distance to the excavation face is obtained in the paper. The relationship allows to calculate support pressure with the account for delay of the support installation. Some calculation results of axial forces in the support are given. Calculations are made on the basis of finite-element method with three dimensional models.
An example of application of finite element method in rock mechanics is presented. Parameters of stress-and-strain state of rocks in vicinity of a shallow transport excavation are estimated. Some results of numerical modeling are presented.
Numerical experiment is characterized as one of the research methods in rock mechanics. Definition of the method is given. Specifics of rock mass as a research object are described.
Approaches to selection of technological mining schemes based on selective potash seam extraction are described. Progressive technological mining schemes for potash mining company «Belaruskaliy» and the geological conditions of the IV potash horizon are reviewed. Basic aspects of the geomechanical substantiation of parameters of technological mining schemes for conditions of the new potash horizon in the presence of influence of the overlying horizons are also presented. Guidelines for substantiation of progressive mining methods for the conditions of the IV potash horizon (Third Mine, «Belaruskaliy») are developed on the basis of the modeling of the stress-and-strain state of the rocks.
The scheme of approach of evaluation of the stability of underground structures with account for seismic activity of rock strata is introduced. Some aspects of estimation of stability of underground structures under dynamic loads are also present. Methods of choosing the safe parameters of underground mining with account for seismic and tectonic activity of rocks are shown.
Technological scheme of selective extraction of a complex thick potash seam on the basis of cutting machine «Bucyrus Model 25 M0» is proposed. Stable pillars’ width and room dimensions are calculated. Economical effect is also presented.