Based on the fact that the development of offshore fields that contain huge reserves of hy-drocarbons, is a key area to overcome the negative trends in the oil and gas industry. The article identifies ways to improve the organization and management of the development of the Arctic shelf from a methodological and practical point of view. Three groups of problems of increase of efficiency of interaction of oil and gas companies to governments and companies from other countries: 1) Institutional (taxation, production sharing agreements, concession regime and others.); investment (extension of the list of investment risks and methodical study of their principles); innovation (creation of a new generation of oil and gas equipment, marine oil and gas innova-tion clusters) and the ways to solve them.
The most important areas of investment metallurgical enterprises are today is not only the production but also the management of innovation, such as technology management innovation and investment activity of modern industrial enterprise. The article analyzes the nature and practical importance of innovation and investment activity of the example data analysis sustainability OAO«Severstal» in the postcrisis period, examined various components of innovation and investment activity (resource, Scoring and statistics) and their contribution to improving the efficiency of the enterprise in question.
At the present stage of development of control systems of mining and processing enterprises to compete in the global market requires an open organization, requires flexibility and adaptability. Given that each miner is large and branched structure, operational management of its units is a key factor in its success. But there is a problem to connect strategic business objectives with the activities of its subsidiaries. To solve the problem, we propose the use of a balanced scorecard tool.
In paper the problem of distribution of expenses at the companies with complex processing of mineral raw materials is considered. The method of distribution of expenses on an example of the mining company and its defects is defined. In the conditions of instability in the market of mineral raw materials the minimum limit of the price for each type of production is established, the analysis of offered system of distribution of expenses is carried out and expediency of its application at this company is defined.
The refractory industry, not being the main branch of the Russian economy, is crucial to leading industries such as metallurgy, machinery, fuel and energy, military-industrial complex. Analysis of technical and economic state of the industry has identified the problem in continuous increased competition from foreign companies-producers of refractories. Carrying out and an estimation of economic efficiency of modernization of refractory industry is the actual problem which decision will allow to raise efficiency of the enterprises of the refractory industry and to define the further directions for successful development of industry.
The study of economic, environmental and legal framework of the strategic investment management to the project «Nord Stream» enable industrial enterprises mineral complex of Russia to strengthen innovation with the possibility of attracting foreign investors is not only the development phase and implementation of such projects, but also for their operation. The problems of inertia of the country's economic modernization and identifies ways to overcome it by increasing investment opportunities in companies undertaking renovation and expansion of pro- duction due to the capitalization of its own profits and use of the sinking fund, which can improve not only the country's gas sector, but the majority of enterprises related industries.
Classification and analysis of the factors and ways to improve the investment attractiveness of Russian oil and gas industry make it possible to improve the modernization of enterprises. Assessment of the natural resource potential of the country compared with the leading consumers of fuel resources testifies to their high interest in investing in the domestic NGL. The lackof legal protection and methods to stimulate the deep processing of hydrocarbon raw material prevents updating the material and technical base of the industry.
In article economic and resource maintenance of growth of efficiency of investments into oil-extracting corporations of Krasnoyarsk region at the expense of development of its innovative potential is analyzed; volume of extraction and look-ahead resources of oil, possibility of at-traction of foreign investments; a condition of an investment climate, possibility of import of oil with the accounting mining used and inclusions in an industrial turn of small deposits.
State to initiate the formation of clusters in the diamond complex Russia assumes priority financing of innovation the industry and the simultaneous strengthening of the economic system, mediating diamond complex infrastructure and geographically. But productivity growth due to innovative activity of one branch can lead to a slowdown in other sectors. Indirect support for clusters include the activities of public-private partnership to stimulate competition, demand creation and support of allied industries, export promotion, development of training programs and links to science, infrastructure support of the cluster, antitrust, insurance risks, etc.
Market conditions dictate necessity of complex management of the capital of the enterprises of mineral-raw complex. Along with traditional methods of internal risk-management taking into account specific raw risks, the system of external insurance develops. Modernisation of a mineral-raw complex demands considerable internal and external investments and is interfaced to various risks and uncertainty of a situation. The Mineral-raw-material base of the extracting and processing enterprises, is simultaneously and the managing environment, it both object and a risk factor.
Now the economy of Russia possesses a heredity in the form of the Soviet model of the organization of the industry – territorial industrial complexes which needs updating for conformity to market economy and globalization calls. Today «growth points» – industrial complexes as set concerning homogeneous the companies with high innovative potential which simultaneously would act as the base, «nutritious» environment for formation and development of new subjects of economic system are necessary not large, badly operated and разнонаправленные conglomerates, and. Industrial clusters represent one of the most effective forms of the organiza- tion of the industry and all subjects of economic system.
Diamond complex – one of the economy sectors, the kept potential of the expanded reproduction in the conditions of crisis. Russia, along with the republic of South Africa, Australia, Zaire, Botswana, Angola and Namibia is included into number of seven largest diamond-mining countries of the world and takes the second place in the world on volume of extraction of diamonds, being the world leader on stocks of diamond raw materials. Reserves of increase of efficiency at the separate enterprises and branch as a whole are revealed. Problems of strengthening of position of object of research on internal and a foreign market are defined.
The metallurgical complex is a part of the manufactures making a basis of industrial and defensive potential of Russia. For increase in volume and production improvement of quality are defined internal possibilities of manufacture on the basis of its modernisation. Attempt of actualisation of the term «modernisation» at the expense of the complex approach to its treatment and workings out of the mechanism of acceptance of corresponding organizational and administrative decisions is undertaken. The technique is specified and the estimation of a technical condition of the equipment is carried out, the technical and economic analysis of modernisation on Open Society «Severstal» is carried out. Ways of perfection of a control system by updating of industrial potential of the metallurgical enterprise taking into account the requirement of the complex approach are defined.
Feature of anti-recessionary management of the organisation consists in the raised complexity of administrative processes. Financial crisis is shown in shortage of money resources, growth of the delayed creditor debts, falling of sales, discontent of the personnel and other adverse factors. Level of requirements to the heads, making the most important, strategic decisions, increases in a geometrical progression In the conditions of a crisis state most important to reduce one expenses and to increase others which can make the company profitable.
The paper justifies the necessity to utilize new methods of strategic planning in oil and gas field exploitation in the Arctic shelf during the implementation of high-technology diversified model of development for oil and gas companies (OGC) based on principles and tools of fractal theory. It has been proved that despite its challenging conditions the Arctic represents not only resource potential of the country and a guarantee of national safety, but also a key driver of market self-identification and self-organization of OGCs. Identified and analyzed problems in institutional procurement of shelf development and utilized methods of strategic planning and project management, both on the levels of state and corporate governance, demonstrate that reductive approach of the fractal theory allows to take into account diversification of heterogeneous multicomponent project models, which can be reduced to a single management decision with inverse iterations of neural network modelling. Suggested approach is relevant for strategic planning not only on the stage of investment portfolio justification, but also for identification and assessment of project risks; ranking of projects according to the order of their implementation; back-and-forth management (monitoring and supervision) and project completion. It has been detected that such basic properties of the fractal as self-similarity, recurrence, fragmentation and correlation between all fractal dimensions allow to systematize chaotically changing values of market parameters in the Arctic shelf development project, which provides an opportunity to forecast market development with minimal prediction errors.